“...Rather than tolerating terrorism as a feedback means to restore the balance, an alternative framework would be to build a stable system to begin with, e.g. a system that is self-‐balancing. Such a society may be built with sousveillance (inverse surveillance) as a way to balance the increasing (and increasingly one-‐sided) surveillance.”
Steve Mann (2002), http://wearcam.org/sousveillance.htm
SponsoredbytheResearchNetworkforaSecureAustralia(RNSA). Co-‐sponsoredbytheCentrefor Transnational Crime Prevention (CTCP) and the Institute for Innovation in Business and Social Research (IIBSOR) of the University of Wollongong (UOW).
Policing today has become a high-‐tech affair; especially in the provision of incident event tracking and reporting systems increasingly being used to provide evidence in a court of law.
These in-‐car video (ICV) and body worn recording systems are said to increase convictions and eliminate false claims made by defendants, providing documentary support to police officers and their associated actions in an incident. But today, new technologiessuchassmart phones equipped with camerasand global positioning system chipsets can also be found in the hands of the everyday citizen, used to capture everyday happenings and distributed tosocial networkswith global reach. Itisarguedthatthetraditional notion of community policing has been turned on its head—no longer strictly a strategy followed by police in positions of power in specific neighbourhoods, but a type of policing that has found itself in the hands of the general public.
TheVancouverRiotsandLondonRiotsof2011demonstratedthecomplexityofthenew3Gmobile environment as thousands of images and video were recorded by police, protesters, perpetrators, and innocent bystanders. Telecommunicationsoperatorsand serviceprovidersdeclaredthat theywould collaboratewith local police forces insofar as regulations allowed, and police called on citizens to act as informants to contribute images and video toward law and order.
The potential for real-‐time criminalization based on identity, location and video footage has been discussed as a plausibleresponseby policeusing crowd-‐sourced surveillance, andcrowd-‐sourced sousveillancetechniques. With the proliferation of covert surveillance technologies the stage is set for a re-‐evaluation of existing laws and practices.
Origins of Sousveillance
* Sousveillance is a term that was developed by Professor Steve Mann of the University of Toronto.
Outcomes of the Workshop to be published in a special issue of the IEEE Technology & Society Magazine at the end of 2012/ beginning 2013 to be edited by Katina Michael & Andrew Goldsmith.