Wearable and Implantables Panel at IEEE Life Sciences Conference 2017

IEEE Life Sciences Conference

Title of Panel: From Wearables to Implantables that Measure and Enhance Human Behaviour: What can we do already? And where are we headed?

Estimated Time: 1 hour

Structure: Each panellist will have 10 minutes to present their case. The moderator will then spent 20 minutes in discussion. Finally, the audience will be invited to ask questions for 10 minutes of each participant.

11.30am-12.30pm Thursday (14 Dec)

Moderator: Katina Michael

Biography: Katina Michael is a professor in the Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences at the University of Wollongong. She is Editor in Chief of IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, and Senior Editor of IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine. Katina has previously served as a representative of Consumers Federation of Australia between 2010 and 2016. She has been researching the socio-ethical implications of biomedical devices over the last 20 years.

BrainCo http://www.brainco.tech

BrainCo http://www.brainco.tech


Panelist 1: Ms Shanti Korporaal

Ms Shanti Korporaal

Ms Shanti Korporaal

Shanti Korporaal is a Futurist, Serial Entrepreneur, Speaker, Facilitator, Whisky Chick and most of all, lives for Lightbulb moments. With her husband, Skeeve Stevens, she runs eight businesses with offices in two countries - Australia and Cambodia. In life and in business they make a great team, Skeeve is the visionary and ideas and Shanti is the practical tactical, implementer. She is co-founder and Director of Future Sumo, VR the World, Chip My Life, Niisch, eintellego Networks, eintellego Networks (Cambodia) and Elastic Venues (Cambodia). All of her companies are about empowering her clients to grow and flourish in their own businesses or department.

Panelist 2: Mr Meow Meow

Mr Meow Meow

Mr Meow Meow

Meow is the founder of BioFoundry Inc Australia. He is a citizen scientist whose lab dabbles in wearable and implantable technology among other biohacking applications. His website is http://foundry.bio/. He has been featured in Bloomberg’s Hello World documentary in 2016. He was also the first person to implant and Opal card NFC device into his hand. He is a molecular biologist by qualifications and training.

Panelist 3: Rebecca Herold

Ms Rebecca Herold

Ms Rebecca Herold

Rebecca has 25+ years of systems engineering, information security, privacy & compliance experience, is CEO of The Privacy Professor® consultancy she founded in 2004, and President of SIMBUS, LLC Information Security, Privacy, Technology & Compliance cloud services she founded in 2014. Rebecca engineered the SIMBUS architecture, including risk assessments, LMS, and breach calculator and management system, plus others.  Rebecca has authored 19 books, contributed to dozens of other books, and hundreds of articles. Rebecca led the NIST Smart Grid Privacy Subgroup for 7 years, was a co-founder/officer for IEEE P1912 Privacy and Security Architecture for Consumer Wireless Devices Working Group, and is on many advisory boards. Rebecca was Adjunct Professor for the Norwich University MSISA program for 9 years, has received numerous awards, and has provided keynotes on five continents. Rebecca appears regularly on the KCWI23 television show, and quoted in diverse publications.  Rebecca is based in Des Moines, Iowa, USA.

Conference Link: http://lsc.ieee.org/2017/

Photos from the Panel

Front: Katina Michael, Meow Meow, Shanti Korporaal. Background via Skype: Rebecca Herold

Front: Katina Michael, Meow Meow, Shanti Korporaal. Background via Skype: Rebecca Herold

Medical Device Commercialisation Training Program

Last week I had the pleasure of going to the medical device commercialisation training program (part 1) at Wollongong's Innovation Campus. It was a highly worthwhile day with lots of examples, a great deal of useful content, and application process information. As always I include the disclaimer at the top of this web page-- any errors in my note taking are my own. The notes are ill-formatted but I hope this does not detract from readability. I've tried to maintain some consistency throughout. The notes are my interpretation of what was said, notes from the board, and separate thoughts/reflections of my own on occasion.



Deep tech innovations


Redfern. 70 companies

Industry-agnostic, not just medical.

Life sciences, devices, diagnostics, robotics/hardware, enterprise software

500 patents in building

70 start ups

110M private and public funding


Incubator Process:




NSW Health (resmetal, next cochlear)


Ignition IP – base level skill (being informed)

Ignition Health – 12 week course (work in teams). Break down biases.

-          Customer discovery – finding the right business model

-          Team based

-          Experiential learning

-          Lots of customer interviews

-          Scientific method to the market

-          What are the assumptions making around

-          What are the pain points

Ignition CORE – Flagship. Run for 3 years. Intensive commercialisation course

-          Commercial aspects of building your medtech business

o   Intellectual property management

o   Market analyses and customer archetypes

o   Product development

o   Regulatory and reimbursement strategy

o   Financial modelling

o   Valuation

-          Ignition show case. 300 people. 950K of awards

50 graduates

11 companies

$20M in public/private funding


An Introduction to Intellectual Property

Gavin Recchia

Principal Patent Attorney

Davies Collision Cave (law firm)

-          Process, device, method

What is IP?

-          Trademarks etc

-          Innovation is only good as your ability to exploit it

-          How can you apply, an application, and a scenario that is used

-          Draw benefit to the exclusion of others

-          How is the public good best served by my work and its dissemination?

-          What is the public good?

o   Turning into clinical advance and turned into clinical setting

o   Not really to go to journal but what else?

o   IP protection and publication

§  Protect or perish ; publish or perish?

-          In the patent you are publishing in more detail than you can imagine.

o   Patent protect first, and then publish

-          Product of thought, creativity, and intellectual effort”

o   Industrial, scientific, literary, artistic fields

-          Intellectual property rights are those right available to protect knowledge

-          Intangible assets

o   More difficult to quantify and define but most important (as opposed to trucks)

§  Australia has invested in tangibles not intangibles OECD (share of GDP)

o   Not good on R&D and other intellectual property products

-          Seems to be a cultural things.

-          Patent filings: applications. Australia is flat. Zero growth.

-          AU medical device innovations

o   Health costs, population increases

§  Pressure to innovate in healthcare increases

o   Have skills and track record

o   Cochlear, REsMed (sleep medicine and non-invasive ventilation—sleep apnea), Compumedics (neurological), Optiscan, Impedimed (bio for lymphedema)

o   (1) Copyright, (2) trademarks, (3) industrial design, (4) patents

-          Copyright

o   Exists automatically. Protects literary and artistic

o   Dramatic works, musical works, Recordings and broadcast

o   Published editions

o   Protects the expression of something and not the idea itself

§  Demonstrate that they COPIED your work, not independent creation

§  In workplace it depends on your contract

o   Control over restricted acts (reproduction, sale, performance)

o   They are exclusive rights—right to stop someone else from reproducing

o   International in scope

o   Lifetime of the author +50-70 years after their death

o   Can be licensed like a key to a house

o   Protects expressions and not ideas

-          Branding

o   Trademarks

o   Logo

o   Registered names

o   Domain names

o   Copyright in and logos

o   Registered Trademark

§  One registered and the other asserted by common law

§  Stand out in the crowd

o   Trademarks:

§  Word, phrase, symbol, shape, color, scent, sound

·         Associates sign and image with a service

·         Coca-cola

§  Can be registrable

§  Threshold of distinctiveness

§  Lifetime – indefinite

§  Use or lose

·         Cadbury – colour purple- it work

·         BP tried to do it for green- did not work

·         Harley Davidson—sound of HD

·         Sound of lion in Metro Mayer (movie)

·         Apple symbol- woolworths, household goods, NO from apple

o   Apple was on green trucks of woollies and white in apple

§  Aldi is example of almost predatory

·         Against substantially identical or deceptively similar designs

·         Keep paying fees to that country

·         Different in each country (geographic)

·         Coca-cola—150 countries….

·         If not used for more than 3 years then it can be taken away from you

o   Demonstrate using it as a trademark

o   Sufficient reputation developed within


·         818621

·         Word: ResMed

·          Class 10

§  562396

·         Word: VPAP vPAP

·         Class: 10

·         Certain subset of goods and services

§  1158806

§  Samba

§  Class: 10

§  Different applications

o   Another trademark 796827 Samba, Bon Food Class:30 coffee

o   Samba x 2

o   Wind surfer, eski, Kleenex, hoover, windsurfer, post-it notes (3M)

§  Trademark rights on that word

§  SO familiar that they buy your product but not too familiar that they buy others also

o   Not Prima Facie Registrable

§  Kind, quality, quantity, intended purpose, value

§  Geographical origin, time of production, any characteristic of product

o   Advantages

§  Exclusive right to use trade mark and to obtain relief for infringement

§  Authorised use

§  Maintenance of trademark by renewal

§  Customs provisions

§  Deterrent effect of registration

§  Policing of trademarks register by Registrar of Trade Marks

§  Rights to assign/ record interest

o   Disadvantages

§  Procedure

§  Time and cost

§  Obligation to maintain and police registered trade mark

·         Non-use issues

·         Renewal requirements

§  Update changes

§  Pay fees to maintain each year

·         Apply -1-2K

o   Make your trademark stand out

§  Distinctive, memorable

·         Fanciful or coined terms, arbitrary marks

·         Avoid descriptive or generic terms

§  Gianturco-Rubin Stent, Taxus Stent, Taxus Liberte

o   Avoid generecising mark

o   TMs and Business names

§  Cannot register a business name unless y ou have done a trademark search. Because you can have a business name, a domain name, but trademark can belong to someone else.

-          Industrial Design

o   Protects visual appearance of an article

§  Does not protect functionality

o   Monopoly over appearance

§  As indicated by representations

§  Lasts for about 10 years

o   Shape of a device (appl trademark ipads, syringes etc)

o   Shape, pattern, configuration, ornamentation

o   Cars, tyres, tyre treads

o   Protects appearance but NOT functionality (so you need a patent also)

o   Applied to medical devices, electronics, vehicles

o   Prevents direct reproduction of design

o   Can be obtained quickly

o   Add to commercial value of a product

§  Attractive and appealing, marketability

o   Catheter, wheel chairs, movement devices, stretches, stents, mesh, walking frames

o   TWO DESIGNS: AU 321356 vs AU 319213 (very similar). Swivel with steering variation.

o   Simply protects DIRECT COPYING

o   One thing to say you can do it, another to say it is WORTHWHILE endeavour to get IPx

-          Trade Secrets

o   Need to control disclosure or use of information

§  Technical data, business information..

o   Must be kept confidential

o   Not reverse engineerable

o   Are not property

o   Can suffer from leakage

o   Duration- as long as you keep the secret

o   Coca-cola… 2-3 people who know… cannot go on same plane… confidential

o   17 years (original patent)

-          Patent Overview

o   Protect functionality of products, methods or processes

o   Idea must be:

§  New: novel

§  Inventive: not obvious

§  Not excluded

·         Exclusionability of patents

o   Provides exclusive right to prevent others exploiting the invention

§  Does not provide freedom to operate

o   Philosophy

§  Promote R&D and innovation in industry

§  Offering a reward to the inventor

§  For the right to publish details of the invention

§  So the public may eventually use it

§  And other may work around it

·         Lasted 600 years

o   Monopoly of 20 years – limited duration

o   Contract between inventor and state – quid pro quo

o   Territorial in scope

o   Requirements

§  Patentable subject matter

§  Novelty

§  Inventive step/ innovative step

§  Specification

§  Utility

o   Formal application/ examination process

o   Difficult: novelty and inventiveness… to prove… this is the prior art

o   Innovation Patents

§  8 year monopoly right

§  Protect innovations

§  Obtained quickly 4-6 years

·         But these were new but not really INVENTIVE

o   Problem is that it was highjacked by big players not SME

§  Commercially useful assets

§  Barrier to entry

§  Likely to cease to exist given gov report

§  Road barrier court case

·         Substantial contribution to innovation (flexible road barrier)

o   Durapost vs Delnorth

o   Road post of spring steel with barb!

o   More difficult to invalidate than standard patent as no inventive step enquiry.

o   Useful for small things in increment

§  Lucentis by Novartis

·         Ranibizumab treating AMD macular degeneration

·         Prefilled syringes containing products with dosage amounts

·         Not chemical, not syringe but TWO THINGS

·         8 AU innovation patents ($500M sales in 2015)

·         Versus Bayer product [became a strong tool]

o   Patent-eligible Subject matter

§  New machines, devices

§  New compositions

§  New use of known object, substances etc

§  Methods of doing things

§  Processes for making things

·         Improved processes for making known things

§  Combinations of known things

·         Synergy or unexpected interaction

§  Can use SAME device for a different application (method patent)

o   Australia: NRDC case (1950s)

§  Artificially created state of affairs

§  In a field of economic endeavour

§  * cannot patent genes which are same as sequence in nature

§  Needs to be $

§  Can’t patent nature

o   Europe

§  Methods of treatment by surgery or therapy, and diagnostics, practiced on a human or animal body excluded

o   US

§  Anything made by man under the sun (1980s)

§  A beer barrel on a head

§  US Patent 5,443,036 (cat and beams)

·         Laser beam on a wall get cat to exercise

§  Just because you can get a patent it doesn’t mean you should.

-          If not an enforceable invention DO NOT patent it.

-          Does it align with business plans.

o   Must align with commercial objectives

-          Not always:

o   Medical treatments

o   Diagnostics

o   Software

o   Ecommerce and business methods

o   Gene sequnces

-          Typucally

o   Machines, devices, hardware

o   Processes, techniques, methods

o   Compositions, materials

o   GMOs (Except animals?)

-          Kit, collocation, working directions etc

o   Generally a kit of parts none of which are novel, is not patentable

o   Very important in diagnostics field

-          Case Study: B Braun Melsungen AG

o   Family business since 1839

o   Safety IV catheters

o   Invention borne out of AIDS treatment

o   Prevention of needlestick injuries

o   Sales in excess of $500M

-          Case Study: Ultimate Medical (Aussie)

o   Laryngeal masks and other airways management

o   T-Bag

o   Single use oxygen enhancement device

o   2013 acquired by Teleflex

-          Case study: Nurofen

o   Boots developed Ibuprofen (1961)

o   Launched in 1969

o   Patent expired in 1980s

o   Exclusivity in improvements

o   Value in trademark maximised


Different Types of IP and IP Rights

Why is IP important?

-          No one is giving the $ to you after the fact

-          Proprietary knowledge of a business

-          Most important asset owned

-          Large industries are founded on IP

-          Gives competitive edge in marketplace

-          Software: copyright in code

-          Pharmaceutical: Patents on drugs and their uses

-          Nike: Swoosh (nike label) Just do it.

-          Expensive process. Prevents copying and freeloaders. Recoup product costs

o   Feasibility study and market research

o   Prototyping and product development

o   Marketing

o   Developing manufacturing/ distribution capabilities

-          Example: cost of bringing pharmaceutical to market is $800 million

o   Dimasi, Hansen and Grabowski (2003)

-          Valley of death – lack of funding

-          As development goes up, funding goes down

-          Government funding initially and then private sector funding kicks in

-          Market monopoly

o   License invention to have a revenue stream

o   Negotiation tool

§  Offering cross licensing

-          Defence against other people’s rights

-          Directors’ Obligations

o   IP assets represent a disproportionate amount of a company’s value

o   Need to manage and take steps to protect IP in your company

o   A director may be personally liable if they direct an organisation to commit an infringement of third party IP


How to talk about your secret sauce without giving it away

Value, usefulness, monotone, who are you speaking to? Technical low-down, know your audience

-          What is the unique inventive step that needs to be protected

-          Know the boundaries

-          Everything else can be shared

-          Know your audience- craft the story.

-          Their pain points, their problems.

-          Customer vs physician.

-          Don’t care about the technology—but it is the impact.

-          What value do you create?

-          Potential investors, partners, buyers

o   Cook Medical

o   Meet people to work with

-          What’s in it for you?

-          What’s in it for them?

-          Can they replicate what you do?

-          To sign an NDA or not?

-          Medtronic or Boston Scientific

-          A lot of investors will NOT sign NDAs. No time.

-          VC – institutional seasonal investors. No opportunity to steal ideas and go elsewhere but Medtronic might.

o   With a larger corporate have an NDA.

o   Very first meeting you would not sign an NDA. Getting to know you.

o   Due diligence process… NDA would be signed.

o   If patent not granted yet, be low key (20 year monopoly)

-          Have a logical story. Share the vision.

o   Problem: how many, where, how bad?

o   Solution

o   Market: size and opportunity, service delivery

o   Traction

o   Defensibility

o   Business model

o   Pricing

o   Timeline

o   The Ask

o   * What is the impact—that is what it comes down to.

-          Business Model Canvas


-          Users (hospital, physician?)

-          Choosers (hospital, physician?)

-          Payers (admin, patient?)

-          * That jobs do they need to get done. Could be social or emotional jobs. Admin. What are KPIs you have to meet? Patient satisfaction rating.

-          Customer jobs: A, B, C. There are gains and there are pains.

-          Customer interviews that are face to face.

o   Body language is a big indicator.

Value Propositions:

-          What is your offering?

-          What pains are relieved?

-          What gains do you create?

-          *Is your solution a Vitamin vs Pain Killer


Match Value propositions to customers

-          Clayton christenssen, milk shakes, time….what wearing… with who?

-          Staying in store? Innovators Dilemma

-          Half of milkshakes sold by 8.30am MCDONALDS

-          Nearly all had a long commute to work

-          Boring…stuck in traffic, peckish, limited by hands… (pain relievers)

o   Gains: quick, convenient, guilt-free MATCH (Gain creators)


PATENTS: What do I have to do?


-          Has this thing ever been done before?

-          Anywhere in the world before?

-          Prior art

-          Prior art must contain an “enabling disclosure”

-          Subject matter of patent application is compared against publications and prior use from anywhere in the world


-          The invention must involve creative thought or ingenuity

-          “If this exact thing hasn’t been done before (i.e. it is novel), what is the difference (i.e. step) from what was done before what is being done now? Is that step inventive?”

-          Is it obvious?

-          Non-obvious… but to whom?

o   Hypothetical person skilled in the art (PSA)

-          Thresholds differ in different jurisdictions


-          We look at common general knowledge

o   Would I directly be led to do this because I thought it was going to work


-          Reasonable expectation of success


-          Obvious to try


-          Invention must be fully described

-          Description must provide “best method” of performing the invention

-          Claims must not be too wide, considering what is disclosed in the specification

-          US: must enable the working of the invention, and show the applicant was “in possession” of it

Patent Claim

-          Describe the invention in ONE sentence

-          Think about the advance mad over the state of the art

-          Think about different possible embodiments to avoid being too narrow


A light emitting device compromising: an electricity conductive medium adapted to emit light when an electric current is passed therethrough


An electrical conductor adapted to emit light


EXERCISE: Fire, Candle, Gas Cylinder-à light bulb

Like a table cloth—do you trim to table… better to start bigger than small.


Don’t have to say it up front… JUS TNEW invention is!!

Google 23 and me…



Provisional (12 months)

-          Never published

-          Title, owner [secret document]

-          Can roll that over as often as you like

Complete (international application) - WIPO

-          Publication begins 6 months after… specification will be published

-          WIPO

-          18 months (preliminary search and opinon)

-          One person will assess but not 100% binding (knockouts at that point)

Then national phases

-          US, EP, AU, CA, JP, CN (national examination and grant)

-          Country level examined application and granted


PCT application

-          152 countries are covered

-          Gives you 18 month additional to choose countries in which to pursue patents

-          Official international search

-          Provisional patent is recognised internationally


-          Grace period for filing a patent application after public disclosure

-          Protect for self-disclosure

-          12 months to file complete patent

Patent application might be in process but DO NOT put a DESIGN application in because it will be disclosed within 6 months. While Patent applications is 12-18 months.


You can only claim for when it is granted.

Picket fences… broad

Modify… 20 + 20 years + 20 years… keep developing


Key points:

-          Should be filed before disclosure

-          Grace periods

-          Provisional 12 months… The clock is ticking… Complete 12 months (max)

-          Information/data collecting exercise is ongoing and subject to time pressures

-          Must include all subject matter

-          Must file in each country of interest

How much data?

-          In vitro vs in vivo data

-          Breadth of exemplification vs spectrum

-          Don’t have to test every single embodiment

-          In vivo data is not needed IF a sound prediction can be made

-          IN vivo data may be needed as support for examination

Depends on tech

Depends on stage of the patent process

Extrapolation is admissible


Useful starting point:

-          Would you be convinced of the claims made in light of the supporting data?

Cannibis. Medical cannabis.

Against the law

Reproducing a human.

Hold the patent from distribution. Socio-ethical legal issues.

Not against the law. Moral obligations for human harm.


Timing and Cost Management

-          Defer costs where possible

o   Combine applications where possible

-          Avoid unnecessary costs

o   Extension fees

-          Seek external funding

o   Government grants

o   Sensible country selection

§  Follow the money

·         Primary markets

·         Manufacturing

§  Consider patentability exclusions

o   Rationalise portfolio

Regular evaluation

-          Patent priority profiling

-          Deadline for internationalisation: 12 months after t

-          Deadlne for nationalisation: 30/31 months from beginning


Select what to patent

-          Business/commercial value

o   What is the lijely value of the technology

o   Will exclusivity provide a competitive advangtage

o   Does the technology align with commercial objectives

-          Legal strength

o   What is the inventive step over the prior art

-          The higher the regulatory bar to product approval to more the patent strategy is important

o   Timing

o   Countries

o   Disclosure over time

A balancing act:

1.       Cut your cloth and go broad

Broad: scope of potential monopoly, prior art against others, flexibility to change course, ability to bury lead idea

Narrow: simplar examination, greater certainty of ouotcome, reduced expeince, improved prospect of availability

Picket fences strategy:

CORE component (then expand)-- NUROFEN

BAYER: compound (termite protection). Expire patent and expand patent list.


-          Aggressive / licensed strategy

o   Patent everything

-          Blocking strategy

-          Defensive strategy

-          Fencing strategy

-          Land mines

-          Scorched earth

o   Put everything in and others cannot use it either


Discovery or invention

-          “Every scientific discovery if made technologically applicable, becomes an invention.

-          Continuous assessment of findings and developments

o   Checkpoints, e.g. group/lab meetings conference, manuscript

-          Do not try to evaluate inventiveness

-          Searching patent and non-patent literature

-          Invention disclosure forms (use it)

-          Consultation with patent attorney


What is an invention?

2.       Conception.

3.       Reduction to Practice

IN science it can be done in reverse… if engineerings 1-2 steps… or same time!


-          Formation in the mind

-          Definite and permanent idea

Reduction to Practice

-          Constructing invention

-          Testing

-          Testing of embodiments

-          The invention need not be perfect

-          Not all embodiments need to be tested

Constructive reduction to practice

-          Full clear concise and exact terms, to enable a person in the art relevant to it to make and use it

Who is entitled?

-          The inventor

-          Someone entitled through the inventor

-          Entitlement vs ownership

Inventorship matters:

-          Revoking a patent is almost impossible

-          Critical to identify inventors and ensure correct entitlement

Medical Device

-          Include software

-          Operations of a health system

-          A tool, diagnostic, device

-          Process

-          Public funding- ignition core… medical devices fund (state government fund) 6-8m$

WILL HIRD – Chemical Engineering

-          What constitutes inventorship?

-          “Conception is the touchstone to determining inventorship”

-          Without contribution the invention would not have been made


-          Material effect on invention

-          Part of a collaboration

-          Practical implementation of a mere idea

-          “But for”

-          Conception of the solution

Not indicators:

-          Using teaching of prior art

-          Normal skill in the art

Single inventor:

-          Fewer problems

-          Rarely applicable in modern high tech

Joint inventor:

-          Where two or more individuals collaborate on an invention

-          Each individual makes some but not all of the contribution

-          Owned in equal amounts

-          Subagreement about revenue on how to distribute among inventors entitled

Case Study:

-          HARRIS vs CSIRO

-          Collaborative project between D and H

-          H was considered to be an inventor.. materially affected the ultimate invention was

o   Entitlement

o   H challenged D…

Patent Owners:

-          Not normally the inventors

-          Chain of the title, normally from inventors to other entitites via:

o   Contract of employment

o   Assignment

o   Other legal contract or agreement

o   Check obligations

-          An inventor is always an inventor but owners come and go

-          Inventors are rewarded

Organisation IP Policy

-          Created by staff

Research (Organisation IP Policy)

-          Ensure ownership does not conflict with assessment of student


-          No true inventor was names

-          One or more additional inventors should have been named

-          No clear chain of title

-          CRC

-          Invention not conceived in course of employment


Case: Ethicon Inc v. U.S> Surgical Corp

-          Dr Yoon developed trocar equipped with safety device

-          Ethicon sued US Surgical

-          Mr Choi helped but not informed

-          US Surgical found out about Choi

-          Obtained a retroactive license

-          Corrected inventorship of patent

-          The US Surgical ended up on the patent

Perform inventorship determinations

-          Interview contributors

-          Collect collaborating evidence

-          Prepare time line/fact sheet

-          Obtain approval of fact sheet from contributors

Assess inventorship



-          Disclosing results of research to a company

-          NDA from the University

-          NDA for exchange of materials (MTA) materials transfer agreement

-          Complete invention disclosure form/ pre-disclosure form

-          Documented notebooks

Public disclosure

-          Kills off validity of payments

-          Europe, China doesn’t use a grace period (70%). Australia does.

-          No public disclosure

-          Discrete about details of invention

-          Not publically disclosed prior to patent application

What happens when YouTube clips are made available for Kickstarter funding… courts put them up.

Cohen-Boyer patent (US 4237224)- public disclosure…

Commercialisation people wanting to hold back but academics want to impact

Computer related innovation

-          Patent protection

-          - function of a program, function of hardware

-          Protection of function and routine itself


                No need for registration

                Can protect source code, executable code

Circuit Layout


Example: Resmed AU2016204561: “System and method for determining sleep stage”

Example: AU2013319705

-          Contradiction between thought and feeling

-          Mental health care support device, system, method, program

o   “automatic thought and feeling inpuot unit

-          What is patentable

You can keep something away from public view (blackbox it)

-          E.g. trade secret for google rank page (patented, then IPO)

-          But today Google might not release the additional smarts


How can you stop someone else from doing something

Patent 1: patented compound

Patent 2: a new method of using the company (application of hair for minoxidil)

** Minoxidil (new use of a known substance)

n  Unexpected, needs to be inventive…

In the tech space: e.g. RFID and the use; Bluetooth


Right to exclude others from practicing invention

-          Making

-          Using

-          Selling

-          Offering to sell

-          Import

Relates to the patented invention

-          Looks to claims

-          Right to license or assign

-          Infringement action can only be brought after patent grant



Research use exemption

-          Experimentation

-          Experimental purposes

Regulatory exemption

Prior user rights

-          Secret use before priority date


If in the eye of public interest you can go forward and use the technology.


Patent Landscape

-          Patentability and freedom to operate are different things!

-          Different to protecting your intellectual property

-          ** Freedom to operate sometimes means you need to get a license to sell your process/product

Freedom to operate

-          Has nothing to do with whether or not you have a patent

-          Nothing to with the strength of your patent position

-          Relates to ability to commercialise your technology

o   Will you infringe some else’s patent right?

-          Determining FTO is not trivial


-          What markets are you interested in

-          Markets of partners/licensees?

-          What level of comfort do you want or need?

-          What level of comfort do inventors/licensees want or need?

-          What is your technology now?

-          What developments of your tech are your planning?


-          Specific patent search strategy

-          Patent claim analysis

-          - jurisdiction by jurisdiction analysis

1983 – Ben Lexin—wind keel (closed with blankets)


FTO—look if a patent has expired.


Dealing with someone else’s patent

-          Determine importance

-          Determine freedom to operate

-          Can I work around?

o   Identify elements of the claim that you can change or avoid

-          Invalidate the patent

o   Find prior art that invalidates problematic claims

§  “novelty KNOCK-OUT reference”

o   Ideally a single document or disclosure

-          License the patent


Patent searching

-          Should form part of any literature survey

-          Should form part of your R&D planning

-          Patent applications are published at about 18 months from filing

-          Searching is never 100% determinative- depends on searcher’s skills and expertise

o   Languages

-          Not one size fits all


Who are our competitors? Patent landscape

Where are the white spaces in R&D? Name

What is company X or inventor Y patenting? Patent family

IN which countries has patent protection been obtained or being pursued?

Is the claimed invention new?

Could we potentially be sued for patent infringement?

* atlasian






IP Australia

Google Patents




-          Purposeful. NGOs. Competitors.

-          Needs to be reproducible.

-          Identify the technical field.

-          Enable the invention to be repeated

Need to disclose everything or just keep it as a trade secret.

Scope of protection, clearly mark out territory

Japan, China, South Korea

Machine translation via Google

China’s move dramatic because gov funded innovation cycles


Patent Specification

-          Tech Field

-          Background

-          Summary of the Invention

-          Brief Description of Drawings

-          Detailed Description

-          Examples

-          Claims

-          Drawings

Patent claims are numbered

-          Preamble + characterising features

o   Define the invention

-          Claim set begins broad and narrows

-          Different claim types

Case: B Braun vs Multigate

                Retractable needle

-          Two different needle retraction devices. So broad claim meant that they could capture same thing differently… same function and different method.

Apple Samsung (IP barrister lawyers)


Exercise: drink carrying device

-          Prior art search: drink carrier

-          The drink carrier scenario

-          Drink carrier could fold into a small convenient size

-          Australian Patent: 2005289364

-          Breadth goes a lot further than normal requirement

-          Patent and design protection



-          Not about the product but descriptive of it sort of


Part 4

Everything that can be invented has been invented.

-          Cost

-          IP portfolio – what is it doing for you?

IP Services

-          IP creation and identification

o   Identify IP and its full potential

o   IP audits

o   IP mining

o   Branding development

-          Securing IP rights

o   Drafting and prosecuting patent applications

-          IP Agreements

o   CDAs/NDAs, licensee, assignments, MTAs, CRAs

-          IP enforcement


-          IP due diligence

-          IP portfolio enhancement for exit

-          Improved IP operational efficiency and effectiveness


Patent attorneys:

-          Draft a patent

-          Technical qualification (science, engineering, technical competence)

-          Drafting and prosecuting apps

-          searching

-          Advice / analysis

-          IP law specialists

-          70K in 3 countries (Europe, Asia, US); 7 apps 2-3K bills each; TOO MUCH $


Old School

-          Do research

-          Review Output (maybe)

-          Capture IP (if still can)

-          And then work out what we will do


Aligning R&D and IP

-          Tech and market are well understood

-          Business plan is in place

-          Commercial strategy is agreed

-          IP landscape is identified and analysed

-          Required IP portfolio is defined

-          R&D planned to create the IP portfolio required to achieve the strategy

IP Landscape

-          Raise awareness

-          Quick to file, quick to abandon

-          Proper management of non-patent IP

-          Patents splits by application to facilitate licensing

-          Strategic publication where appropriate

Conception and Technical Design

Anatomy of a patent portfolio

60% of patents collapse over time because they cannot afford the maintenance

-          High core value


Good idea?

-          Don’t tell anyone

-          Consider brief literature

-          Consider obligations

o   Employer, collaborator, sponsor

-          Report in invention disclosure


Tools and processes:

-          NDAs

-          Notebooks and journals

-          Invention disclosure

-          Right creation



-          Don’t talk to people’s lawyers, you should talk to people who are interested in the actual technology

-          Maintain detailed records

-          Date, diagonal line through page if blank

-          Ink only

-          Pre-disclosure forms

The Internet of Us: RADCOMM2017

I will be one of the keynote speakers of this event. I appreciate the invitation from RADCOMMS17 committee and extend thanks to the ACMA whom have been a target audience of our previous research.

Title: The Internet of Us

Abstract: Microchipping humans was once the stuff of science fiction but today we seem to be more than just dabbling in our dreams. For some fusing technology with the flesh will herald in an unforeseen utopia, and yet for others embedded sensors ‘under the skin’ is a clear marker of a dystopic future. What are the social implications of opting in or opting out to such a cyborgian vision? What are the unintended consequences of becoming an electrophorus? And what are the opportunity costs of not doing so? This presentation will describe where humans fit into The Internet of Things equation, and how we might be propelling ourselves toward an Internet of Us before too long. Welcome to uberveillance, where you too, might well be considered a node on a 5G network. It’s time to talk about the sociotechnical implications of humancentric embedded non-medical telecommunications devices that can be injected or even swallowed.

Biography: Katina Michael is a Professor in the Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences at the University of Wollongong. She has a PhD in automatic identification innovation, a Masters in Transnational Crime Prevention and a Bachelors of Information Technology. She started out her career as a Graduate Engineer for Nortel Networks in 1996 and stayed with the company for six years working in pre-sales engineering throughout Asia and North America. In academia, Katina has authored seven books, guest edited 12 special journal issues, and written over a hundred peer reviewed papers. In 2008, Katina was successful in attaining a significant Australian Research Council grant on the topic of Location Based Services and Telecommunications Policy in Australia and has been researching the social implications of emerging technologies for twenty years. Katina is Editor in Chief of IEEE Technology and Society Magazine and a Senior Editor of IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine.


Full program available here

Photos from the Event

Pyrmont, Sydney

Pyrmont, Sydney

Honourable Minister Mitch Fifield, Minister for Communications and Minister for the Arts giving the opening address at RADCOMMS17. In foreground, the new Chairwoman of the Australian Communications Media Authority (ACMA), Derida O'Loughlin, the first female chairwoman of the ACMA.

Honourable Minister Mitch Fifield, Minister for Communications and Minister for the Arts giving the opening address at RADCOMMS17. In foreground, the new Chairwoman of the Australian Communications Media Authority (ACMA), Derida O'Loughlin, the first female chairwoman of the ACMA.

Chairman ACCC, Mr Rod Sims giving keynote address at conclusion of Day 1. "The economic value of the spectrum is the value it will give to the economy, not the one hit/one-off budget boost which is short-term." Here Rod is speaking of the 5G spectrum.

Chairman ACCC, Mr Rod Sims giving keynote address at conclusion of Day 1. "The economic value of the spectrum is the value it will give to the economy, not the one hit/one-off budget boost which is short-term." Here Rod is speaking of the 5G spectrum.

Representative Feedback

On this occasion I was particularly overwhelmed with the positive feedback I received. I have reflected on this greatly over the last 48 hours. What was it about this audience that had representatives from government, industry, and academics? No doubt, the fact that I was so engrained in the telecoms sector between 1996-2002 had something to do with it. The people I was speaking to "were there" when things happened, and most are "here" today. I used the right language that came naturally to me to present. I used examples that we had all witnessed over the last 20 years. I had been heavily involved in the 3G spectrum allocation auction process because I was building models that I shared with telecoms operators so they could figure out what their proposed CAPEX might be. And here we were 17 years later discussing the roll out of 5G spectrum with a different paradigm in place of "auctions" and lots to go to the highest bidder...

In any case, there is so much I can say! Perchance meeting with old friends in the industry, including a dear friend I worked closely with on Telstra bids, Noelle Jones! Thank you to Tony Huang from Optus who helped to untangle some of the visions of the sector at large, and to Carsten Clemens who I think is a Nokia guru who I had the grace to break bread with at the ACCAN speaker's dinner. But much of this positivity stemmed from the people at the helm- Nerida O'Loughlin (chairwoman of ACMA), Mark Lomey, James Cameron, and a long list of people... including the tireless professional staff of Emma Rossi, Emilia Nedic, Lou Tapselle, Erin and so many others who were so supportive.

Here is what some emails had to say:

Hi Katina: I enjoyed your Internet of Us presentation yesterday. Your dot analogy and safety implications arising from interference and crosstalk in data transmission, especially for a range of applications and industries, should give everyone a lot to think about.

(Male) 3 Nov 2017

Hey Katina, It was great to meet you and see your presentation.
(Male) 3 Nov 2017

Thank you so much Katina. I have downloaded your great presentation. Amazing !

(Male) 3 Nov 2017
Your speech was great, lots of people saying how good it was still on day 2.
(Female) 3 Nov 2017
We met at the ACMA Radcomms Conference in Sydney...  As you know I was impressed (blown away!) by your presentation and very grateful that I only had to speak about something as simple.
(Female) 14 Nov 2017

Robots for Aged Care: Socio-ethical Issues

Abstract: This presentation will consider several use cases for robots in aged care. The audience will participate in raising socio-ethical issues of concern. These may be positions for robots to be used in aged care, or against robot use in aged care. For example, can robots help the elderly get out of bed, and get dressed? Might they make good companions to stave off loneliness or depression? Or might robots motivate the aged toward reaching news levels of fitness, instructing them in daily light aerobic activity? This presentation will discuss what we imagine robots to look like, whether or not robots are welcome by the ageing population, and what some of the risks might be if robots are considered a replacement for skilled people.

Biography: Professor Katina Michael is in the Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences at the University of Wollongong, Australia. She is presently the IEEE Technology and Society Magazine Editor in Chief, and the Senior Editor of IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine. She researches the socio-ethical implications of emerging technologies. She has several special issues calling for papers presently on themes related to ethical robots, machine ethics, and ethically-designed robots.

Source: http://www.roboticstrends.com/article/japan_to_create_more_user_friendly_elderly_care_robots/

Source: http://www.roboticstrends.com/article/japan_to_create_more_user_friendly_elderly_care_robots/

About U3A

U3A (the University of the Third Age) Started in the universities of France in the 1970's. It has now spread throughout many countries around the world. It has become a community centred organisation, where people in their “third age” (active or semi-retirement, after childhood and employment) from all walks of life, get together to teach and learn from each other, in a friendly social atmosphere.

Research has shown that as we get older, it is important to maintain our physical and mental health, and that mental stimulation and social interaction contribute to positive ageing and wellbeing.

U3A Northern Illawarra is located in Thirroul, in the northern suburbs of Wollongong. It offers a range of activities throughout the weeks of school terms.

Our talks are held on a Wednesdays with the first speaker commencing at 9.30 am. There is a break for morning tea at 10.30 am with the 2nd speaker commencing at 11.00 am. There are a number of special interest groups held throughout the week at other times and days.

Venue: Excelsior Hall, Thirroul Library & Community Centre, 352 Lawrence Hargrave Drive, Thirroul.

Date:  Wednesday- 18/10/17 – Robots of aged care services: Socio Ethical issues.

Time:   9.30 am for 45 minutes (includes presentation and questions).


Personal Communications (October 21, 2017)

"Big Thankyou Katina from all at U3a Thirroul for your very enlightening presentation on Robots in Aged care.

I had a number of people approach me after your talk to let me know how much they enjoyed it and just like Oliver in the Charles Dickens book people are asking for more!

Hoping you might be available to return to us in 2018 to enlighten us some more..."

Banking Innovation: Self-authentication – is it possible and plausible?


Self authentication – is it possible or plausible?

— Identification is changing rapidly today with the use of biometrics to facial recognition and other invasive technologies. We will explore if self-authentication is not only possible today but is it secure and safe?

Professor Katina Michael, School of Computing and Information Technology, University of Wollongong

Here, I will explore the whole idea of "self-authentication" which includes Biometrics, Facial Recognition, Microchip Implants and other sensory technology that banks are using and exploring. The session will explore the possibilities, and whether or not these possibilities are safe, secure and also ethical. Are they violating our privacy in ways we could never understand, inclusive of both intended and unintended consequences. Bitcoin and blockchain will come into the discussion.

Biography: Katina Michael is a professor in the School of Computing and Information Technology at the University of Wollongong, Australia. She has been studying the technological trajectory of consumer-facing banking technologies since 1996. She holds a BIT, Masters of Transnational Crime Prevention and PhD in automatic identification innovation. Katina is the IEEE Technology and Society Magazine editor in chief and senior editor of IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine. She has written numerous books, among them a co-authored reference volume titled: "Innovative Automatic Identification and Location-Based Services: From Bar Codes to Chip Implants".

11th October, 2017

Radisson Blu Hotel, Sponsored by Ovum

Keynote Address: 12.45-1.15 pm

self-authentication - veronique.jpeg

Participant Comments (LinkedIn, dated 11 October 2017):

Sri AnnaswamyKatina Michael - brilliant session on the dangers of potential reliance on biometrics, image recognition and behavioral analytics

Glenn Stafford: As a wise group head of compliance once told me " if my password is compromised I can change it! If my thumbprint is compromised what do I do, plastic surgery?"

Here Come the Startups IGCC2017 Summit

All of this technology, that is emerging in the energy sector, is empowering the consumer to make decisions based on various values– this could be economic for a particular household, a way of life that is particularly green, or a multiplicity of thresholds more to do with equity and social e-inclusion towards collective awareness. If I have and my neighbour does not I can share my slice of the pie, if I so choose.

While all of this sounds particularly cool and snazzy, the connected home, automation and voice activated environments, smart metering, and redistribution, deep down we need to think about the steps we are taking forward and why and how this data will be used for and against us. On the one hand, people who can afford it are bursting to technify further their lives- they cannot get enough. I spent hours yesterday listening to people who I would consider DIYers, video blogging their Internet of things home. The story goes something like this: my Google nest’s connected to my Google home, my Google home’s connected to my Philips Hue, my Philips hue's connected to my Amazon echo, Dem Internet of Things, of Things, Of Things.

It seems ladies and gentlemen, some of us cannot get enough. I do get the massive revolution that will occur and IS occurring, making homes more energy efficient when consumers can make decisions about their energy use based on their own data in the form of a dashboard. But the truth of the matter is while we are going to some very smart solutions, LED-based lighting which uses so much less power than our conventional lightbulbs, you need to think about how many of these sensors – lighting, audio, image, temperature, among many others, will proliferate into everyday disposable objects. What will happen to these products? They find themselves in another e-waste land somewhere in Asia or South America or Africa? I personally do not see the point to having 60 million colours being able to transform with mood, ambience, music tone, and context. But we seem to be distracted by what I call the illusion of choice. The V blogs I was referring to, demonstrate the time wasted, and energy wasted both power and human energy, and figuring out combinations of things. It seems we are being distracted by the possibilities and not by the end goal.

To say this in another way I’ve been pondering how we are so preoccupied with the data and making sure we monitor human activities to determine context that we are missing the point. Energy efficiency has been proven not so much to come from changes in human behaviour which are very difficult to enact because of limited rewards and the novelty effect, but from better engineering design in white goods and other tools, especially in industry, that bring down energy usage on a larger scale. We need to think about this when we do place our faith in industrial robotics that can indeed run for 24×7×365 days a year. But what about the economic cost and the cost of maintenance? Are we simply shifting human labour operational costs, to the completely automated factory?

Perhaps what I am alluding here to is the potential to fall into the crisis, and Cambridge University has a research group dedicated to catastrophic risk – to fall into the crisis that we are actually trying to get a grasp of through various means. So I disburse sensors everywhere in a bid to get feedback and to have a pulse on what is going on right down to the grassroots level, for instance I even chip trees and fauna, but in so attempting to quantify absolutely everything before us we are forgetting to qualify what is going on. Put in other terms here are wrestling with climate change issues, when most of us see climate change happening every single day of our life. If we’re not careful, we will one day come out with that beautiful spreadsheet, those nice curves, about specific details on climate change and how they are affecting our planet but by that time it may well be too late because we are in that catastrophic period and things start to become a little more difficult – and what I am alluding to here are things that have been well studied by scholars in the field, including population change, fisheries and access to grains, clean drinking water and so much more.

Ladies and gentlemen we cannot eat technology but we can eat seeds as they grow and become something we can consume. We cannot drink silicon, but we can drink clean water. For the time being a great number of our global population is dying very young because they do not have access to pure water. I reflect back to studying this phenomena in high school but while wage rates have improved in developing nations, I can say we have only made minimal improvements when we describe things like access to water. So to be guiding you today as a technologist, down a path of investing in technology alone, well, that would be very shortsighted of me. I would invest in very basic needs for human survival, albeit in the seed industry and in clean water or at least in wastewater recycling methods and even somehow extracting phosphorus from waste. These are just a couple of examples I describe. And if you do not believe me as a layperson in the field of finance, then perhaps you could listen to some of the directions advised by technologists like Bill Gates. This does not mean we abandon technology, obviously not, but we need to find a balance.

One thing is for certain, having lived through and worked through one of the most rapid periods of change, and I might add change is ever more rapid, we also need to do something about this notion we call planned obsolescence. It is great to have new ideas, it is great to have kickstart a funding, it is great to be the next Google, but with these discoveries comes to social responsibility. The mantra do no evil or do no harm is no longer one that is openly disclosed by organisations, because they cannot promise in any event and with any certainty that their production will do no evil and will do no harm. Our environment is bleeding, whether through human made disaster knowing or a knowing or through acts of God, or calculated greed-- we need to personally enact change in our own lives but also ensure that we are traversing down the path of renewal and sustainability. What I don’t want to see is this topic future where smart metering means that energy providers can act to manipulate consumers in even more pervasive manner, where variable pricing means no one is better off anyway, and tariffs are set in a way with service providers can only win win. This is again propelling a generation, an all-you-can-eat generation, and one that just can’t see the signs had.


“When you see a cloud rising in the west, immediately you say, ‘It’s going to rain,’ and it does. 55 And when the south wind blows, you say, ‘It’s going to be hot,’ and it is. 56 Hypocrites! You know how to interpret the appearance of the earth and the sky. How is it that you don’t know how to interpret this present time? (Luke 12:54-56)


I do like DARPA’s Near Zero Power RF and Sensor Operations (N-ZERO) program that has been working to overcome the power limitations of persistent sensing by developing wireless, event-driven sensing capabilities that would allow physical, electromagnetic and other sensors to remain dormant—effectively asleep yet aware—until an event of interest awakens them. To achieve these goals, the program intends to develop underlying technologies to continuously and passively monitor the environment and activate an electronic circuit only upon detection of a specific signature, such as the presence of a particular vehicle type or radio communications protocol. N-ZERO seeks to exploit the energy in signal signatures to detect and recognize attention-worthy events while rejecting noise and interference. Source

But we must be cognizant that such N-ZERO initiatives are also potential intrusions into human behaviours, that until now have been private. Ladies in gentleman it is the first time in human history that we are inviting third parties into our homes to monitor what we do, and to listen to our home conversations. Trust has never been more important in governments, in service providers, and even in ourselves to do the right thing. Deep down for me personally this becomes a human rights issue. How can we go forward knowing what we must do is essential for our environment and the longer term survival of our planet with the risks that we face individually and collectively? I would encourage investment in green computing and clean computing. And this is not just at the lightbulb level but all the way back to the core and edge of the network architecture and evil even the ripple effect requirements of data storage in containers, racks and buildings. Perhaps a topic we can discuss throughout the day, thank you.

Signature logo.png

IGCC are holding their biennial Climate Change Investment and Finance Summit, taking place on 9th -10th October 2017 in Melbourne.

Session: “Here come the startups", 9.10am - 10.00am on Day 2 of the Summit, 10th October 2017 - focussed around Start-ups and technology.

The Start-up session will be moderated by Alan Kohler.  Others in the session: Philip Livingston, Redback Technologies and Jessica Ellerm, Zuper. 

Each participant will give a 5 min short introductory presentation with Redback and Zuper, who they are and what their start-up aims to achieve in terms of assisting solve the current climate and energy puzzle. 

Over 10 minutes I will discuss:

- Using technology to tackle social and environmental issues

- The governance and ethics of technology (potential unintended consequences of trying to solve the climate and sustainability crisis with technology)

- hyper-consumerism of personal technologies vs the need for responsible supply chain management and stewardship


- the potential disruptive nature of technology start-ups vs the things we need to hold on to.

The panel discussion will be moderated by well-known finance journalist Alan Kohler of ABC and the Eureka Report.

Secondary Links:




Photographs from the Event:

Deep Brain Stimulation for Therapeutics: What is the prognosis?


Abstract: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) techniques for therapeutics were introduced in France in 1987. Since their inception a great deal of ongoing research has shed light into the potential applications of DBS to give people suffering from dystonia, Parkinson’s Disease, Tourette’s Syndrome, and Major Depressive Disorder, a chance at a better quality of life. In some cases, the DBS can be used to treat patients without the need for additional drugs that may carry a variety of side effects for individuals. More recently, DBS is also being considered for its potential to be used to put at bay Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), persons suffering overly from anxiety, among other applications. DBS requires biomedical engineers to work closely together with medical specialists and surgeons in the development of appropriate technology. DBS is not a cure, rather two electrodes (in the case of a bilateral implantation) are implanted in the brain (e.g. ventrointermediate nucleus (VIM) of the thalamus, globus pallidus internus or the subthalamic nucleus) and electric impulses sent to fend off overactivity. E.g. in the case of a patient who tremors, the stimulation helps them to stop tremoring by “zapping” that part of the brain responsible for the tremors. It follows then, for the patient who is feeling major depressive thoughts, the stimulation may help reduce periods of darkness. This is particularly the hope for those suffering from mental illness who seem to be drug resistant. Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) acts in a similar way but instead of being embedded in the brain, the electrodes are placed in the vagus nerve, which is responsible for sending the mild pulses of electrical energy. A VNS sends continuous stimulation periodically, and is mainly used in those who suffer from epilepsy. There is now growing evidence to suggest that both DBS and VNS are having a positive impact on patients, but for some it has been proven to have no effect, or even a negative effect.

As the brain pacemaker industry becomes a multi-billion dollar industry, patient safety issues have entered the spotlight. The potential for infection, defective devices, devices that are misprogrammed, or even cyberhacking have received increasing attention. Some patients are now raising concerns about manufacturer discussions that devices should be linked to the Internet and what this might mean in the context of electromagnetic interference and the potential impact not only to render stimulators inoperable but the impact on the brain itself. Others hypothesise that if you can make corrections through stimulators, then you can also create problems with stimulators. How long might it be before DBS becomes a general purpose product possibly marketed for memory enhancement or use in defence contexts?

Biography: Katina Michael is a professor in the Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences at the University of Wollongong. She has been researching both deep brain stimulation and vagus nerve stimulation from a patient perspective for the last 20 years. She is particularly interested in the social implications of emerging technologies in national security.

Link: http://www.katinamichael.com/seminars/2017/10/9/deep-brain-stimulation-for-therapeutics-what-is-the-prognosis

Contact: Nev Stephenson

Probus Nowra Committee

Probus Nowra Committee

Probus Nowra Members @ my talk on DBS

Probus Nowra Members @ my talk on DBS

Probus Group: Shoalhaven

Parkinson’s is a progressive neurological condition that affects people from all walks of life. It is quite common, with approximately 70,000 Australians living with Parkinson’s.
The average age of diagnosis is 65 years, however younger people can be diagnosed with Parkinson’s too. This is referred to as Young Onset Parkinson’s.
It is not easy to diagnose Parkinson’s. There are no laboratory tests (such as a blood test or brain scan), so it is important that the diagnosis is made by a specialist, such as a neurologist. The specialist will examine for any physical signs of Parkinson’s and take a detailed history of symptoms. 

I remember my first confrontation with Parkinson's disease. I was on the inner city bus 394 bound for Maroubra, New South Wales. A young man boarded the bus struggling to get his then Metro pass into the magnetic stripe reader. The bus driver got out of his seat and helped the man by pushing his hand into the reader device at the front. The man was tremoring so much that is the bus left the curb he found it difficult to set and so just placed his body against the rails in the mid-part of the bus. On witnessing this I felt uncomfortable but quickly realised this man was suffering from a debilitating condition. Almost simultaneously as the man pressed the exit button to signal that he would get off the bus, an older gentleman got up and started to motion that he was in a boxing style match exclaiming to the young man: "you lot should be ashamed! How do you border bus either having consumed alcohol or abuse drugs!" As the young man tried to defend himself and get off the bus he exclaimed: "it's called Parkinson's disease, you idiot." I felt very sad for the young man, who had obviously been misunderstood so often but had bravely boarded a bus in full view of his condition. He was dressed in an old pair of jeans, and a white T-shirt that was loosefitting. The older man who wanted to pick a fight was wearing a suit, and allegedly protecting his elderly wife. There are some scenes that never leave you… And from which you learn profound lessons. Never to judge another because you have no idea what they are going through.

It was not long after that that Michael J Fox, despite being so young, was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. I grew up watching Family Ties as a kid, and always thought Fox was an exceptional talent. He gave this Testimony about living with Parkinson's Disease to the US Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies about Parkinson's Disease Research and Treatment. 

Below is one approach to putting Parkinson's disease at bay. To my knowledge Michael J Fox does not have a deep brain stimulation device implanted in his brain.The company the has championed this solution is Medtronic.

This video shows how a patient is implanted with a brain pacemaker. First the patient is sedated slightly, but remains awake throughout the operation. In the first instance electrodes are placed in the brain. Usually between two and four electrodes are placed in specific areas of the thalamus. A patient can respond to the neurosurgeons questions. This provides the neurosurgeon with some assurance that the operation has been a success. Placing the electrodes in a particular location may mean the difference between the patient's suffering tremors or not, the patient being able to speak or not. Once the electrodes are put in place using the five bur holes as registration points in an image location the patient's head is sealed. About two weeks after that, a battery pack is implanted in the chest of the patient and hooked up to the electrodes. This part of the operation takes about two hours. After some time, the patient visits the neurologist turning on the DBS unit. The neurosurgeon begins with very low electrical pulses to the brain, so as to give themselves some room to experiment with settings over the coming months and year, ensuring that the patient does not receive an overstimulation of pulses leading to significant side-effects. Some patients describe the procedure working within days of the operation, there is other patients have described that it has taken about a year for them to feel significant change. Very few notes no change whatsoever.

Here is an explanation of how the deep brain stimulator actually works. Remember, the stimulation does not mean over exciting a particular area of the brain, but rather zapping it so as to stifling its "endless loop".

From a university hospital stakeholder perspective the following documentary follows a patient through a 2011 operation at St Louis. Every part of the procedure is explained in some detail, and the short documentary is effective in raising awareness of DBS.

The following clip contains first person testimonials of adopting Medtronic's DBS for Parkinson's disease.

The following video demonstrates how a DBS sufferer feels about his adoption of a deep brain stimulator. In the case of this video blog, it is clear that the devious recipient cannot live without his stimulator. For many people suffering from Parkinson's disease, despite that the DBS technology is still experimental and has the status of a humanitarian device exemption, some sufferers believe there is little choice but to adopt the technology given their current quality of life.

Over the last decade, while much attention has been given to conquering Parkinson's disease depending on someone's profile and age and prior medication taking history, attention has now also turned to whether or not the brain stimulators can work for things beyond movement disorders. For example can DBS help overcome issues related to major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety, and other potential brain diseases? Mayburg is one researcher who has been asking this question for two decades. Her researcher Emory University has been groundbreaking to some, and to others premature. It is worth watching in full, Mayburg's own presentations which have been filmed at various universities in Israel and Sweden. She has written numerous papers on her research. These papers that are peer-reviewed are accessible via University databases online. While the clinical trials have been in small-scale, Mayburg has focused her attention on the location in the brain called AL25. She believes that for some patients this is the part of the brain that needs intervention and yet, she admits that it is early days before any reasoning can be determined for this finding. The trials have demonstrated that some patients respond well to the treatment of the DBS for MDD, while other patients show no response, and some patients feel worse than before the implantation. It is everybody's hope that increasingly more evidence is provided for the type of person that can and cannot undergo the procedure and for whom it is effective and for whom it is not. Nobody wishes to see live trials go ahead in this space, that render somebody worse off than what they began with. We need to be careful with bioethical decisions that affect real human beings. And yet in other cases patients outcry when a procedure is made available in Europe for example, and is only approved by the Food and Drug Administration some two decades later. There is a trade-off between safety and risk.

Much has been discussed regarding early experimentation of providing feedback to the brain via external electrical pulses as were showcased in experiments conducted by José Delgado. In one experiment, he implanted a raging bull with radiofrequency and was able to remote control it to come to a standstill by stimulating its brain. In other cases, he placed monkeys in cages and expose them to varying levels of electromagnetics. He thought his experimentation proved that we could help the brain in some way by providing to it direct feedback. In that same documentary was noted that the former Soviet Union had spent 30 years experimenting with the brain and mentally disturbed patients.

Much has been recounted about the potential to use deep brain stimulation techniques in defence. In 2012 tender for research, DARPA requested support for the development of implantable is for post-traumatic stress disorder and also memory enhancement for its ex-servicemen and women, and everyone else. Some headway has been happening with regard to this area of research, and many are proposing the artificial intelligence also play a role in this assemblage.

What to make of DBS for therapeutics versus DBS for enhancement? Is there a plumb line to be drawn or is the division between the two types of applications dotted? Can one stop science? Will we continue to tinker with the most vital organ in the brain creating applications like we've never thought of previously? Two examples of devices that measure brainwaves and allow for sorts to communicate with digital devices are Emotiv and Interaxon (MUSE). Imagine the support for disabled who could think about pouring themselves a cup of water, or bringing a water bottle to sip through closer to them, and how liberating this might be? At the same time it is clear that we are getting closer to understanding the inner workings of the brain, despite that we are still in the nascent stages. The brain project and the brain initiative are both propelling us into grand findings, even greater than those of the human genome project. The question then becomes if we can figure out where there are ways to stimulate the brain to help those suffering from chronic disease, then might we be able to reverse engineer a perfectly normal brain to the depths of dystonia, tremors, movement and speech issues?

Important links: http://edition.cnn.com/2016/03/07/politics/pentagon-developing-brain-implants-cyborgs/index.html

One of the classic cartoons I grew up with was the Transformers, a Hasbro animation. In one episode, the ultimate doom part one, that the decepticons higher Prof Arceville, to implant Chip's father against his will so that he can be used by the dark forces, in a remote control fashion powered by the chip. 

The Ultimate Doom (Hasbro, 1984): http://tfwiki.net/wiki/The_Ultimate_Doom,_Part_1. Full episode here.

Big Ideas Festival @ UOW

Very excited about being the MC for this event along side Tony Okely.



See you there. For more visit here.

The UOW Big Ideas Festival is back!

Wednesday October 4th - 2017

The UOW Big Ideas Festival is a showcase of the University’s ground-breaking research from our outstanding researchers. This free event for the community will see some of UOW's newest Professors present an 8-10 minute talk on their big research idea - on the stage of the University Hall on the main campus of UOW. As well, there will be a special guest speaker: prominent environmentalist Professor Tim Flannery, interactive research stalls from key University research areas, and music and entertainment. 

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning as Emerging Technologies in Social and Environmental Impact

Brief: Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning as Emerging Technologies and their Potential for Positive (and Negative) Social and Environmental Impact


Date: Tuesday September 26 

Where: EnergyLab/UTS

Audience size:  100-150 in-person participants and an online audience of c. 3500 viewers. 

Speakers and Panellists

•  Dr. Katina Michael - School of Computing and Information Technology, University of Wollongong, Editor-in-chief IEEE Technology and Society Magazine editor-in-chief. Prof. Michael researches the socio-ethical implications of emerging technologies. 

• Dr Rachel Bunder - Data Scientist with Solar Analytics

• Philip Wright - Senior Advisor, The Ethics Centre. Focusing on ethical leadership and good decision making. Philip also practices as a psychoanalytically orientated Psychotherapist. 

• Franki Chamaki - COO/Founder, HIVERY a data science company leveraging artificial intelligence for business decision making, and Founding Director, Red Garage Ventures, a Coca-Cola backed startup developing high tech wellbeing and supply chain products.

• Prof. Gerardo Montoya - Educational Robotics Project and State Academy of Robotics, Universidad Tecnológica de Cancún, Mexico. Gerardo is a world champion robotics expert, educator and inventor. 

Basic Definitions

Artificial Intelligence: a branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behavior in computers. 2 :the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior. Source

Machine Learning: is an application of artificial intelligence (AI) that provides systems the ability to automatically learn and improve from experience without being explicitly programmed. Machine learning focuses on the development of computer programs that can access data and use it learn for themselves. Source

Deep Learning: (also known as deep structured learning or hierarchical learning) is part of a broader family of machine learning methods based on learning data representations, as opposed to task-specific algorithms. Learning can be supervised, partially supervised or unsupervised. Source

Big Data: extremely large data sets that may be analysed computationally to reveal patterns, trends, and associations, especially relating to human behaviour and interactions.

Crowdsourcing: the practice of obtaining information or input into a task or project by enlisting the services of a large number of people, either paid or unpaid, typically via the Internet.

Open Data Institute: (ODI) equip, connect and inspire people around the world to innovate with data. Source

Planetary skin: Institute (PSI) is a global non-profit research and development organization that aims to improve the lives of millions of people around the world. Source 

Collective Awareness: Platforms for Sustainability and Social Innovation (CAPS) initiative pioneers new models to create awareness of emerging sustainability challenges and of the role that each and every one of us can play to ease them through collective action.


Stimulus Materials

I have been asked to speak on the topic of artificial intelligence, machine learning, and big data as emerging technologies in the space of social and environmental impact. Without a doubt technology has a role to play in this critical space. However, as it has been shown time and time again changing human behaviour is not easy, and people tend to have a hope for change, but change requires effort.

For every new technological solution we introduce to make our world more sustainable, and to focus not only on conservation but also preservation, side-effects will exist. We need to get better at predicting what these are through scenario planning, better modelling, and making decisions through evidence.

Will the new technologies, find ways of placing increasing pressure on industries who cause externalities? The answer is a resounding yes. As penalties begin to increase on illegal emissions, and dumping practices, even of large-scale corporations especially in developing nations, more organisations will consider their corporate social responsibility. This does not mean that breaches will not occur, only that some organisations will become smarter at the game to save on costs, and others will commit to change. I often show my students excerpts of the documentary series, The Corporation, although I always suggest personal research investigation as an addendum to this screening.


On the flipside we're placing a great deal of emphasis on the IOT Internet of Things mantra. Everything from:

- surveilling our world through high-resolution imagery from satellites

- Geographic Information Systems that provide detailed data on land use and cross-sectional development in a spatial manner, allowing for the registration of spatial imagery with accurate vectorised maps

- to devices that are placed on dynamic assets such as vehicles to take ground-level photography with 360° views of the streetscape

- to wildlife and trees that are chipped for identification and tracking and monitoring purposes in the seas and the forests

- to homes that will soon house smart meters, an internal Internet of Things devices like smart thermostats, smoke detectors, even smart toilet rolls.

Ladies and gentlemen the last frontier will be to use all of these various autonomous data collection mechanisms, and then to place various sensors on luggable or wearable devices on the human being to examine how people interact with the world around them.

I have often said, we are living in the most exciting time, where technology can be used for good to help us, plan and organise our limited resources, seeking out new forms of renewable resources, that will provide for social securitisation into the longer term.

We can look at climate change reports, predictions of looming population pressures, the burgeoning potential crises that mega-cities will bring, food and clean water shortages, resource constraints and non-flexible economic policies set by governments that are looking at short-term time-frames till the next election rather than long-term resolutions. Greed remains our biggest problem, and the poverty cycle I studied when I was a teenager is still in full swing – the rich get richer and the poor get poorer.


If I paint a bleak picture it is because of related advancements, they are advancements for those who can afford progress, and images of e-waste in countries like Nepal and Bangladesh give me nightmares. Our dirty waste is a burden to the poor. So yes, we can introduce a whole new waive of IOT devices but they will merely become tomorrow's e-waste dumps. How do we learn eco-ways of living, how do we learn to recycle our waste, and how do we better dispose of our rubbish. We can continually come up with new upgrades for new things but they will just add to our dilemmas.

Search term on Google.com "eWaste" AND "Bangladesh"

Search term on Google.com "eWaste" AND "Bangladesh"

I underscore part of the solution is technological, and part of it is human. We must leverage the tools and platforms and services, together.

Where I think the greatest amount of innovation is possible is in bringing together business whose prime reason for existence is sustainability in one shape or form or another. This may have to do with packaging of products, getting businesses to work with one another in value chains and supply chains, accrediting companies with eco-ratings – choosing the most energy efficient means, than the cheapest potential supplier.

We need to make decisions for how we share resources, and collectively possibly even re-share our piece of the pie, within apartment blocks, our neighbourhoods, and even local government areas. Smart meters, no doubt, can provide us with a means to quantify our energy use, and bring it down, as energy tariffs increase worldwide. But let us not be misguided, these same mechanisms for quantifying usage will also help energy suppliers create innovative tariffs that may not always necessarily help individual dwellings/households. Money will always rule.

For now our greatest gains as a community who are interested in environmental impact has been the development of white goods that use less power, less water, and turn off when not in use. I give my full support to these kinds of appliances that bring gain in so many different ways. At the same time we have very cheap goods entering the market, and one begins to wonder what kind of social impact these goods have when they are being assembled by real people, let alone that their expected physical lifetime and planned obsolescence is measured in months, not even years.

Once upon a time, there were strict laws governing privacy, and trespass into residences. Today we seem to be inviting new connected devices to enter our homes, monitoring us and our things "for good", as opposed to structured surveillance. There is nothing wrong with placing hope in such devices but I challenge how much change will take place as a result of these, and how much more market manipulation and exploitation may occur in the longer term when the ha-bub about IOT dwindles away.

Amazon Alexa, Google's NEST, Google Home and a whole host of new services by our big ICT players will take human activity monitoring to a new level. And there are some very obvious examples where some tech like Google NEST may be critical- e.g. colder climates "on tops of mountains". See the following commercial.

On a larger scale we have companies like Cisco collaborating with NASA on Planetary Skin initiatives. I agree wholeheartedly, that knowing our planet better is the starting point to long-term sustainability. I am particularly in favour of early warning systems that help us to respond to large-scale natural disasters – tsunamis, hurricanes, tornadoes, torrential flooding, earthquakes, to name but a few. Reducing citizen vulnerability in natural or human made disasters is a step in the right direction. But technology solutions also add new vulnerabilities to end users when they fail or are built without commensurate robust design. As we continue to emphasise SCADA systems almost completely machine operated to overcome human error, tens of millions of people for individual systems will become vulnerable to technology configurations. We will need to be prepared for when systems fail and reduce technological exposures through life cycle processes.

A major contribution will be in utilising the advancements in camera technology, storage space, CPU processing speeds to ensure species, animal and plant life, do not become extinct. In creating automatic resource allocation (human or otherwise) that will help us organise and assemble ourselves better in response to a critical event. Much of these new initiatives will take trust building exercises, in which humans offer their skill sets to volunteer in a wide variety of efforts. We will also need to be speaking the same language globally, so protocols and standards are becoming increasingly vital. But at which point do we declare we are doing more harm than good? Look at these transmitters being placed in fish? Yes, it helps us to know the species better, yes it helps us to know when illegal fishing is happening, and yes, it tells us more about the long-term sustainability of the fish species-- but what is it doing to the animal itself?

One thing is for certain, that in our quest for sustainability of the environment, we do not limit our freedoms as human beings. In the future we may be paying for the very air we breathe through a variety of taxes, but we need to build systems of living that are equitable. Until this happens, exploitation will continue, whether it is right under our noses here in Australia, or in developing nations in parts of Africa, Asia or South America. 

And the worst case scenario? Ok, I couldn't help myself... LOL! But seriously now, let's hope we get to somewhere in the middle-- a central point. We know utopia is impossible (whether machines or people are the decision makers), but the dystopia while possible seem implausible as well. What will that centrist view look like? And that's up to us! How much are we willing to trust people, systems, corporations, governments? And how much are they willing to help us, trust them?

Some important background links:

"Somehow my gut feeling is that no matter how much sustainability is important to Page, other factors like interest in the Internet of Things, his appreciation of Tony Fadell’s work, or his priorities (design and products with daily utility) got him to give this deal a green light, not sustainability."





The event is part of The Greenhouse Project, and event series collaboration hosted by WWF Australia, EnergyLab/UTS and Greenups.

The aim of the series is help to foster of community of interest around the intersection of Technology, Innovation and the Environmental and Social Impact space, with the intention of supporting new partnerships and connections between the traditional NGO/environmental groups and the tech/startup community.  

The series is half way through, and so far themes covered include smart cities and IoTVirtual Reality and Augmented Realityblockchain and distributed computing, and later in the year we’ll investigate electric and autonomous vehicles.

The series will conclude with a hackathon/designathon November aimed at developing some of the ideas that have germinated through the series, with funding and accelerator support available for any successful hackathon projects.


6:00 pm: Doors open, drinks and nibbles available.

6:45 pm: Welcome.

6:50 pm: Introductory Keynote by Prof. Katina Michael.

7:05 pm: moderated panel discussion and Q&A with the audience

- Katina Michael (UOW), Philip Wright (Ethics Centre), 2 others TBA

8.00 pm: Continue the discussion over drinks.

9.00 pm: Event concludes

The evening will begin with a half hour of mingling and networking. At 6:30pm the talks programme will begin with a keynote from Prof. Katina Michael. 


EnergyLab - Building 25, 4-12 Buckland St, Chippendale, NSW 2008

EnergyLab UTS, Sydney, Australia

EnergyLab UTS, Sydney, Australia


Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning. Is it Planet Saving Tech?

Depending on your framing, the coming age of Artificial Intelligence is either the panacea to all the worlds drudgery or heralds the arrival of our robot overloads and ultimate annihilation.

The truth is clearly somewhere in between, and depends a lot on a careful definition of terms, but either way the arrival of Artificial Intelligence and it’s subordinate cousins Machine & Deep Learning, presents a seismic shift and one which demands our immediate and focused attention.

Artificial Intelligence is here and it’s already doing interesting things, from influencing your Facebook feed to influencing US elections, from predicting your text messages to predicting where extreme weather events will hit, from recognising your voice to recognising endangered tigers.

And that’s just single purpose AI, stuff gets real when we begin to join a few of these ‘intelligences’ together, and Artificial General Intelligence emerges. AGI is still the realm if sci-fi, but for how long and what are the implications?

For the next Greenhouses evening we’ve approached a range of academics and thought-leaders to help us explore this fascinating topic, and help guide us as we decide how we can shape Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in to Planet Saving Technologies.


Ideally the keynote would introduce the concepts of AI, Big Data and Machine Learning, give a bit of the history and the state of the art. but also contextualise the technologies in terms of practical applications, both real world and coming soon, and present some of the social and environmental implications, opportunities and risks.

Time: 10mins


Notes by Benjamin Ward from GreenUps


The purpose of the series is to build a community of interest around the intersection of Technology, Innovation and the Environmental and Social Impact space, with the aim of cultivating new partnerships and connections between the traditional NGO/environmental groups and the tech/startup community.

The series will conclude with a hackathon/designathon November aimed at developing some of the ideas that have germinated through the series, with funding and accelerator support available for any successful hackathon projects.

Photo by Rachel Bunder (a co-presenter at this great event, and brilliant UOW alumni)

Photo by Rachel Bunder (a co-presenter at this great event, and brilliant UOW alumni)

Photo by Sandy Tsui of WWF

Photo by Sandy Tsui of WWF

Innovating at Speed – What are the Road Signs?


Thriving and surviving the 4th Industrial Revolution

The innovation agenda has failed to impress disgruntled voters. Yet technological disruption appears to be gaining pace as it transforms the business landscape. As well as dealing with the competitive threats, how can Australian government and business exploit the opportunities this fourth industrial revolution throws up?

Discussing the policy framework for transforming Australia’s innovation agenda during this unique and unprecedented time, the summit examines how organisations from the blue chip to the start-up are grappling with formulating, implementing and measuring the success of their innovation initiatives to embrace these opportunities fully. The two-day summit will look closely at policy settings, systems and values that can better serve Australians as we ride the technological wave. It will also provide a platform to discuss ethical issues, values and legislating and regulating emerging technologies such as the internet of things (IoT) , artificial intelligence/machine learning and much more. The summit will highlight Australian initiatives that truly make us world leaders whilst investigating the pathways to success, inspiring Australians to embrace a global market and competition at an opportune time.

More here


Dr Simon Longstaff AO, Executive Director, The Ethics Centre

Professor Katina Michael, School of Computing and Information Technology, The University of Wollongong

Meow-Ludo Meow-Meow, Co-Founder & Executive Director, Biofoundry

Abdullahi Alim, Head of Practice, Lighthouse Strategies

Christine Owenelle, Purpose Economist, Advisor and Strategist, Owenelle Global Consultancy

Jason Bender, Partner, Head of Innovation, Deloitte Australia

  • What role does technology play in democracy?
  • What is the social contract of technology?
  • Where do we draw the line on human rights in relation to cognitive liberty, mental privacy and mental integrity?
  • Why empathy and ethics will play a far more important role in innovation

Feedback from panel here: https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6316111305073917952

Veronique photo.jpeg

Citation: Longstaff, Michael, Meow-Meow, Alim, Owenell and Bender in AFR Innovation Summit 19-20 September 2017 https://www.informa.com.au/event/afr-innovation-summit/

Who's Attending:

  • Advanced Manufacuting Growth Centre (AGMC)
  • Altus Traffic
  • AOFM
  • ARC Centre of Excellence for Quantum Computation & Communication, UNSW Sydney
  • Asurion LLC
  • Atlassian
  • Australian Academy of Technology & Engineering
  • Australian CleanTech
  • Australian Private Equity & Venture Capital Association Ltd
  • Australian Taxation Office
  • Baillieu Holst
  • BCAL Diagnostics Pty Ltd
  • BioFoundry
  • Blackbird Ventures
  • Boeing Australia & New Zealand
  • British High Commission
  • Burnet Institute
  • Challenger Limited
  • Chase Consulting
  • Chatsworth Associates
  • Cicada Innovations
  • Cook Medical
  • Crazy Might Work
  • Crescent Wealth
  • CSBP Ltd
  • Deakin University
  • Deloitte
  • Deloitte Australia
  • Department of Industry
  • Department of Industry Innovation
  • Department of Industry, Innovation & Science
  • Dept of Industry, Innovation & Science
  • Dept of the Attorney- General & Justice
  • DSITI- Queensland Government
  • EBL Disability Services
  • Edison Group
  • Elabor8
  • Energy QLD
  • Energy Queensland
  • Fairfax Media
  • Flamingo
  • F-OFF: Fear of Failure Forum
  • Foley Durham
  • Food Innovation Australia Ltd
  • Freelancer.com
  • Future Fund
  • Garvan Institute of Medical Research
  • Gretals Australia PTY LTD
  • Gumtree
  • Hatch
  • IAG
  • Ideapod
  • Innovation & Science Australia
  • Innovation and Science Australia
  • Innovative Manufacturing CRC
  • Institute of Public Accountants
  • Intent Global Pty Ltd
  • Inventium
  • Job Capital
  • Johnson and Johnson Innovation
  • King & Wood Mallesons
  • Laing O’Rourke
  • Landgate
  • Lendlease
  • Lighthouse Strategies
  • Magnify Innovation
  • Marubeni Australia Limited
  • METS Ignited
  • Monash University
  • MTPConnect
  • MYOB
  • MyPass Global
  • NAB
  • NATSPEC Construction Information
  • NERA
  • Norths
  • Novartis Pharmaceuticals Australia
  • Office of National Assessments
  • Ogilvy Public Relations
  • Oil Search Ltd
  • Owenell Global Consultancy
  • Pathfinder Consulting Group Pty Ltd
  • Powershop Australia & Meridian Energy Australia
  • PresCare
  • QxBranch
  • Rasmax Consultants
  • Refraction Media
  • Replenish Earth
  • Richard A Bobb Chartered Accountants
  • Rural Industries RDC Charles Sturt University
  • SHAVIK Smarter Integrated Software
  • Singularity University
  • Sprout X
  • Standards Australia
  • Stanley and Co.
  • Stockpot
  • Stone & Chalk
  • Suncorp
  • Sydney School of Entrepreneuship
  • TechInSA
  • Telstra
  • Terem Technologies
  • The Australian Financial Review
  • The Ethics Centre
  • The University of Melbourne
  • The University of Technology
  • Universities Australia
  • University of Adelaide
  • University of Wollongong
  • UTS
  • Western Sydney University
  • Wrays
  • Zenda Life Foods
  • Ziva