Historical Review of Microchipping People for Non-Medical Applications (1997-2017)

Preamble: I was asked by U3A in Frenchs Forest, NSW, to give a talk on my reference book, co-authored with MG Michael, titled: Innovative Automatic Identification and Location-Based Services: From Bar Codes to Chip Implants. Although the book took some six years to complete, and was published in 2009, it still holds relevance to the use cases that are being implemented worldwide regarding humancentric microchip implants. I am very appreciative of the opportunity to speak for two hours on aspects of the book. I hope to focus on 20 years of micro-chipping people for non-medical applications from 1997 to 2007. Much has happened since the early demonstrations of implantables that have nothing to do with prosthesis. But for those who have been observing the developments over time, the quandary between microchip in humans for medical and non-medical reasons is closing. Recently I came across one story, which rightly described the ability for a cochlear implant, to deliver entertainment services straight to somebody's hearing. Taken a little further, we can all speculate, that other members of society might well adopt technologies of this kind, for the sheer convenience of not having to carry headphones, or possibly even telephones in the future.

Abstract: For 20 years people have been experimenting with the possibility of inviting technology into the human body for non-medical applications. We have seen artists, academics, corporate environments, law enforcement, and even government agencies, consider the possibility of implanting people for a variety of applications. These include everything from demonstrative purposes, to identity schemes, to location enablement and determination, to interactive services, for epayment, for passwords and logon to technology services, for patronage, to VIPs and security personnel, biohackers, for transit and ticketing, and so much more. From our research, there are three major reasons why people have proposed implants: for convenience care and control, and for tagging tracking and tracing functionality. This talk will be a historical overview of some of these prominent use cases. Katina will present a mixture of audiovisual materials in which she will begin a discussion with audience members about future applications.

Biography: Katina Michael is a professor in the School of computing and information technology at the University of Wollongong. She is the editor in chief of IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, and senior editor of IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine. She has been researching the technological trajectory of microchipping humans for non-medical applications with fellow collaborator MG Michael, for over 20 years. Michael and Michael have edited and co-authored numerous books and guest edited special issues on the theme of emerging technologies, among them IEEE Potentials on the theme of "Unintended Consequences of Technology" with Ramona Pringle of Ryerson University. Be sure to check out a second large corpus of research with over 40 academic contributors in the book titled: Uberveillance and the Social Implications of microchip implants: emerging technologies.