The Auto-ID Trajectory - Online Resources

 

 

Online Resources

 

4p Mobile. 1999, ‘Dat500: the all-in-one palmtop system’, 4p-Mobile-Dp, http://www.4p-mobile-dp.com/4p/dat500.html, [Accessed 28 May 1999], pp. 1-6.

 

10 Meters News Service. 2002 (4 April), ‘Skin Deep: Human Microchip Gets Green Light for U.S. Distribution’, 10 Meters.com, http://www.10meters.com/verichip_fda.html, [Access 13 November 2003], pp. 1-2.

 

‘About magnetic stripe technology: ID-TECH’s guide to magnetic encoding on cards’, ID-TECH: Value Through Innovation, http://www.idt-net.com/magnetic/index.cfm, [Accessed 27 November 2001], pp. 1-5.

 

‘AC - auto-ID’, http://www-mmd.eng.cam.ac.uk/automation/Auto-ID.htm, Institute for Manufacturing (IfM), [Accessed 29 December 2002], pp. 1-2.

 

ACLU. ‘ACLU opposes national ID system and computer registry’, ACLU, http://www.aclu.org/new/n091195b.html, 22 March 1997.

 

Adams, R. 1995, ‘UPC and EAN’, Barcode 1, http://www.adams1.com/pub/rusaddam/upccode.html.

 

______. 1996, ‘EAN application identifiers and the UCC/EAN-128 symbology’, Barcode 1, http://www.adams1.com/pub/rusaddam/ucc128.html, pp. 1-3.

 

ADS. ‘Applied Digital Solutions’, ADS, http://www.adsx.com/, [Accessed 15 October 2002].

 

______. 1999, ‘Applied Digital Solution acquires rights to world’s first digital device- implantable in humans- with applications for e-Business to business security, health care and criminal justice’, Applied Digital Solutions, http://www.adsx.com/news/press_releases/1999/12-15-99.stm, [Accessed 13 November 1999], pp. 1-2.

 

______. 2002a (15 August), ‘Responding to growing customer inquiries and media interest, Applied Digital Solutions highlights anti-kidnapping potential of Its “Personal Safeguard” Technologies’, Applied Digital Solutions, http://www.adsx.com/news/2002/081602.html, [Accessed 15 October 2002], pp. 1-5.

 

______. 2002b (3 October), ‘Digital Angel Corporation is awarded United States patent for next-generation, enhanced-performance implantable microchip’, Applied Digital Solutions, http://www.adsx.com/news/DA2002/100302.html, [Accessed 15 October 2002], pp. 1-3.

 

______. 2002c (7 October), ‘VeriChip Corporation will benefit from new United States patent (#6,400,338) awarded to Digital Angel Corporation- manufacturer of VeriChip™’, Applied Digital Solutions, http://www.adsx.com/news/2002/100702.html, [Accessed 15 October 2002], pp. 1-3.

 

______. 2002d (24 October), ‘Verichip Corporation launches national “Get Chipped™” promotion- first 100,000 registrants and all qualified ADSX shareholders eligible for $50 introductory savings’, Applied Digital Solutions, http://www.adsx.com/news/2002/102402.html, [Accessed 14 January 2003], pp. 1-4.

 

______. 2002e, ‘VeriChip Corporation: miniaturised, implantable identification technology’, Applied Digital Solutions, http://www.adsx.com/prodservpart/verichip.html, [Accessed 14 January 2003], pp. 1-3.

 

______. 2002f, ‘Get Chipped™: VeriChip™ pre-registration program’, Applied Digital Solutions, http://www.adsx.com/prodservpart/verichippreregistration.html, [Accessed 14 January 2003], pp. 1-2.

 

______. ‘VeriChip registry- affiliate’, VeriChip, https://gvsregistry.4verichip.com/index.html, [Accessed 13 November 2003].

‘Advanced transportation management and information systems (ATMIS)’, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, http://www.its.berkeley.edu/atmis.html, [Accessed 14 September 1998].

 

Agre, P. 2001 (14 November), ‘Your face is not a bar code: arguments against automatic face recognition in public places’, Department of Information Studies- University of California, http://dlis.gseis.ucla.edu/people/pagre/bar-code.html, [Accessed 27 November 2001], pp. 1-17.

 

Agri Signal Inc. 1998, ‘Read range and read probability considerations relating to electronic animal identification,’ Transponder News, http://rapidttp.co.za/transponder/technote.html, [Accessed 4 December 1998], pp. 1-2.

 

Ahlstrom, D. 2000 (9 November), ‘Microchip implant could offer new kind of vision’, The Irish Times, http://www.ireland.com/newspaper/science/2000/1109/sci1.htm, [Accessed 20 November 2001], pp. 1-2.

 

AIM Global. 1999a, ‘Radio frequency identification (RFID), AIM Global, http://www.aimglobal.org/techinfo/rfid/rfidintro.html, [Accessed 31 May 1999], pp. 1-3.

 

______. 1999b, ‘Radio frequency identification RFID: A basic primer’, AIM International WP-98/002R, http://www.aimglobal.org/techinfo/rfid/aimrfidbasics.html, [Accessed 31 May 1999], pp. 1-13.

 

‘Airline industry smart card developments’, IATA, http://www.iata.org/smartcard/, [Accessed 23 September 1997], pp. 1-5.

 

Alexander, R. ‘Electronic ID card’, http://www.intnet.net/pub/HUMAN-RIGHTS/ElectronicIDcards, [Accessed 24 April 1997].

 

Alien. 2003 (6 January), ‘Alien announces major order for low-cost RFID tags: enters supply agreement to provide 500 Million units to the Gillette Company, About Logistics, http://logistics.about.com/library/blaliengillette.htm, [Accessed 9 January 2003], pp. 1-2.

 

‘Alternatives to using social security numbers in large organisations’, Electronic Privacy Information Centre, http://www.epic.org/privacy/ssn/alternatives_ssn.html, [Accessed 22 March 1997].

 

Alyea, L. A. & Campbell Jr, J. P. 1996, ‘Update on the US government’s biometric consortium’, Biometric Consortium, http://www.vitro.bloomington.in.us:8080/~BC/REPORTS/CTSTG96, [Accessed 20 November 1996], pp. 1-4.

 

‘An apocalyptic warning’, 666soon, http://www.666soon.com, [Accessed 30 March 2000], pp. 1-3.

 

Anderson, A. ‘On a national identity card’, Employer Sanctions: solving the wrong problem, http://andrsn.stanford.edu/Other/idcard.html.

 

Andreotta, T. 1996, ‘INSPASS update’, Biometric Consortium, http://www.biometrics.org/REPORTS/INSPASS2.html, [Accessed 2 December], pp. 1-7.

 

Anitech. 1999a, ‘PETNET: Canada’s national pet registry’, Anitech Enterprises Inc., http://www.petnet.ca, [Accessed 26 May 1999].

 

______. 1999b, ‘PETNET: municipal microchip by-laws’, Anitech Enterprises Inc., http://www.petnet.ca/files/municipal.htm, [Accessed 26 May 1999].

 

‘ANSI specification for encoding ABA track 2 data’, Mercury Security Corp: OEA Hardware for Access Control, http://www.mercury-security.com/ansi.htm, [Accessed 21 January 1999], pp. 1-2.

 

APA. 1998 (5 April), ‘APA offers final solution to the lost and stolen pet problem’, American Pet Association, http://www.apapets.com/pro1.htm, [Accessed 20 November 2001], pp. 1-2.

 

Aragon, L. 1998, ‘Show me some ID: biometrics is leaving its fingerprints on the market with low-cost devices’, PC Week, http://www.zdnet.com/pcweek/news/0112/12bio.html, [Accessed 12 January 1998], pp. 1-9.

 

‘Articles on WearComp, etc.’, Eyetap.org, http://www.eyetap.org/articles_on_wearcomp/, [Accessed 27 November 2001].

 

Assistant Secretary of Defence. ‘Policy for the use of ID tags and ID cards for emergency transfusion at the second Echelon of Medical Care and the validation of those parameters’, http://www.ha.osd.mil/./tricare/news/policy.html, [Accessed 23 April 1997].

 

Associated Press. 2002a (1 April), ‘Chip in your shoulder? Family wants info device’, USA Today: Tech, http://www.usatoday.com/life/cyber/tech/2002/04/01/verichip-family.htm, [Accessed 15 October 2002], pp. 1-2.

 

______. 2002b (4 April), ‘ID chip ready for implant’, USA Today: Tech, http://www.usatoday.com/life/cyber/tech/2002/04/04/implant-chip.htm, [Accessed 15 October 2002], pp. 1-2.

 

______.  2002c (5 April), ‘Company gets okay to sell ID-only computer chip implant’, The Detroit News, http://www.detnews.com/2002/technology/0204/05/technology-457686.htm, [Accessed 15 October 2002].

 

‘AT&T Universal MasterCard’, AT&T universal card services. http://public.att.com/ucs/card/card.html, [Accessed 20 November 1996].

 

Auto I.D. News. 1998a, ‘Bar code transfusion’, Automatic I.D. News, http://www.autoidnews.com/1198/1198health.html, [Accessed 30 November 1998], pp. 1-3.

 

______. 1998b, ‘Everything you ever wanted to know about RF/ID... Examining the technology’s benefits, future’, Automatic I.D. News, http://www.autoidnews.com/technologies/concepts/need.htm, [Accessed 20 November 1998], pp. 1-7.

 

______. 1998c, ‘Radio frequency identification (RF/ID)’, Automatic I.D. News, http://www.autoidenews.com/technologies/concepts/rfdcintro.htm, [Accessed 30 November 1998], pp. 1-3.

 

Auto-ID Centre. 2001, ‘About auto-ID centre’, Auto-ID Centre: Creating Standards for Smart Objects, http://www.autoidcenter.org/home_about.asp, [Accessed 27 November 2001].

 

______.  2002, ‘Auto-ID centre-home-team’, Auto-ID Centre: Creating Standards for Smart Objects, http://www.autoidcenter.org/home_team.asp, [Accessed 19 December 2002].

 

Azar. 2001, ‘Philosophy, ethics and morals’, Cybernetic Implants, http://bork.hampshire.edu/~azar/cyber/philo.html, [Accessed 29 November 2001], pp. 1-5.

 

Bailey, R. 1999 (10 June), ‘Implantable insulin pumps’, Biology About.com, http://biology.about.com/library/weekly/aa061099.htm, [Accessed 29 November 2001], pp. 1-3.

 

Baker, J. et al. ‘Personal information & privacy-I’, http://www.cpsr.org/dox/conferences/cfp91/hoffman.html, [Accessed 3 April 1996].

 

Banisar, D. ‘Big brother goes high-tech’, CAQ Magazine Article, http://www.worldmedia.com.caq.articles/brother.html, [Accessed 22 March 1997].

 

‘Barcode and magnetic stripe readers’, International Bar Code, http://interbar.com, [Accessed 14 September 1998].

 

Bartholomew, D. 2000 (10 January), ‘The ultimate in mobile computing’, Industry Weeks: The Value Chain, http://www.iwvaluechain.com/Features/articles.asp?ArticleId=720, [Accessed 20 November 2001], pp. 1-2.

 

Batterson, R. 2002, ‘MasterCard International tests Magneprint’, Washington University in St Louis: News & Information, http://news-info.wustl.edu/tips/2002/business-law/indeck.html, [Accessed 15 April 2003], pp. 1-2.

 

BBC News. 2000 (26 June), ‘Boots of the future’, BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/sci/tech/newsid_8060000/806440.stm, [Accessed 29 November 2001], pp. 1-3.

 

______. 2001a (20 May), ‘Spine implant offers hope’, BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/1336840.stm, [13 November 2003], pp. 1-2.

 

______. 2001b (1 November), ‘Insulin chip 'may replace jabs'’, BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/1631893.stm, [13 November 2003], pp. 1-2.

 

______. 2001c (27 November), ‘Implant benefits Parkinson's patients’, BBC News,  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/1667050.stm , [13 November 2003], pp. 1-2.

 

______. 2002a (7 March), ‘Chips to keep the family healthy’, BBC News,  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/1859699.stm , [13 November 2003], pp. 1-2.

 

______. 2002b (22 March), ‘Cyborg study draws fire’, BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/1886700.stm, [Accessed 4 January 2003], pp. 1-3.

 

______. 2002c (17 May), ‘Doubt cast on fingerprint security’, BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/1991517.stm, [Accessed 24 October 2002], pp. 1-3.

 

Beale, S. 1998, ‘Calvin Klein’s warehouse is designed for success’, ID Systems: The European Source for Auto ID, http://www.idsyseuro.com/cal0398.htm, [Accessed 4 December 1998], pp. 1-4.

 

‘Bell Canada selects Nortel’s telephones for future electronic cash pilot’, Nortel- News Releases, http://www.nortel.com/home/press/1996b/5_15_96150Mondex.html, [Accessed 18 April 1997].

 

Bell. 1996, ‘The informed collector’, Bell, http://www.bell.ca/club/v_averti_a.html, [Accessed 26 September 1997].

 

______. 2000, ‘Bell Canada consumer services: ‘Find-Me Number Service’, Bell Canada, http://www.bell.ca, [Accessed 20 January 2000].

 

‘BellSouth chooses Nortel next generation payphones for largest US smart card trial during Summer Olympics’, Nortel- BellSouth to deploy Millennium Payphones. http://www.nortel.com/home/press/1996a/2_19_nortel_smartcard.html, [Accessed 18 April 1997].

 

Belsie, L. 1997, ‘Coming soon: ATMs that recognise your eyes’, The Christian Science Monitor,  http://www.csmonitor.com/, [Accessed 2 December 1997], pp. 1-2.

 

Berger, E. 2002, ‘Microchip implants may save lives one day’, cnn.com health,

http://www.cnn.com/2002/HEALTH/01/22/microchip.heart, [Accessed 13 November 2003], pp. 1-3.

 

Bergeron, C. et al. 1999, ‘Re: Comparing human brain vs. computer, chip implants’, IFETS Mailing List, http://www.ifets.gmd.de/past_archives/archiv_150499_250899/0553.html, [Accessed 20 November 2001], pp. 1-4.

 

Bicz, W. 1998, ‘Fingerprint structure imaging based on an ultrasound camera’, Research & Development Ultrasonic Technology/Fingerprint Recognition, http://www.optel.com.pl/article/english/article.htm, pp. 1-9.

Bikle, D. ‘AT&T to issue ID, security access smart cards to U.S. employees’, News Release. http://www.att.com/press/0494/940408.cpb.html, [Accessed 22 March 1997].

 

Biochip. ‘Biochip technology in the news’, Biochip Tech, http://www.geocities.com/verlaat_2001/biochipnieuws_eng.html, [Accessed 1 March 2003], pp. 1-2.

 

‘Biochips’, LoonyCat, http://www.loonycat.com/biochip_data.htm, [Accessed 20 November 2001], pp. 1-8.

 

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Biomark. 1998, ‘Biomark special project’, Biomark, http://www.biomark.com/specproj.html, [Accessed 26 May 1999], pp. 1-3.

 

______. 1999, ‘About Biomark, Inc’, Biomark: Specialists in Electronic Identification, http://www.biomark.com/aboutus.html, [Accessed 26 May 1999], pp. 1-2.

 

‘Biometric technology solutions forum’, International Biometric Group (IBG), http://www.biometricgroup.com/index.htm, [Accessed 8 July 1998].

 

‘Biometrics’, Findbiometrics, http://www.findbiometrics.com/Pages/, [Accessed 12 December 2002].

 

‘Biometrics’, New Market Solutions, http://www.cardsolutions.com/biomet.html, [Accessed 8 July 1998].

 

‘Biometrics and privacy issues’, Connecticut Department of Social Services, http://www.dss.state.ct.us/digital/privacy.htm, [Accessed 18 November 1998], pp. 1-2.

 

‘Biometrics: publications’, MSU, http://biometrics.cse.msu.edu/publications.html  [Accessed 27 November 2001], pp. 1-4.

 

‘Biometrics research centre’, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, http://www.comp.polyu.edu.hk/research/selectproject/4/, [Accessed 12 December 2002], pp. 1-2.

 

Black, J. 2002, ‘Roll up your sleeve – for a chip implant’, Illuminati Conspiracy, http://www.conspiracyarchive.com/NWO/chip_implant.htm, [Accessed 15 October 2002], pp. 1-6.

 

Blackberry. 2003, ‘Products’, http://www.blackberry.com/products/index.shtml, Blackberry, [Accessed 3 March 2003], p. 1.

 

Blanton, D. 2002 (21 May), ‘Poll: most not ready for medical chip implant’, Fox News, http://www.foxnews.com/printer_friendly_story/0,3566,53321,00.html, [Accessed 15 October 2002], pp. 1-2.

 

Bluetooth. 2003, ‘Bluetooth wireless’, Bluetooth, http://www.bluetooth.com/tech/products.asp, [Accessed 3 March 2003], p. 1.

 

Blythe, P. 1996, ‘Global view of transport applications’, Smart Card News, http://www.smartcard.co.uk/transp.htm, [Accessed 22 March 1997], pp. 1-7.

 

Boarman, W. I. 1998, ‘A passive integrated transponder system for tracking animal movements’, Wildlife Society Bulletin, (6)4, Winter, http://www.beitec.com/articles/tortoise/tortoise1.html, [Accessed 19 December 2002], pp. 1-8.

 

‘Body smart card’, NextStep, http://www.nextstep.com/stepback/cycle10/130biometrix.html, [Accessed 23 November 1998], pp. 1-3.

 

Boehringer, B. 2001 (23 October), ‘Benefits of the OHSU/OGI merger’, The Oregon Opportunity: A New Era of Medical Breakthroughs, http://www.ohsu.edu/about/opportunity/ohsu_ogi.htm, [Accessed 20 November 2001], pp. 1-2.

 

Bohringer, K. et al. ‘Implantable electrodes and computers in brain’, Implantable Microchips at FHL, http://depts.washington.edu/fhl/Bohringer.html, [Accessed 20 November 2001], pp. 1-3.

 

Bostrom, N. 1998a, ‘How long before superintelligence?’, Nick Bostrom, http://www.nickbostrom.com/superintelligence.html, [Accessed 29 November 2001], pp. 1-15.

 

______. 1998b, ‘What is transhumanism?’, WTA, http://www.transhumanism.com/transhumanism.htm, [Accessed 29 November 2001], pp. 1-8.

 

______. 2001, ‘Existential risks: analysing human extinction scenarios and related hazards’, Nick Bostrom, http://www.nickbostrom.com/existential/risks.html, [Accessed 29 November 2001], pp. 1-27.

 

Boyd, S. 2001, ‘Neurological implants’, Scott Boyd, http://www.mala.bc.ca/~soules/media113/utopia/boyd/journal2.htm, [Accessed 29 November 2001], pp. 1-2.

 

‘Brain implants’, FutureFantastic.Net, http://www.futurefantastic.net/exhibits/implants/implants.htm, [Accessed 20 November 2001], pp. 1-8.

 

Brakeman, L. 1998, ‘Retinal scans always get their man’, Automatic I.D. News, http://www.autoidnews.com/technologies/concepts/retinal.htm, [Accessed 30 November 1998], pp. 1-4.

 

Branwyn, G. 1993, ‘The desire to be wired’, Wired 1.4, http://www.eff.org/Net_culture/Cyborg_anthropology/cyber_modification.article, [Accessed 29 November 2001], pp. 1-6.

 

‘Brazilian city embraces card technology’, Automatic I.D. News, http://www.autpidnews.com/0898/0898biocards_3.html, [Accessed 30 November 1998].

 

Bren, L. 2001, ‘Trying to keep “mad cow disease” out of U.S. herds’, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Consumer Magazine, http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/2001/201_cow.html, [Accessed 23 December 2002], pp. 1-5.

 

Bresnahan, D. M. 2002, ‘Big Brother is watching- inside and out’, InvestigativeJournal.com, http://investigativejournal.com/stories/ChipImplantApproved.htm, [Accessed 15 October 2002], pp. 1-2.

 

Brinton, K. & Lieberman, K-A. 1994, ‘Basics of DNA fingerprinting’, University of Washington, http://www.biology.washington.edu/fingerprint/dnaintro.html, [Accessed 29 November 2001].

 

Brooks, M. 2001 (14 November), ‘The Cyborg cometh’, Worldlink: The Magazine of the World Economic Forum, http://www.worldlink.co.uk/stories/storyReader$844, [Accessed 29 November 2001], pp. 1-6.

 

Brown, J. 1999 (20 October), ‘Professor Cyborg’, Salon.com, http://www.salon.com/tech/feature/1999/10/20/cyborg/index.html, [Accessed 4 January 2002], pp. 1-3.

 

BSE. 2002, ‘Bovine spongiform encephalopathy’, The BSE Inquiry, http://www.bse.org.uk/, [Accessed 23 December 2002].

 

Bull, K. & Scannell, E. 2000 (June), ‘From ‘long boom’ to days of doom and gloom’, JavaWorld, http://www.javaworld.com/javaworld/jw-06-2000/jw-0602-iw-joy_p.html, [Accessed 4 January 2003], pp. 1-4.

 

Burke, J. L. ‘Legal and regulatory implications of advanced card programs’, http://www.smartcrd.com/info/more/legal.htm, [Accessed 4 April 1997].

Burnell, J. 1998a, ‘Identifying the biometric opportunity’, Automatic I.D. News, http://www.autoidnews.com/technologies/concepts/affordbl.htm, [Accessed 30 November 1998], pp. 1-5.

 

______. (ed.) 1998b, ‘Reading the future of the technologies that read you’, Automatic I.D. News, http://www.autoidnews.com/1298/1298biomet.html, [Accessed 30 November 1998], pp. 1-2.

 

Butler, S. 2000 (29 June), ‘First silicon chip artificial retinas implanted in blind patients at UIC medical centre and central DuPage Hospital’, The University of Illinois at Chicago, http://www.uic.edu/depts/paff/opa/releases/2000/retinas_advisory.html, [Accessed 29 November 2001], pp. 1-2.

 

Byfield, I. 2002, ‘What do you mean, auto ID?’, www.logisticsit.com, http://www.logisticsit.com/artman/publish/printer_10.shtml, [Accessed 19 December 2002].

 

CAIP. ‘The speech recognition group: CAIP Centre’, The State University of New Jersey, Rutgers, http://www.caip.rutgers.edu/ARPA-SLT/index.html, [Accessed 12 December 2002], pp. 1-3.

 

Cambridge. 1999, ‘activeRF’, University of Cambridge Entrepreneurship Centre Case Studies’, http://www.cec.cam.ac.uk/teaching/vln/fhg1/rc/cases/activeRF.htm, [Accessed 19 December 2002], pp. 1-3.

 

‘Cambridge University is first global partner in product Internet initiative’, Institute for Manufacturing (IfM), http://www-mmd.eng.cam.ac.uk/automation/News.htm, [Accessed 29 December 2002], pp. 1-2.

 

Camp, L. J. ‘Privacy: From abstraction to applications’, Models of Electronic Privacy, http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/jeanc/www/privacy_models.html, [Accessed 3 April 1997].

 

Campbell, J. P. et al. 1996, ‘Biometric security: government applications and operations’, Biometric Consortium, http://www.vitro.bloomington.in.us:8080/~BC/REPORTS/CTSTG96/, [Accessed 20 November 1996], pp. 1-5.

 

Cannon, M. ‘The Controllers: a new hypothesis of alien abduction, part 1 and 2’, Sumeria, http://www.livelinks.com/sumeria/cosmo/control.html, [Accessed 22 March 1997].

 

‘Card accessories’, Magna-Code, http://www.magna-code.com/cardaccess.html, [Accessed 21 January 1999], pp. 1-2.

 

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Cardshow. 1996, ‘The birth of smart cards: 1974-1989’, The Smart Card Cybershow- Smart Card Museum, http://www.cardshow.com/museum/ex70.html, [Accessed 26 September 1996], pp. 1-10.

 

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Castillo, B. 1996 (31 March), ‘Implants on Chicano prisoners’, American Indian Movement, http://nativenet.uthscsa.edu/archive/nl/9603/0242.html, [Accessed 20 November 2001], pp. 1-3.

 

Cavoukian, A. ‘Biometrics backgrounder: fingerprints vs. finger scans’, Information and Privacy Commissioner| Ontario, http://www.ipc.on.ca/web_site.eng/whatsnew/newsrel/biom.htm, [Accessed 8 July 1998], p. 1.

 

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Chambers, J. R. 1998, ‘The “MARK” of the beast”, Implantable Bio-Chip Technology, http://qualia-net.com/religion/chambio.html, [Accessed 27 October 1998], pp. 1-8.

 

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______. ‘David Chaum’s testimony for US house of representatives’, DigiCash, http://www.digicash.support.nl/publish/testimony.html, [Accessed 4 April 1997].

 

______. ‘Prepaid smart card techniques: a brief introduction and comparison’, DigiCash, http://digicash.support.nl/publish/cardcom.html, [Accessed 4 April 1997].

 

______. ‘Security without identification: card computers to make Big Brother obsolete’, DigiCash, http://digicash.support.nl/publish/bigbro.html, [Accessed 4 April 1997].

 

Chislenko, A. 1997, ‘Technology as extension of human functional architecture’, Extropy Online, http://www.extropy.org/eo/articles/techuman.htm, [Accessed 29 November 2001], pp. 1-15.

 

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Clarke, R. 1991, ‘The Tax File Number scheme: a case study of political assurances and function creep’, Xamax Consultancy, http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/PaperTFN.html, [Accessed 15 September 1997], pp. 1-7.

 

______. 1993, ‘Why people are scared of the public sector’, Xamax Consultancy, http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/PaperScared.html, [Accessed 15 September 1997], pp. 1-19.

 

______.  1997, ‘Roger Clarke’s main publications on data surveillance and information privacy’, Xamax Consultancy, http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/RogersDVBibl.html, [Accessed 15 September 1997].

 

______. 1998, ‘Chip-based payment schemes: stored-value cards and beyond’, Xamax Consultancy, http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/EC/CBPSBk.html, [Accessed 27 October 1998], pp. 1-2.

 

______.  (ed.) ‘Information technology and people’, Identification technologies and their implications for people, http://weber.ucsd.edu/~pagre/identification.html, [Accessed 20 November 1996].

 

Clemons, K. ‘Mytec technologies: applications’, Mytec, http://www.mytec.com/applic/default.htm, [Accessed 10 April 1997].

 

‘Clinton proposes national health care ID card’, Revolution, http://www.scimitar/revolution/by_topic/legal/police/healthid.html, [Accessed 23 April 1997].

 

CNI News. ‘Human implants now available to foil kidnappers’, CFREE: Centre for Extraordinary Explorations, http://www.cfree.org/contact/Abduction/Implants/Art005.html, 4 January 2003.

 

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