Rain Liivoja

Title: Implantable Technologies in the Armed Forces: Some International Law Considerations

Abstract: While international law extensively regulates the deployment and the conduct of armed forces, it does not specifically address the use of many emerging military technologies. But such technologies do not remain, as it were, legally inert. For one, their use is constrained by the existing general rules and principles of international law, especially the law of armed conflict and human rights law. And, in any event, even where the law does not place restrictions on these technologies, certain legal consequences flow from their use. Implantable technologies are a case in point. In this presentation, I will first consider the limitations on the use of implantables arising due to the service members' right to bodily integrity under international human rights law. Second, I will look at implications of the use of implantables for the protection of military medical personnel under the law of armed conflict.

Biography: Rain Liivoja is a Senior Lecturer and Branco Weiss Fellow at Melbourne Law School. He is also an Affiliated Research Fellow of the Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights, University of Helsinki. Rain has published on the law of armed conflict, international criminal law, the law of state jurisdiction, the law of treaties and the regulation of private military contractors. He has taught international law at the Universities of Melbourne, Helsinki and Tartu, as well as the Estonian National Defence College and the Riga Graduate School of Law. Rain is the book review editor of the Finnish Yearbook of International Law and a member of the editorial boards of several journals. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the International Society for Military Law and the Law of War, chair of the International Peace and Security Interest Group of the Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law, and a member of the Australian Red Cross International Humanitarian Law Committee (Victorian Division). Rain is a Fellow of the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce. Rain holds an undergraduate degree in law from the University of Tartu and masters, licentiate and doctoral degrees in public international law from the University of Helsinki. He has completed a Graduate Certificate in University Teaching at the University of Melbourne.

Affiliation: Branco Weiss Fellow at Melbourne Law School

Email: rliivoja@unimelb.edu.au