The Auto-ID Trajectory - List of Tables, Diagrams and Exhibits

 

 

List of Tables, Diagrams and Exhibits

Tables

1.1       Significant Previous Research in Auto-ID Technology                                                3

1.2       Multiple Embedded Case Studies                                                                     10

1.3       Underlying Assumptions of the Research                                                        11

2.1       Types of Inventions                                                                                         15

2.2       Types of Innovations                                                                                       17

2.3       Important Terms and Concepts                                                                                    23

2.4       Evolving Thought in Artificial Intelligence                                                      45

2.5       Synergy of Forecasters                                                                                                46

3.1       Levels of Investigation                                                                                                62

3.2       Journals and Magazines Used for Collecting Documents                                             68

5.1       Timeline of the History of Auto-ID                                                                 94

5.2       Magnetic-strip Track Description                                                                     101

5.3       Magnetic Stripe Card Types                                                                             102

5.4       Significant Chip Card Patents After 1974                                                        104

5.5       History of Fingerprint Identification                                                                111

5.6       Biometric Comparison Chart                                                                           112

5.7       Biometric Techniques and Criteria Used for Verification                                            113

6.1       Bar Code Questions Along the Innovation Path                                                           129

6.2       Different Levels of Standards                                                                          137

6.3       U.S. Federal Law Statutes                                                                                147

6.4       Xico “Firsts” in Magnetic Stripe Technology                                                   149

6.5       RF/ID Standards and Committees                                                                    179

6.6       Recently granted patents in the U.S.A.                                                             187

7.1       Auto-ID Campus Card Innovations                                                                 201

7.2       Major Health Card Projects                                                                              225

7.3       Biometric Systems in North America                                                               228

8.1       Brain Implants Futuristic Scenario                                                                   290

9.1       The Auto-ID Innovation Process                                                                                 298

9.2       Auto-ID Technology Migration, Integration and Convergence Trends             303

 

Diagrams

1.1       Diagram Schematic of Objectives Relating to Chapters                                               8

2.1       Organisation of the Literature Review                                                             14

2.2       Levels of Innovation Systems Frameworks                                                     31

3.1       Overall Research Design                                                                                  52

3.2       Multiple Embedded Case Studies                                                                     56

3.3       Case Studies Ordered to Show the Human Evolution                                      57

3.4       How Analytical Generalisations will be Determined                                        60

3.5       Case Study Protocol                                                                                         61

3.6       Systems of Innovation Dimensions                                                                 64

3.7       Some Biometric Technology Provider Web Sites Visited                                             70

3.8       Original Categorisation of Data Collected                                                        72

5.1       Trends in Auto-ID: Migration, Integration and Convergence                           124

6.1       The Auto-ID Technology System (TS) Stakeholder Model                              128

6.2       The Auto-ID System of Innovation Dimensions Across Phases of Change     192

9.1       Traditional Understanding of Auto-ID- Separate Life Cycle Curves                296

9.2       Life Cycle Curve of the Evolution of the Auto-ID Industry                            297

 

Exhibits

1.1       Manual versus Automatic Identification Techniques                                       1

2.1       The Innovation Process of the Smart Card                                                       18

4.1       Different Types of Tattoos                                                                              78

4.2       The Jewish People Ordered to Wear the Star of David Badge                          79

4.3       Prisons in New York in 1913 Required Fingerprint Records                            83

4.4       The Original Social Security Card                                                                    85

4.5       Multiple ID Papers, Cards, Numbers and Passwords for Individuals               90

5.1       Bar Codes and Magnetic-Stripe Cards Revolutionise the Check-out Counter   98

5.2       Examples of Early Smart Cards Prior to the 1990s                                          105

5.3       Sensar Iris Recognition Systems Integrated with Smart Card Technology                    110

5.4       Biometric Device Suite: Fingerprint, Hand, Iris and Facial Recognition                       112

5.5       Automated Fingerprint Recognition                                                                 114

5.6       RF/ID Tags, Tokens, Keys, Cards and Transponders                                       120

5.7       Examples of Migration, Integration and Convergence Patterns                                    125

6.1       Some of the Bar Code Standards-Related Organisations                                              136

6.2       Smart Card Forums and Associations                                                              154

7.1       Levels of Investigation in the Embedded Case Studies                                                193

7.2       Bar Code Applications                                                                                     195

7.3       Magnetic-Stripe Applications                                                                           205

7.4       Different Types of E-Tickets                                                                           214

7.5       The Diverse Range of Smart Card Applications                                                           219

7.6       Concern for Security Means a Variety of Biometric Applications Proliferate  229

7.7       Integrated Manual and Auto-ID Systems for Government Solutions                236

7.8       RF/ID Transponders and Tags used for Livestock Management                                  242

7.9       RF/ID Tags and Transponders used in Human Tracking Applications             249

8.1       First Generation Wearables and Luggables                                                      258

8.2       Wearable Computers in Industrial Applications                                                           259

8.3       Second Generation Wearables: E-Wallets and Wireless Wristwatches             261

8.4       The Vivago WristCare Home System                                                               262

8.5       Smart Clothes and Accessories                                                                                    264

8.6       Implantable Devices for Humans                                                                    267

8.7       Applied Digital Solutions- the Digital Angel and Verichip                               269

8.8       The Wherify Solution with Other GPS-enabled Equipment                             274

8.9       The Smart Pill Demonstration                                                                          278

8.10     Various Medical Implant Applications                                                             286

8.11     The Human Electrophorus                                                                               293

9.1       Stakeholders in the Auto-ID Innovation Process                                                          300

9.2       Government Applications United by Integrated Auto-ID Solutions                 302

9.3       Convergence at the Application Level using Smart Card Technology              307

9.4       Reader Equipment Points to Auto-ID Techniques Coexisting                          309

9.5       Some of the Auto-ID Stakeholders Consulted                                                 311

9.6       Marketing Campaigns that Point to Electrophoresis                                         312

9.7       Science Fiction Film Genre Pointing to the Rise of the Electrophorus              314

9.8       The Functions of the 1987 Proposed Australian National ID Card                              320

9.9       Evidence for the Mark of the Beast as Presented on GreaterThings.com                     326

9.10     The New Fashion: Body Bar Code Tattoos, Piercing and Chipification                       329

9.11     The Process of Transformation                                                                                    334

10.1     The Human Evolution                                                                                     344