Wearable and Implantables Panel at IEEE Life Sciences Conference 2017

IEEE Life Sciences Conference

Title of Panel: From Wearables to Implantables that Measure and Enhance Human Behaviour: What can we do already? And where are we headed?

Estimated Time: 1 hour

Structure: Each panellist will have 10 minutes to present their case. The moderator will then spent 20 minutes in discussion. Finally, the audience will be invited to ask questions for 10 minutes of each participant.

11am-12pm Thursday (14 Dec)

 

Moderator: Katina Michael

Biography: Katina Michael is a professor in the Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences at the University of Wollongong. She is Editor in Chief of IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, and Senior Editor of IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine. Katina has previously served as a representative of Consumers Federation of Australia between 2010 and 2016. She has been researching the socio-ethical implications of biomedical devices over the last 20 years.

BrainCo http://www.brainco.tech

BrainCo http://www.brainco.tech

Panelist 1: Dr Roba Abbas

Dr Roba Abbas

Dr Roba Abbas

Dr Roba Abbas is an Honorary Fellow and Researcher with the Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences (EIS) at the University of Wollongong, Australia, and is the Associate Editor (Administrator) for the IEEE Technology and Society Magazine. She has lectured in subjects such as Organisational Issues and Information Technology, and currently Engineering Design and Management. Roba completed her Australian Research Council (ARC)-funded Doctor of Philosophy on the topic of Location-Based Services (LBS) Regulation in 2012, earning special commendations for her thesis titled Location-Based Services Regulation in Australia: A Socio-Technical Approach. She has a strong interest in socio-technical theory, and location-enabled technologies including wearables, and has written numerous papers for journals such as the Computer Law and Security Review, and Information Technology and People. Roba also has extensive industry experience in product management, enterprise information architecture, and systems analysis and design.

 

 

 

 

 

Panelist 2: Mr Meow Meow

Mr Meow Meow

Mr Meow Meow

Meow is the founder of BioFoundry Inc Australia. He is a citizen scientist whose lab dabbles in wearable and implantable technology among other biohacking applications. His website is http://foundry.bio/. He has been featured in Bloomberg’s Hello World documentary in 2016. He was also the first person to implant and Opal card NFC device into his hand. He is a molecular biologist by qualifications and training.

 

 

 

 

 

Panelist 3: Ms Shanti Korporaal

Ms Shanti Korporaal

Ms Shanti Korporaal

Shanti Korporaal is a Futurist, Serial Entrepreneur, Speaker, Facilitator, Whisky Chick and most of all, lives for Lightbulb moments. With her husband, Skeeve Stevens, she runs eight businesses with offices in two countries - Australia and Cambodia. In life and in business they make a great team, Skeeve is the visionary and ideas and Shanti is the practical tactical, implementer. She is co-founder and Director of Future Sumo, VR the World, Chip My Life, Niisch, eintellego Networks, eintellego Networks (Cambodia) and Elastic Venues (Cambodia). All of her companies are about empowering her clients to grow and flourish in their own businesses or department.

Conference Link: http://lsc.ieee.org/2017/

The Dismal State of Persuasive Tech

"Persuasive Technology (PT) is a vibrant interdisciplinary research field, focusing on the design, development and evaluation of interactive technologies aimed at changing users' attitudes or behaviors through persuasion and social influence, but not through coercion or deception." Source: http://persuasive2016.org/
 

Standford University described persuasive technology as captology- literally the ability to persuade using digital technology. We can ponder about the many varied applications of persuasive technology when we think about exercise and rehabilitation. Here we have a mechanism by which to persuade and motivate the end user towards positive behaviour toward wellness. Yet, persuasive technology, has been embedded into algorithms, since the inception of Pong. Sadly, whether knowingly or unknowingly, programmers have created stickiness drivers within video games to ensure not only repeat visits, but longer periods of time in front of the console, with the hope of getting the end user to conduct in-game purchases. This is indeed persuasive tech turned ugly. To a degree, it is propelling an end-user toward addictive behaviour. Big data can now determine, which types of people are more liable to be persuaded by certain rewards as opposed to others, and these are instituted particularly in massively multiplayer online games (MMOG).

We see thus, that there is a fine line between the positive and negative applications of persuasive technology. It does not help, that there are now so many different sensors, embedded in so many different devices, ensuring ubiquitous connectivity. For the person, for whom digital technology is a means of recovery, ubiquity is powerful and beneficial. But for the person who is hyper-connected ubiquitous technology may well mean a life destined without an ability to disconnect. For the greater part, we are relying on technology to tell us what to do, and in essence we are losing our intuition to make judgments and decisions.

When used correctly, persuasive technology can empower and build intuition. But one need only observe wearers of Fitbits, to quickly ascertain that these digital technologies somehow manage to dumb the senses, despite they are packed with sensors. It is a paradox. The more quantitative data we have streaming from so many different on-board sensors, the less our ability to make sense of it in every day contexts. We rely on dumb apps, to give us smart advice. Indicative however of this techno generational crisis, is the poor logic behind apps built for mobile devices, being embraced for use in large workforces, like university campuses across the world.

One such example was a recent well-being, pedometer-based tracker, the Virgin Pulse Global Challenge that was meant to encourage staff of the University of Wollongong to get moving. I had the option to enter in the number of steps I had completed manually, or to sync an android app, using Samsung health. For one reason or another, 100 days came and went, and neither did I enter the data manually, nor had I synced my phone. Of course, constant reminders telling me I should get moving and that I should enter my steps manually, which rather than encouraging me made me feel somewhat negative, despite that I was moving around. At the conclusion, of the observation period, instead of receiving a qualitative message commensurate to what the app believed I had achieved during this time, I was greeted by an auto email, that noted: "Congratulations you have done 0 steps" and "You have 99 missed step entries" and "watch your celebration video". Needless to say, I found this all a little patronising.

On the flipside, my concern, for persuasive tech that actually works, is that it is likely to know an end users behaviour even more precisely than the end user. The privacy of this data that has been collected for one purpose is paramount. In the future hackers will not only be after logins and passwords, credit card numbers and PINS, but behavioural biometric data which dictates someone's levels of empathy, neuroticism, propensity to purchase/impulsivity, anger levels, sociability, and much much more. How do companies build trust, around the collection of biometric data and how do users learn to trust systems and health providers with the very information that may enhance their life.
 

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The Internet of Us: RADCOMM2017

I will be one of the keynote speakers of this event. I appreciate the invitation from RADCOMMS17 committee and extend thanks to the ACMA whom have been a target audience of our previous research.

Title: The Internet of Us

Abstract: Microchipping humans was once the stuff of science fiction but today we seem to be more than just dabbling in our dreams. For some fusing technology with the flesh will herald in an unforeseen utopia, and yet for others embedded sensors ‘under the skin’ is a clear marker of a dystopic future. What are the social implications of opting in or opting out to such a cyborgian vision? What are the unintended consequences of becoming an electrophorus? And what are the opportunity costs of not doing so? This presentation will describe where humans fit into The Internet of Things equation, and how we might be propelling ourselves toward an Internet of Us before too long. Welcome to uberveillance, where you too, might well be considered a node on a 5G network. It’s time to talk about the sociotechnical implications of humancentric embedded non-medical telecommunications devices that can be injected or even swallowed.

Biography: Katina Michael is a Professor in the Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences at the University of Wollongong. She has a PhD in automatic identification innovation, a Masters in Transnational Crime Prevention and a Bachelors of Information Technology. She started out her career as a Graduate Engineer for Nortel Networks in 1996 and stayed with the company for six years working in pre-sales engineering throughout Asia and North America. In academia, Katina has authored seven books, guest edited 12 special journal issues, and written over a hundred peer reviewed papers. In 2008, Katina was successful in attaining a significant Australian Research Council grant on the topic of Location Based Services and Telecommunications Policy in Australia and has been researching the social implications of emerging technologies for twenty years. Katina is Editor in Chief of IEEE Technology and Society Magazine and a Senior Editor of IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine.

Full program available here

Robots for Aged Care: Socio-ethical Issues

Abstract: This presentation will consider several use cases for robots in aged care. The audience will participate in raising socio-ethical issues of concern. These may be positions for robots to be used in aged care, or against robot use in aged care. For example, can robots help the elderly get out of bed, and get dressed? Might they make good companions to stave off loneliness or depression? Or might robots motivate the aged toward reaching news levels of fitness, instructing them in daily light aerobic activity? This presentation will discuss what we imagine robots to look like, whether or not robots are welcome by the ageing population, and what some of the risks might be if robots are considered a replacement for skilled people.

Biography: Professor Katina Michael is in the Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences at the University of Wollongong, Australia. She is presently the IEEE Technology and Society Magazine Editor in Chief, and the Senior Editor of IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine. She researches the socio-ethical implications of emerging technologies. She has several special issues calling for papers presently on themes related to ethical robots, machine ethics, and ethically-designed robots.

Source: http://www.roboticstrends.com/article/japan_to_create_more_user_friendly_elderly_care_robots/

Source: http://www.roboticstrends.com/article/japan_to_create_more_user_friendly_elderly_care_robots/

About U3A

U3A (the University of the Third Age) Started in the universities of France in the 1970's. It has now spread throughout many countries around the world. It has become a community centred organisation, where people in their “third age” (active or semi-retirement, after childhood and employment) from all walks of life, get together to teach and learn from each other, in a friendly social atmosphere.

Research has shown that as we get older, it is important to maintain our physical and mental health, and that mental stimulation and social interaction contribute to positive ageing and wellbeing.

U3A Northern Illawarra is located in Thirroul, in the northern suburbs of Wollongong. It offers a range of activities throughout the weeks of school terms.

Our talks are held on a Wednesdays with the first speaker commencing at 9.30 am. There is a break for morning tea at 10.30 am with the 2nd speaker commencing at 11.00 am. There are a number of special interest groups held throughout the week at other times and days.

Venue: Excelsior Hall, Thirroul Library & Community Centre, 352 Lawrence Hargrave Drive, Thirroul.

Date:  Wednesday- 18/10/17 – Robots of aged care services: Socio Ethical issues.

Time:   9.30 am for 45 minutes (includes presentation and questions).

Banking Innovation: Self-authentication – is it possible and plausible?

INSIGHTS

Self authentication – is it possible or plausible?

— Identification is changing rapidly today with the use of biometrics to facial recognition and other invasive technologies. We will explore if self-authentication is not only possible today but is it secure and safe?

Professor Katina Michael, School of Computing and Information Technology, University of Wollongong

Here, I will explore the whole idea of "self-authentication" which includes Biometrics, Facial Recognition, Microchip Implants and other sensory technology that banks are using and exploring. The session will explore the possibilities, and whether or not these possibilities are safe, secure and also ethical. Are they violating our privacy in ways we could never understand, inclusive of both intended and unintended consequences. Bitcoin and blockchain will come into the discussion.

Biography: Katina Michael is a professor in the School of Computing and Information Technology at the University of Wollongong, Australia. She has been studying the technological trajectory of consumer-facing banking technologies since 1996. She holds a BIT, Masters of Transnational Crime Prevention and PhD in automatic identification innovation. Katina is the IEEE Technology and Society Magazine editor in chief and senior editor of IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine. She has written numerous books, among them a co-authored reference volume titled: "Innovative Automatic Identification and Location-Based Services: From Bar Codes to Chip Implants".

11th October, 2017

Radisson Blu Hotel, Sponsored by Ovum

Keynote Address: 12.45-1.15 pm

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Participant Comments (LinkedIn, dated 11 October 2017):

Sri AnnaswamyKatina Michael - brilliant session on the dangers of potential reliance on biometrics, image recognition and behavioral analytics

Glenn Stafford: As a wise group head of compliance once told me " if my password is compromised I can change it! If my thumbprint is compromised what do I do, plastic surgery?"

Here Come the Startups IGCC2017 Summit

All of this technology, that is emerging in the energy sector, is empowering the consumer to make decisions based on various values– this could be economic for a particular household, a way of life that is particularly green, or a multiplicity of thresholds more to do with equity and social e-inclusion towards collective awareness. If I have and my neighbour does not I can share my slice of the pie, if I so choose.

While all of this sounds particularly cool and snazzy, the connected home, automation and voice activated environments, smart metering, and redistribution, deep down we need to think about the steps we are taking forward and why and how this data will be used for and against us. On the one hand, people who can afford it are bursting to technify further their lives- they cannot get enough. I spent hours yesterday listening to people who I would consider DIYers, video blogging their Internet of things home. The story goes something like this: my Google nest’s connected to my Google home, my Google home’s connected to my Philips Hue, my Philips hue's connected to my Amazon echo, Dem Internet of Things, of Things, Of Things.

It seems ladies and gentlemen, some of us cannot get enough. I do get the massive revolution that will occur and IS occurring, making homes more energy efficient when consumers can make decisions about their energy use based on their own data in the form of a dashboard. But the truth of the matter is while we are going to some very smart solutions, LED-based lighting which uses so much less power than our conventional lightbulbs, you need to think about how many of these sensors – lighting, audio, image, temperature, among many others, will proliferate into everyday disposable objects. What will happen to these products? They find themselves in another e-waste land somewhere in Asia or South America or Africa? I personally do not see the point to having 60 million colours being able to transform with mood, ambience, music tone, and context. But we seem to be distracted by what I call the illusion of choice. The V blogs I was referring to, demonstrate the time wasted, and energy wasted both power and human energy, and figuring out combinations of things. It seems we are being distracted by the possibilities and not by the end goal.

To say this in another way I’ve been pondering how we are so preoccupied with the data and making sure we monitor human activities to determine context that we are missing the point. Energy efficiency has been proven not so much to come from changes in human behaviour which are very difficult to enact because of limited rewards and the novelty effect, but from better engineering design in white goods and other tools, especially in industry, that bring down energy usage on a larger scale. We need to think about this when we do place our faith in industrial robotics that can indeed run for 24×7×365 days a year. But what about the economic cost and the cost of maintenance? Are we simply shifting human labour operational costs, to the completely automated factory?

Perhaps what I am alluding here to is the potential to fall into the crisis, and Cambridge University has a research group dedicated to catastrophic risk – to fall into the crisis that we are actually trying to get a grasp of through various means. So I disburse sensors everywhere in a bid to get feedback and to have a pulse on what is going on right down to the grassroots level, for instance I even chip trees and fauna, but in so attempting to quantify absolutely everything before us we are forgetting to qualify what is going on. Put in other terms here are wrestling with climate change issues, when most of us see climate change happening every single day of our life. If we’re not careful, we will one day come out with that beautiful spreadsheet, those nice curves, about specific details on climate change and how they are affecting our planet but by that time it may well be too late because we are in that catastrophic period and things start to become a little more difficult – and what I am alluding to here are things that have been well studied by scholars in the field, including population change, fisheries and access to grains, clean drinking water and so much more.

Ladies and gentlemen we cannot eat technology but we can eat seeds as they grow and become something we can consume. We cannot drink silicon, but we can drink clean water. For the time being a great number of our global population is dying very young because they do not have access to pure water. I reflect back to studying this phenomena in high school but while wage rates have improved in developing nations, I can say we have only made minimal improvements when we describe things like access to water. So to be guiding you today as a technologist, down a path of investing in technology alone, well, that would be very shortsighted of me. I would invest in very basic needs for human survival, albeit in the seed industry and in clean water or at least in wastewater recycling methods and even somehow extracting phosphorus from waste. These are just a couple of examples I describe. And if you do not believe me as a layperson in the field of finance, then perhaps you could listen to some of the directions advised by technologists like Bill Gates. This does not mean we abandon technology, obviously not, but we need to find a balance.

One thing is for certain, having lived through and worked through one of the most rapid periods of change, and I might add change is ever more rapid, we also need to do something about this notion we call planned obsolescence. It is great to have new ideas, it is great to have kickstart a funding, it is great to be the next Google, but with these discoveries comes to social responsibility. The mantra do no evil or do no harm is no longer one that is openly disclosed by organisations, because they cannot promise in any event and with any certainty that their production will do no evil and will do no harm. Our environment is bleeding, whether through human made disaster knowing or a knowing or through acts of God, or calculated greed-- we need to personally enact change in our own lives but also ensure that we are traversing down the path of renewal and sustainability. What I don’t want to see is this topic future where smart metering means that energy providers can act to manipulate consumers in even more pervasive manner, where variable pricing means no one is better off anyway, and tariffs are set in a way with service providers can only win win. This is again propelling a generation, an all-you-can-eat generation, and one that just can’t see the signs had.

 

“When you see a cloud rising in the west, immediately you say, ‘It’s going to rain,’ and it does. 55 And when the south wind blows, you say, ‘It’s going to be hot,’ and it is. 56 Hypocrites! You know how to interpret the appearance of the earth and the sky. How is it that you don’t know how to interpret this present time? (Luke 12:54-56)

 

I do like DARPA’s Near Zero Power RF and Sensor Operations (N-ZERO) program that has been working to overcome the power limitations of persistent sensing by developing wireless, event-driven sensing capabilities that would allow physical, electromagnetic and other sensors to remain dormant—effectively asleep yet aware—until an event of interest awakens them. To achieve these goals, the program intends to develop underlying technologies to continuously and passively monitor the environment and activate an electronic circuit only upon detection of a specific signature, such as the presence of a particular vehicle type or radio communications protocol. N-ZERO seeks to exploit the energy in signal signatures to detect and recognize attention-worthy events while rejecting noise and interference. Source

But we must be cognizant that such N-ZERO initiatives are also potential intrusions into human behaviours, that until now have been private. Ladies in gentleman it is the first time in human history that we are inviting third parties into our homes to monitor what we do, and to listen to our home conversations. Trust has never been more important in governments, in service providers, and even in ourselves to do the right thing. Deep down for me personally this becomes a human rights issue. How can we go forward knowing what we must do is essential for our environment and the longer term survival of our planet with the risks that we face individually and collectively? I would encourage investment in green computing and clean computing. And this is not just at the lightbulb level but all the way back to the core and edge of the network architecture and evil even the ripple effect requirements of data storage in containers, racks and buildings. Perhaps a topic we can discuss throughout the day, thank you.

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IGCC are holding their biennial Climate Change Investment and Finance Summit, taking place on 9th -10th October 2017 in Melbourne.

Session: “Here come the startups", 9.10am - 10.00am on Day 2 of the Summit, 10th October 2017 - focussed around Start-ups and technology.

The Start-up session will be moderated by Alan Kohler.  Others in the session: Philip Livingston, Redback Technologies and Jessica Ellerm, Zuper. 

Each participant will give a 5 min short introductory presentation with Redback and Zuper, who they are and what their start-up aims to achieve in terms of assisting solve the current climate and energy puzzle. 

Over 10 minutes I will discuss:

- Using technology to tackle social and environmental issues

- The governance and ethics of technology (potential unintended consequences of trying to solve the climate and sustainability crisis with technology)

- hyper-consumerism of personal technologies vs the need for responsible supply chain management and stewardship

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- the potential disruptive nature of technology start-ups vs the things we need to hold on to.

The panel discussion will be moderated by well-known finance journalist Alan Kohler of ABC and the Eureka Report.

Secondary Links:

https://www.silabs.com/whitepapers/battery-life-in-connected-wireless-iot-devices

https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2017/06/darpa-making-progress-to-reducing-power-usage-in-iot-sensors-by-1000-times.html

https://www.darpa.mil/news-events/2015-04-13

Photographs from the Event:

Deep Brain Stimulation for Therapeutics: What is the prognosis?

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Abstract: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) techniques for therapeutics were introduced in France in 1987. Since their inception a great deal of ongoing research has shed light into the potential applications of DBS to give people suffering from dystonia, Parkinson’s Disease, Tourette’s Syndrome, and Major Depressive Disorder, a chance at a better quality of life. In some cases, the DBS can be used to treat patients without the need for additional drugs that may carry a variety of side effects for individuals. More recently, DBS is also being considered for its potential to be used to put at bay Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), persons suffering overly from anxiety, among other applications. DBS requires biomedical engineers to work closely together with medical specialists and surgeons in the development of appropriate technology. DBS is not a cure, rather two electrodes (in the case of a bilateral implantation) are implanted in the brain (e.g. ventrointermediate nucleus (VIM) of the thalamus, globus pallidus internus or the subthalamic nucleus) and electric impulses sent to fend off overactivity. E.g. in the case of a patient who tremors, the stimulation helps them to stop tremoring by “zapping” that part of the brain responsible for the tremors. It follows then, for the patient who is feeling major depressive thoughts, the stimulation may help reduce periods of darkness. This is particularly the hope for those suffering from mental illness who seem to be drug resistant. Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) acts in a similar way but instead of being embedded in the brain, the electrodes are placed in the vagus nerve, which is responsible for sending the mild pulses of electrical energy. A VNS sends continuous stimulation periodically, and is mainly used in those who suffer from epilepsy. There is now growing evidence to suggest that both DBS and VNS are having a positive impact on patients, but for some it has been proven to have no effect, or even a negative effect.

As the brain pacemaker industry becomes a multi-billion dollar industry, patient safety issues have entered the spotlight. The potential for infection, defective devices, devices that are misprogrammed, or even cyberhacking have received increasing attention. Some patients are now raising concerns about manufacturer discussions that devices should be linked to the Internet and what this might mean in the context of electromagnetic interference and the potential impact not only to render stimulators inoperable but the impact on the brain itself. Others hypothesise that if you can make corrections through stimulators, then you can also create problems with stimulators. How long might it be before DBS becomes a general purpose product possibly marketed for memory enhancement or use in defence contexts?

Biography: Katina Michael is a professor in the Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences at the University of Wollongong. She has been researching both deep brain stimulation and vagus nerve stimulation from a patient perspective for the last 20 years. She is particularly interested in the social implications of emerging technologies in national security.

Link: http://www.katinamichael.com/seminars/2017/10/9/deep-brain-stimulation-for-therapeutics-what-is-the-prognosis

Contact: Nev Stephenson

Probus Nowra Committee

Probus Nowra Committee

Probus Nowra Members @ my talk on DBS

Probus Nowra Members @ my talk on DBS

Probus Group: Shoalhaven

Parkinson’s is a progressive neurological condition that affects people from all walks of life. It is quite common, with approximately 70,000 Australians living with Parkinson’s.
The average age of diagnosis is 65 years, however younger people can be diagnosed with Parkinson’s too. This is referred to as Young Onset Parkinson’s.
It is not easy to diagnose Parkinson’s. There are no laboratory tests (such as a blood test or brain scan), so it is important that the diagnosis is made by a specialist, such as a neurologist. The specialist will examine for any physical signs of Parkinson’s and take a detailed history of symptoms. 

I remember my first confrontation with Parkinson's disease. I was on the inner city bus 394 bound for Maroubra, New South Wales. A young man boarded the bus struggling to get his then Metro pass into the magnetic stripe reader. The bus driver got out of his seat and helped the man by pushing his hand into the reader device at the front. The man was tremoring so much that is the bus left the curb he found it difficult to set and so just placed his body against the rails in the mid-part of the bus. On witnessing this I felt uncomfortable but quickly realised this man was suffering from a debilitating condition. Almost simultaneously as the man pressed the exit button to signal that he would get off the bus, an older gentleman got up and started to motion that he was in a boxing style match exclaiming to the young man: "you lot should be ashamed! How do you border bus either having consumed alcohol or abuse drugs!" As the young man tried to defend himself and get off the bus he exclaimed: "it's called Parkinson's disease, you idiot." I felt very sad for the young man, who had obviously been misunderstood so often but had bravely boarded a bus in full view of his condition. He was dressed in an old pair of jeans, and a white T-shirt that was loosefitting. The older man who wanted to pick a fight was wearing a suit, and allegedly protecting his elderly wife. There are some scenes that never leave you… And from which you learn profound lessons. Never to judge another because you have no idea what they are going through.

It was not long after that that Michael J Fox, despite being so young, was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. I grew up watching Family Ties as a kid, and always thought Fox was an exceptional talent. He gave this Testimony about living with Parkinson's Disease to the US Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies about Parkinson's Disease Research and Treatment. 

Below is one approach to putting Parkinson's disease at bay. To my knowledge Michael J Fox does not have a deep brain stimulation device implanted in his brain.The company the has championed this solution is Medtronic.

This video shows how a patient is implanted with a brain pacemaker. First the patient is sedated slightly, but remains awake throughout the operation. In the first instance electrodes are placed in the brain. Usually between two and four electrodes are placed in specific areas of the thalamus. A patient can respond to the neurosurgeons questions. This provides the neurosurgeon with some assurance that the operation has been a success. Placing the electrodes in a particular location may mean the difference between the patient's suffering tremors or not, the patient being able to speak or not. Once the electrodes are put in place using the five bur holes as registration points in an image location the patient's head is sealed. About two weeks after that, a battery pack is implanted in the chest of the patient and hooked up to the electrodes. This part of the operation takes about two hours. After some time, the patient visits the neurologist turning on the DBS unit. The neurosurgeon begins with very low electrical pulses to the brain, so as to give themselves some room to experiment with settings over the coming months and year, ensuring that the patient does not receive an overstimulation of pulses leading to significant side-effects. Some patients describe the procedure working within days of the operation, there is other patients have described that it has taken about a year for them to feel significant change. Very few notes no change whatsoever.

Here is an explanation of how the deep brain stimulator actually works. Remember, the stimulation does not mean over exciting a particular area of the brain, but rather zapping it so as to stifling its "endless loop".

From a university hospital stakeholder perspective the following documentary follows a patient through a 2011 operation at St Louis. Every part of the procedure is explained in some detail, and the short documentary is effective in raising awareness of DBS.

The following clip contains first person testimonials of adopting Medtronic's DBS for Parkinson's disease.

The following video demonstrates how a DBS sufferer feels about his adoption of a deep brain stimulator. In the case of this video blog, it is clear that the devious recipient cannot live without his stimulator. For many people suffering from Parkinson's disease, despite that the DBS technology is still experimental and has the status of a humanitarian device exemption, some sufferers believe there is little choice but to adopt the technology given their current quality of life.

Over the last decade, while much attention has been given to conquering Parkinson's disease depending on someone's profile and age and prior medication taking history, attention has now also turned to whether or not the brain stimulators can work for things beyond movement disorders. For example can DBS help overcome issues related to major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety, and other potential brain diseases? Mayburg is one researcher who has been asking this question for two decades. Her researcher Emory University has been groundbreaking to some, and to others premature. It is worth watching in full, Mayburg's own presentations which have been filmed at various universities in Israel and Sweden. She has written numerous papers on her research. These papers that are peer-reviewed are accessible via University databases online. While the clinical trials have been in small-scale, Mayburg has focused her attention on the location in the brain called AL25. She believes that for some patients this is the part of the brain that needs intervention and yet, she admits that it is early days before any reasoning can be determined for this finding. The trials have demonstrated that some patients respond well to the treatment of the DBS for MDD, while other patients show no response, and some patients feel worse than before the implantation. It is everybody's hope that increasingly more evidence is provided for the type of person that can and cannot undergo the procedure and for whom it is effective and for whom it is not. Nobody wishes to see live trials go ahead in this space, that render somebody worse off than what they began with. We need to be careful with bioethical decisions that affect real human beings. And yet in other cases patients outcry when a procedure is made available in Europe for example, and is only approved by the Food and Drug Administration some two decades later. There is a trade-off between safety and risk.

Much has been discussed regarding early experimentation of providing feedback to the brain via external electrical pulses as were showcased in experiments conducted by José Delgado. In one experiment, he implanted a raging bull with radiofrequency and was able to remote control it to come to a standstill by stimulating its brain. In other cases, he placed monkeys in cages and expose them to varying levels of electromagnetics. He thought his experimentation proved that we could help the brain in some way by providing to it direct feedback. In that same documentary was noted that the former Soviet Union had spent 30 years experimenting with the brain and mentally disturbed patients.

Much has been recounted about the potential to use deep brain stimulation techniques in defence. In 2012 tender for research, DARPA requested support for the development of implantable is for post-traumatic stress disorder and also memory enhancement for its ex-servicemen and women, and everyone else. Some headway has been happening with regard to this area of research, and many are proposing the artificial intelligence also play a role in this assemblage.

What to make of DBS for therapeutics versus DBS for enhancement? Is there a plumb line to be drawn or is the division between the two types of applications dotted? Can one stop science? Will we continue to tinker with the most vital organ in the brain creating applications like we've never thought of previously? Two examples of devices that measure brainwaves and allow for sorts to communicate with digital devices are Emotiv and Interaxon (MUSE). Imagine the support for disabled who could think about pouring themselves a cup of water, or bringing a water bottle to sip through closer to them, and how liberating this might be? At the same time it is clear that we are getting closer to understanding the inner workings of the brain, despite that we are still in the nascent stages. The brain project and the brain initiative are both propelling us into grand findings, even greater than those of the human genome project. The question then becomes if we can figure out where there are ways to stimulate the brain to help those suffering from chronic disease, then might we be able to reverse engineer a perfectly normal brain to the depths of dystonia, tremors, movement and speech issues?

Important links: http://edition.cnn.com/2016/03/07/politics/pentagon-developing-brain-implants-cyborgs/index.html

One of the classic cartoons I grew up with was the Transformers, a Hasbro animation. In one episode, the ultimate doom part one, that the decepticons higher Prof Arceville, to implant Chip's father against his will so that he can be used by the dark forces, in a remote control fashion powered by the chip. 

The Ultimate Doom (Hasbro, 1984): http://tfwiki.net/wiki/The_Ultimate_Doom,_Part_1. Full episode here.

Big Ideas Festival @ UOW

Very excited about being the MC for this event along side Tony Okely.

https://www.facebook.com/uowresearch/

https://www.facebook.com/uowresearch/

See you there. For more visit here.

The UOW Big Ideas Festival is back!

Wednesday October 4th - 2017

The UOW Big Ideas Festival is a showcase of the University’s ground-breaking research from our outstanding researchers. This free event for the community will see some of UOW's newest Professors present an 8-10 minute talk on their big research idea - on the stage of the University Hall on the main campus of UOW. As well, there will be a special guest speaker: prominent environmentalist Professor Tim Flannery, interactive research stalls from key University research areas, and music and entertainment. 

Historical Review of Microchipping People for Non-Medical Applications (1997-2017)

Preamble: I was asked by U3A in Frenchs Forest, NSW, to give a talk on my reference book, co-authored with MG Michael, titled: Innovative Automatic Identification and Location-Based Services: From Bar Codes to Chip Implants. Although the book took some six years to complete, and was published in 2009, it still holds relevance to the use cases that are being implemented worldwide regarding humancentric microchip implants. I am very appreciative of the opportunity to speak for two hours on aspects of the book. I hope to focus on 20 years of micro-chipping people for non-medical applications from 1997 to 2007. Much has happened since the early demonstrations of implantables that have nothing to do with prosthesis. But for those who have been observing the developments over time, the quandary between microchip in humans for medical and non-medical reasons is closing. Recently I came across one story, which rightly described the ability for a cochlear implant, to deliver entertainment services straight to somebody's hearing. Taken a little further, we can all speculate, that other members of society might well adopt technologies of this kind, for the sheer convenience of not having to carry headphones, or possibly even telephones in the future.

Abstract: For 20 years people have been experimenting with the possibility of inviting technology into the human body for non-medical applications. We have seen artists, academics, corporate environments, law enforcement, and even government agencies, consider the possibility of implanting people for a variety of applications. These include everything from demonstrative purposes, to identity schemes, to location enablement and determination, to interactive services, for epayment, for passwords and logon to technology services, for patronage, to VIPs and security personnel, biohackers, for transit and ticketing, and so much more. From our research, there are three major reasons why people have proposed implants: for convenience care and control, and for tagging tracking and tracing functionality. This talk will be a historical overview of some of these prominent use cases. Katina will present a mixture of audiovisual materials in which she will begin a discussion with audience members about future applications.

Biography: Katina Michael is a professor in the School of computing and information technology at the University of Wollongong. She is the editor in chief of IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, and senior editor of IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine. She has been researching the technological trajectory of microchipping humans for non-medical applications with fellow collaborator MG Michael, for over 20 years. Michael and Michael have edited and co-authored numerous books and guest edited special issues on the theme of emerging technologies, among them IEEE Potentials on the theme of "Unintended Consequences of Technology" with Ramona Pringle of Ryerson University. Be sure to check out a second large corpus of research with over 40 academic contributors in the book titled: Uberveillance and the Social Implications of microchip implants: emerging technologies.

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Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning as Emerging Technologies in Social and Environmental Impact

Brief: Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning as Emerging Technologies and their Potential for Positive (and Negative) Social and Environmental Impact

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Date: Tuesday September 26 

Where: EnergyLab/UTS

Audience size:  100-150 in-person participants and an online audience of c. 3500 viewers. 

Speakers and Panellists

•  Dr. Katina Michael - School of Computing and Information Technology, University of Wollongong, Editor-in-chief IEEE Technology and Society Magazine editor-in-chief. Prof. Michael researches the socio-ethical implications of emerging technologies. 

• Dr Rachel Bunder - Data Scientist with Solar Analytics

• Philip Wright - Senior Advisor, The Ethics Centre. Focusing on ethical leadership and good decision making. Philip also practices as a psychoanalytically orientated Psychotherapist. 

• Franki Chamaki - COO/Founder, HIVERY a data science company leveraging artificial intelligence for business decision making, and Founding Director, Red Garage Ventures, a Coca-Cola backed startup developing high tech wellbeing and supply chain products.

• Prof. Gerardo Montoya - Educational Robotics Project and State Academy of Robotics, Universidad Tecnológica de Cancún, Mexico. Gerardo is a world champion robotics expert, educator and inventor. 

Basic Definitions

Artificial Intelligence: a branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behavior in computers. 2 :the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior. Source

Machine Learning: is an application of artificial intelligence (AI) that provides systems the ability to automatically learn and improve from experience without being explicitly programmed. Machine learning focuses on the development of computer programs that can access data and use it learn for themselves. Source

Deep Learning: (also known as deep structured learning or hierarchical learning) is part of a broader family of machine learning methods based on learning data representations, as opposed to task-specific algorithms. Learning can be supervised, partially supervised or unsupervised. Source

Big Data: extremely large data sets that may be analysed computationally to reveal patterns, trends, and associations, especially relating to human behaviour and interactions.

Crowdsourcing: the practice of obtaining information or input into a task or project by enlisting the services of a large number of people, either paid or unpaid, typically via the Internet.

Open Data Institute: (ODI) equip, connect and inspire people around the world to innovate with data. Source

Planetary skin: Institute (PSI) is a global non-profit research and development organization that aims to improve the lives of millions of people around the world. Source 

Collective Awareness: Platforms for Sustainability and Social Innovation (CAPS) initiative pioneers new models to create awareness of emerging sustainability challenges and of the role that each and every one of us can play to ease them through collective action.

 

Stimulus Materials

I have been asked to speak on the topic of artificial intelligence, machine learning, and big data as emerging technologies in the space of social and environmental impact. Without a doubt technology has a role to play in this critical space. However, as it has been shown time and time again changing human behaviour is not easy, and people tend to have a hope for change, but change requires effort.

For every new technological solution we introduce to make our world more sustainable, and to focus not only on conservation but also preservation, side-effects will exist. We need to get better at predicting what these are through scenario planning, better modelling, and making decisions through evidence.

Will the new technologies, find ways of placing increasing pressure on industries who cause externalities? The answer is a resounding yes. As penalties begin to increase on illegal emissions, and dumping practices, even of large-scale corporations especially in developing nations, more organisations will consider their corporate social responsibility. This does not mean that breaches will not occur, only that some organisations will become smarter at the game to save on costs, and others will commit to change. I often show my students excerpts of the documentary series, The Corporation, although I always suggest personal research investigation as an addendum to this screening.

 

On the flipside we're placing a great deal of emphasis on the IOT Internet of Things mantra. Everything from:

- surveilling our world through high-resolution imagery from satellites

- Geographic Information Systems that provide detailed data on land use and cross-sectional development in a spatial manner, allowing for the registration of spatial imagery with accurate vectorised maps

- to devices that are placed on dynamic assets such as vehicles to take ground-level photography with 360° views of the streetscape

- to wildlife and trees that are chipped for identification and tracking and monitoring purposes in the seas and the forests

- to homes that will soon house smart meters, an internal Internet of Things devices like smart thermostats, smoke detectors, even smart toilet rolls.

Ladies and gentlemen the last frontier will be to use all of these various autonomous data collection mechanisms, and then to place various sensors on luggable or wearable devices on the human being to examine how people interact with the world around them.

I have often said, we are living in the most exciting time, where technology can be used for good to help us, plan and organise our limited resources, seeking out new forms of renewable resources, that will provide for social securitisation into the longer term.

We can look at climate change reports, predictions of looming population pressures, the burgeoning potential crises that mega-cities will bring, food and clean water shortages, resource constraints and non-flexible economic policies set by governments that are looking at short-term time-frames till the next election rather than long-term resolutions. Greed remains our biggest problem, and the poverty cycle I studied when I was a teenager is still in full swing – the rich get richer and the poor get poorer.

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If I paint a bleak picture it is because of related advancements, they are advancements for those who can afford progress, and images of e-waste in countries like Nepal and Bangladesh give me nightmares. Our dirty waste is a burden to the poor. So yes, we can introduce a whole new waive of IOT devices but they will merely become tomorrow's e-waste dumps. How do we learn eco-ways of living, how do we learn to recycle our waste, and how do we better dispose of our rubbish. We can continually come up with new upgrades for new things but they will just add to our dilemmas.

Search term on Google.com "eWaste" AND "Bangladesh"

Search term on Google.com "eWaste" AND "Bangladesh"

I underscore part of the solution is technological, and part of it is human. We must leverage the tools and platforms and services, together.

Where I think the greatest amount of innovation is possible is in bringing together business whose prime reason for existence is sustainability in one shape or form or another. This may have to do with packaging of products, getting businesses to work with one another in value chains and supply chains, accrediting companies with eco-ratings – choosing the most energy efficient means, than the cheapest potential supplier.

We need to make decisions for how we share resources, and collectively possibly even re-share our piece of the pie, within apartment blocks, our neighbourhoods, and even local government areas. Smart meters, no doubt, can provide us with a means to quantify our energy use, and bring it down, as energy tariffs increase worldwide. But let us not be misguided, these same mechanisms for quantifying usage will also help energy suppliers create innovative tariffs that may not always necessarily help individual dwellings/households. Money will always rule.

For now our greatest gains as a community who are interested in environmental impact has been the development of white goods that use less power, less water, and turn off when not in use. I give my full support to these kinds of appliances that bring gain in so many different ways. At the same time we have very cheap goods entering the market, and one begins to wonder what kind of social impact these goods have when they are being assembled by real people, let alone that their expected physical lifetime and planned obsolescence is measured in months, not even years.

Once upon a time, there were strict laws governing privacy, and trespass into residences. Today we seem to be inviting new connected devices to enter our homes, monitoring us and our things "for good", as opposed to structured surveillance. There is nothing wrong with placing hope in such devices but I challenge how much change will take place as a result of these, and how much more market manipulation and exploitation may occur in the longer term when the ha-bub about IOT dwindles away.

Amazon Alexa, Google's NEST, Google Home and a whole host of new services by our big ICT players will take human activity monitoring to a new level. And there are some very obvious examples where some tech like Google NEST may be critical- e.g. colder climates "on tops of mountains". See the following commercial.

On a larger scale we have companies like Cisco collaborating with NASA on Planetary Skin initiatives. I agree wholeheartedly, that knowing our planet better is the starting point to long-term sustainability. I am particularly in favour of early warning systems that help us to respond to large-scale natural disasters – tsunamis, hurricanes, tornadoes, torrential flooding, earthquakes, to name but a few. Reducing citizen vulnerability in natural or human made disasters is a step in the right direction. But technology solutions also add new vulnerabilities to end users when they fail or are built without commensurate robust design. As we continue to emphasise SCADA systems almost completely machine operated to overcome human error, tens of millions of people for individual systems will become vulnerable to technology configurations. We will need to be prepared for when systems fail and reduce technological exposures through life cycle processes.

A major contribution will be in utilising the advancements in camera technology, storage space, CPU processing speeds to ensure species, animal and plant life, do not become extinct. In creating automatic resource allocation (human or otherwise) that will help us organise and assemble ourselves better in response to a critical event. Much of these new initiatives will take trust building exercises, in which humans offer their skill sets to volunteer in a wide variety of efforts. We will also need to be speaking the same language globally, so protocols and standards are becoming increasingly vital. But at which point do we declare we are doing more harm than good? Look at these transmitters being placed in fish? Yes, it helps us to know the species better, yes it helps us to know when illegal fishing is happening, and yes, it tells us more about the long-term sustainability of the fish species-- but what is it doing to the animal itself?

One thing is for certain, that in our quest for sustainability of the environment, we do not limit our freedoms as human beings. In the future we may be paying for the very air we breathe through a variety of taxes, but we need to build systems of living that are equitable. Until this happens, exploitation will continue, whether it is right under our noses here in Australia, or in developing nations in parts of Africa, Asia or South America. 

And the worst case scenario? Ok, I couldn't help myself... LOL! But seriously now, let's hope we get to somewhere in the middle-- a central point. We know utopia is impossible (whether machines or people are the decision makers), but the dystopia while possible seem implausible as well. What will that centrist view look like? And that's up to us! How much are we willing to trust people, systems, corporations, governments? And how much are they willing to help us, trust them?

Some important background links:

"Somehow my gut feeling is that no matter how much sustainability is important to Page, other factors like interest in the Internet of Things, his appreciation of Tony Fadell’s work, or his priorities (design and products with daily utility) got him to give this deal a green light, not sustainability."

http://www.triplepundit.com/2014/01/absence-sustainability-googles-acquisition-nest-good-bad/

http://business.time.com/2014/01/14/the-real-reason-google-paid-3-2-billion-for-nest/

 

Background

The event is part of The Greenhouse Project, and event series collaboration hosted by WWF Australia, EnergyLab/UTS and Greenups.

The aim of the series is help to foster of community of interest around the intersection of Technology, Innovation and the Environmental and Social Impact space, with the intention of supporting new partnerships and connections between the traditional NGO/environmental groups and the tech/startup community.  

The series is half way through, and so far themes covered include smart cities and IoTVirtual Reality and Augmented Realityblockchain and distributed computing, and later in the year we’ll investigate electric and autonomous vehicles.

The series will conclude with a hackathon/designathon November aimed at developing some of the ideas that have germinated through the series, with funding and accelerator support available for any successful hackathon projects.

Schedule

6:00 pm: Doors open, drinks and nibbles available.

6:45 pm: Welcome.

6:50 pm: Introductory Keynote by Prof. Katina Michael.

7:05 pm: moderated panel discussion and Q&A with the audience

- Katina Michael (UOW), Philip Wright (Ethics Centre), 2 others TBA

8.00 pm: Continue the discussion over drinks.

9.00 pm: Event concludes

The evening will begin with a half hour of mingling and networking. At 6:30pm the talks programme will begin with a keynote from Prof. Katina Michael. 

Venue

EnergyLab - Building 25, 4-12 Buckland St, Chippendale, NSW 2008

EnergyLab UTS, Sydney, Australia

EnergyLab UTS, Sydney, Australia

Theme

Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning. Is it Planet Saving Tech?

Depending on your framing, the coming age of Artificial Intelligence is either the panacea to all the worlds drudgery or heralds the arrival of our robot overloads and ultimate annihilation.

The truth is clearly somewhere in between, and depends a lot on a careful definition of terms, but either way the arrival of Artificial Intelligence and it’s subordinate cousins Machine & Deep Learning, presents a seismic shift and one which demands our immediate and focused attention.

Artificial Intelligence is here and it’s already doing interesting things, from influencing your Facebook feed to influencing US elections, from predicting your text messages to predicting where extreme weather events will hit, from recognising your voice to recognising endangered tigers.

And that’s just single purpose AI, stuff gets real when we begin to join a few of these ‘intelligences’ together, and Artificial General Intelligence emerges. AGI is still the realm if sci-fi, but for how long and what are the implications?

For the next Greenhouses evening we’ve approached a range of academics and thought-leaders to help us explore this fascinating topic, and help guide us as we decide how we can shape Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in to Planet Saving Technologies.

Keynote

Ideally the keynote would introduce the concepts of AI, Big Data and Machine Learning, give a bit of the history and the state of the art. but also contextualise the technologies in terms of practical applications, both real world and coming soon, and present some of the social and environmental implications, opportunities and risks.

Time: 10mins

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Notes by Benjamin Ward from GreenUps

Goals

The purpose of the series is to build a community of interest around the intersection of Technology, Innovation and the Environmental and Social Impact space, with the aim of cultivating new partnerships and connections between the traditional NGO/environmental groups and the tech/startup community.

The series will conclude with a hackathon/designathon November aimed at developing some of the ideas that have germinated through the series, with funding and accelerator support available for any successful hackathon projects.

Photo by Rachel Bunder (a co-presenter at this great event, and brilliant UOW alumni)

Photo by Rachel Bunder (a co-presenter at this great event, and brilliant UOW alumni)

Photo by Sandy Tsui of WWF

Photo by Sandy Tsui of WWF

Innovating at Speed – What are the Road Signs?

Overview

Thriving and surviving the 4th Industrial Revolution

The innovation agenda has failed to impress disgruntled voters. Yet technological disruption appears to be gaining pace as it transforms the business landscape. As well as dealing with the competitive threats, how can Australian government and business exploit the opportunities this fourth industrial revolution throws up?

Discussing the policy framework for transforming Australia’s innovation agenda during this unique and unprecedented time, the summit examines how organisations from the blue chip to the start-up are grappling with formulating, implementing and measuring the success of their innovation initiatives to embrace these opportunities fully. The two-day summit will look closely at policy settings, systems and values that can better serve Australians as we ride the technological wave. It will also provide a platform to discuss ethical issues, values and legislating and regulating emerging technologies such as the internet of things (IoT) , artificial intelligence/machine learning and much more. The summit will highlight Australian initiatives that truly make us world leaders whilst investigating the pathways to success, inspiring Australians to embrace a global market and competition at an opportune time.

More here

Roundtable

Dr Simon Longstaff AO, Executive Director, The Ethics Centre

Professor Katina Michael, School of Computing and Information Technology, The University of Wollongong

Meow-Ludo Meow-Meow, Co-Founder & Executive Director, Biofoundry

Abdullahi Alim, Head of Practice, Lighthouse Strategies

Christine Owenelle, Purpose Economist, Advisor and Strategist, Owenelle Global Consultancy

Jason Bender, Partner, Head of Innovation, Deloitte Australia

  • What role does technology play in democracy?
  • What is the social contract of technology?
  • Where do we draw the line on human rights in relation to cognitive liberty, mental privacy and mental integrity?
  • Why empathy and ethics will play a far more important role in innovation

Feedback from panel here: https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6316111305073917952

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Citation: Longstaff, Michael, Meow-Meow, Alim, Owenell and Bender in AFR Innovation Summit 19-20 September 2017 https://www.informa.com.au/event/afr-innovation-summit/

Who's Attending:

  • ACOLA
  • Advanced Manufacuting Growth Centre (AGMC)
  • Altus Traffic
  • AOFM
  • ARC Centre of Excellence for Quantum Computation & Communication, UNSW Sydney
  • Asurion LLC
  • Atlassian
  • Australian Academy of Technology & Engineering
  • Australian CleanTech
  • Australian Private Equity & Venture Capital Association Ltd
  • Australian Taxation Office
  • Baillieu Holst
  • BCAL Diagnostics Pty Ltd
  • BioFoundry
  • Blackbird Ventures
  • Boeing Australia & New Zealand
  • British High Commission
  • Burnet Institute
  • Challenger Limited
  • Chase Consulting
  • Chatsworth Associates
  • Cicada Innovations
  • Cook Medical
  • Crazy Might Work
  • Crescent Wealth
  • CSBP Ltd
  • CSIRO
  • Deakin University
  • Deloitte
  • Deloitte Australia
  • Department of Industry
  • Department of Industry Innovation
  • Department of Industry, Innovation & Science
  • Dept of Industry, Innovation & Science
  • Dept of the Attorney- General & Justice
  • DSITI- Queensland Government
  • EBL Disability Services
  • Edison Group
  • Elabor8
  • Energy QLD
  • Energy Queensland
  • Fairfax Media
  • Flamingo
  • F-OFF: Fear of Failure Forum
  • Foley Durham
  • Food Innovation Australia Ltd
  • Freelancer.com
  • Future Fund
  • Garvan Institute of Medical Research
  • Gretals Australia PTY LTD
  • Gumtree
  • Hatch
  • IAG
  • Ideapod
  • Innovation & Science Australia
  • Innovation and Science Australia
  • Innovative Manufacturing CRC
  • Institute of Public Accountants
  • Intent Global Pty Ltd
  • Inventium
  • Job Capital
  • Johnson and Johnson Innovation
  • King & Wood Mallesons
  • Laing O’Rourke
  • Landgate
  • Lendlease
  • Lighthouse Strategies
  • Magnify Innovation
  • Marubeni Australia Limited
  • METS Ignited
  • Monash University
  • MTPConnect
  • MYOB
  • MyPass Global
  • NAB
  • NATSPEC Construction Information
  • NERA
  • Norths
  • Novartis Pharmaceuticals Australia
  • Office of National Assessments
  • Ogilvy Public Relations
  • Oil Search Ltd
  • Owenell Global Consultancy
  • Pathfinder Consulting Group Pty Ltd
  • Powershop Australia & Meridian Energy Australia
  • PresCare
  • QxBranch
  • RACGP
  • Rasmax Consultants
  • Refraction Media
  • Replenish Earth
  • Richard A Bobb Chartered Accountants
  • Rural Industries RDC Charles Sturt University
  • SHAVIK Smarter Integrated Software
  • Singularity University
  • Sprout X
  • Standards Australia
  • Stanley and Co.
  • Stockpot
  • Stone & Chalk
  • Suncorp
  • Sydney School of Entrepreneuship
  • SYPAQ
  • TechInSA
  • Telstra
  • Terem Technologies
  • The Australian Financial Review
  • The Ethics Centre
  • The University of Melbourne
  • The University of Technology
  • Universities Australia
  • University of Adelaide
  • University of Wollongong
  • UTS
  • Western Sydney University
  • Wrays
  • Zenda Life Foods
  • Ziva