Will Microchip Implants in Humans Become Mandatory?

And he causes all, the small and the great, and the rich and the poor, and the free men and the slaves, to be given a mark on their right hand or on their forehead, and he provides that no one will be ab le to buy or to sell, except the one who has the mark, either the name of the b east or the number of his name.
— Revelations 13:16-17

So begins an article by writer Mac Slavo about how human-implanted microchips won’t just be popular in the future. They’ll be mandatory.

Moreover, if his vision of tomorrow is correct, hardly anyone will have to be dragged kicking and screaming by jack-booted storm troopers (or robots?) into that Brave New World; rather, most people will willingly be chipped as we slouch toward Oceania.

In fact, the movement is already in progress. As NewsMax’s James Hirsen recently wrote:

In various places all over the world, there are individuals who open doors, start cars, and control their computers with a mere gesture of their hands or arms.

They are among the first wave of people who have voluntarily allowed a miniature computer chip to be placed inside of their bodies. Most are part of a group that advocates biohacking, a concept in which activists seek to enhance the human body through the use of technology.

Many biohackers also identify with a broader movement known as transhumanism. Transhumanists believe that people will ultimately be able to transform themselves through the use of technology into superior beings that possess expanded capabilities. Adherents of the movement categorize such individuals as “posthuman.”

In inching toward a newly defined humanity, a small radio frequency identification chip (RFID) is being injected into an individual’s hand, wrist, or arm through use of a hypodermic needle in the same manner as a routine vaccine. The implanted microchip broadcasts an identifying number or code, which can be used for a myriad of purposes.

The benefits of this technology are seductive: No more having to carry — and worry about losing — numerous credit cards and other forms of identification. No more fumbling for them when performing transactions; a wave of the hand will suffice. No more showing passports when you travel or your driver’s license to a cop. And since microchipping would facilitate a cashless society, there’d be no more worries about cash loss or theft, and it could put an end to black-market drug and other illegal transactions; identity theft could be eliminated, too (though any technology could conceivably be circumvented).

And as Iain Gillespie wrote in the Sydney Morning Herald, “The implants send a unique ID number that can be used to activate devices such as phones and locks, and can link to databases containing limitless information, including personal details such as names, addresses and health records.”

Gillespie also mentioned cybernetics scientist Dr. Mark Gasson of the UK’s University of Reading (UR), who made history recently:

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After implanting a chip in himself in 2009 to control his office’s electronic gadgets, he became the world’s first human infected with a computer virus. “The virus was replicated on the swipecards of staff accessing his building and infected the university's database,” writes Gillespie.

Yet Gasson remains enthusiastic about what he characterizes as an inevitable and imminent new technological normal. He says, “It has the potential to change the very essence of what it is to be human.” He believes that microchips’ acceptance will mirror that of mobile phones and that a situation will develop wherein it “will be such a disadvantage not to have the implant that it will essentially not be optional.”

But it gets even stranger. As Gillespie also wrote:

Last year [2013] the line between man and machine became even more blurred, when Stanford University announced its scientists had created the first purely biological transistor that was made entirely of genetic material. Stanford assistant professor of bioengineering, Dr Drew Endy, described the breakthrough as the final component needed for a biological computer that can operate within living cells and reprogram living systems.

And to some degree the future is now, with biometric technology already being used in certain wide-scale applications. As writer Michael Snyder informs us, a hand-scanning payment method is being tested in southern Sweden, biometric scanners/RFID tracking devices are already used in college dining halls and some amusement parks, and the technology is even “being used in Africa to keep track of who is being vaccinated,” he writes.

But how will this transition from new and novel idea to mandatory mark of the beast? There is precedent for acceptance of such intrusion; after all, your cellphone has an RFID chip and can be used to track your every movement, and its camera can be remotely activated by authorities. And we all have Social Security numbers. But the move toward mandatory status will begin like this, writes Mac Slavo:

First, the technologies will need to be generally accepted by society. It’ll start with real-time consumer based products like Google Glass. The older generations may reject it, but in a couple of years you can bet that tens of millions of kids, teens and younger adults will be roaming the streets while sporting cool shades, interactive web surfing and the capability to record everything around them and upload it to the internet instantly.

Remember that young people especially like the feeling of being “with it,” on the cutting edge, and don’t want to have outdated technology any more than out-of-style clothes; they will leap to be chipped just as they snatch up the latest smart phone. And not only will the technology be convenient, but it will lend an illusion of power. With just a wave of your hand doors will open for you — literally and figuratively.

“Eventually, once the concept is generally accepted by the majority, it will become our new ‘social security number,’” writes Slavo.

You’ll thus need a chip to avail yourself of government services and, sooner or later, to make a purchase (again, society would no doubt become cashless).

At that point circumstances may compel a person to accept an implant even if the government doesn’t. And the implications of this are grave, say many critics. For instance, University of Wollongong professor Katina Michael warns, reports Gillespie:

“RFID microchips are essentially a unique ID embedded in your body, and, as we know, numbers can be stolen and data can be hacked.... They point to an uber-surveillance society that is big brother on the inside looking out. Governments or large corporations would have the ability to track people's actions and movements ... and ultimately even control them.”

Also note that with the government developing the capacity to predict an individual’s behavior with computer algorithms and with science starting to create technology that can decode thoughts and intentions (mind-reading), the future looks, well, quite revelatory.

So will a day come where we dare think only doubleplusgood thoughts? Will 1984 and Brave New World transition from fiction to news? Whatever the case, we can without hesitation now say something about the old Chinese curse, “May you live in interesting times”:

We certainly do.

Citation: Selwyn Duke, May 3, 2014, "Will Microchip Implants in Humans Become Mandatory?", The New American, https://www.thenewamerican.com/tech/item/18184-will-microchip-implants-in-humans-become-mandatory

Please note: I was never contacted directly about my involvement in this article.

Big Brother la purtător. Microcipurile RFID. N-aţi mai auzit de ele, dar nu înseamnă că au dispărut

This article is written in Romanian. An English translation using Google Translate is below.

Ştiinţa versus etică şi noi valenţe ale controlului social.
Văzută drept o inevitabilitate de către unii oameni de ştiinţă, ideea implanturilor stârneşte îngrijorări printre specialişti.
"Microcipurile RFID sunt, în esenţă, un generator al unui ID unic încorporat în corpul vostru. Aşa cum ştim, numerele pot fi furate şi datele pot fi accesate de hackeri." atrage atenţia Dr Katina Michael, profesor la University of Wollongong, specializată în implicaţiile socio-etice ale tehnologiilor emergente.
Nu este normal, arată specialista, ca problemele care afectează bazele de date şi computerele, precum atacurile hackerilor, să fie interconectate cu corpul uman. Mai mult, ne îndreptăm spre o societate de tip Big Brother în care se doreşte ca oamenii să poarte instrumentul prin care sunt spionaţi chiar în trupurile lor. "Guvernele şi marile corporaţii vor avea posibilitatea să urmărească acţiunile şi mişcările oamenilor, şi să îi încadreze în diferite categorii socio-economice, politice, rasiale, religioase sau grupuri de consum, pentru ca în final să ajungă să-i controleze.", mai avertizează Dr. Michael.
Dr. Michael este în special îngrijorată că oamenii vor fi forţaţi sau constrânşi să aibă un implant, lucru care, de altfel, explică ea, s-a şi întâmplat. "Această perspectivă este atât de îngrijorătoare încât cel puţin nouă state americane au interzis implanturile de microcipuri." a explicat ea.

More here

In English:

Big Brother to the bearer. RFID Microchips. You have not heard of them, but they do not mean they disappeared

RFID Chip.
Thousands of people are happy to swim under their skin, hit by happiness: now they can unlock their homes and cars, they can start their computers or mobile phones with only one hand move. They are not superhuman, but passionate about technology, who injected their own microchips into the body, according to a Sydney Herald article.

Named Biohackers, they use the so-called RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) chips as the latest technology hurtle that allows them to overcome the "human condition" that presses the lever to open a door and the button to opens a computer. Of the size of a rice grain, the RFID chips can be implanted very easily under the skin with a hypodermic needle.

Once inserted under the skin and activated, the implants send a unique ID (ID) that can be used to activate devices such as mobile phones and locks. The same type of chip is implanted and pets to be easily found if they are lost.

However, biohakers willingly choose to implant their chips, not for fear of losing, but because it is cool and everything seems to be easier. Note, however, that chips do not only send data to the devices we control, but also to huge databases of RFID user information such as personal data, addresses, medical data history, etc. databases controlled by governments, corporations, and which, experience proves, can be broken by hackers anytime.

Some methods of securing the data stored on the chip exist, but they are neither safe nor easy to implement.

RFID Chips

RFID chips are almost everywhere, on credit cards, and newer passports. Some RFIDs are provided with micro-batteries or other power supplies that enable them to operate hundreds of meters away so they do not need to be connected to a reader. This type of microchips can not be made small enough to be embedded in humans.

But others are. Embedded microchips in humans are wrapped in an organic coating that makes them easy to accept by the body, however, and very difficult to extract, once integrated into human tissue.

Everything comes with a price

And if life becomes apparently easier, the remote controls, mobile phones can be replaced with a certain microchip, it should be noted that state-of-the-art technology comes with a price. Cyber pecialist Mark Gasson, from the University of Reading, UK, became the first person to be infected with a computer virus after he injected himself a chip in 2009 to control the electronic devices in his office. The virus replicated on the building access cards used by university staff and infected the institution's database. Despite the "little inconvenience," Gasson and other scientists say the future belongs to the "computerized" population, making this scenario imminent.

The implants will change the world, they think, "They will change the very essence of what it means to be human," says Gasson. "People can no longer interact with society nowadays if they do not have a cell phone We believe that human implants will have a similar path It will be so disadvantageous not to have such an implant that it is essential to be obligatory! says Gasson.

Human communication versus electronic communication from the nervous system to the nervous system

And if humanity values he conscious communication through which people choose from the notion of thoughts to communicate and to whom, science approaches, by microcipation, a completely different kind of approach. Kevin Warwick, a professor of cybernetics at Reading University, implanted into his body an electronic device that interacts with his nervous system, a simpler version of that device being implanted into his wife's arm. The two could receive rudimentary signals from one to the other, proving that between two nerve systems it is possible to make purely electronic communication.

By going over the key question - if we want our thoughts to be known to wives, and vice versa - it should be noted that this kind of communication is, however, appropriate from robot to robot, even science proves it. Warwick's chip allows him to send orders via a computer to an artificial hand on another continent. The robot hand imitates any move made by Warwik's hand with the chip, whereas the connection that the scientist has established with his wife's nervous system is rudimentary, he perceiving only that she moves her hand, not what moves do with her.

Science versus ethics and new valences of social control.

Seen as an inevitability by some scientists, the idea of mplants raises concerns among specialists.

"RFID Microchips are basically a generator of a unique ID embedded in your body. As we know, numbers can be stolen and data can be accessed by hackers." draws attention to Dr Katina Michael, a professor at the University of Wollongong, specializing in the socio-ethical implications of emerging technologies.

It is not normal, the specialist shows, that issues affecting databases and computers, such as hacker attacks, should be interconnected with the human body. Moreover, we are heading towards a Big Brother society where people want to carry the instrument by which they are spied in their bodies. "Governments and large corporations will be able to track people's actions and movements, and put them in different socio-economic, political, racial, religious or consumer groups so they can eventually control them." warns Dr. Michael.

Dr. Michael is particularly worried that people will be forced or forced to have an implant, which, moreover, she explains, has happened. "This view is so worrying that at least nine US states banned microchip implants." she explained.

We recall that the famous ObamaCare, the law proposed by the US president, provided that Americans be "equipped" with medical devices, class II, implantable.

By willing and unwilling of anybody?

In 2007, a company called VeriChip implanted microchips in 200 Alzheimer's patients, with implants going to "shed" data about the elderly into a database of information about their medical history. The elderly, many of them indiscriminately, were in the care of an elderly home in Florida, which benefited from sponsorship from VeriChip.

The scandal broke out enormously after it was discovered that the experiment did not benefit from the approval of the Florida authorities responsible for the safety of people who are doing experiments and research.

The same company, Verichip implanted microchips in Mexico's Prosecutor General and senior team members, microchips having the stated purpose of providing them with access to secured areas in official buildings. It is said that the next step is to put a chip into the military and the police.

Moreover, Solusat, a distributor of VeriChip, announced that it has entered into an agreement with the Mexican National Foundation for the Investigation of Disappearances and Child Abduction to promote the "chipping" of children in the country.

How the chip could help finding missing children is unclear because they do not have GPS tracking technology. And other companies are making strong publicity on microchip implants, and their researchers are working hard to integrate them with GPS technology. Companies in the field expect to have, after doing this, an "enormous sales market."

The success, which shows the opposite of the idea, is a two-edged weapon. "Do you really want someone to follow your child and always know where he is?" ask those who are aware that information becomes good or harmful according to the purposes for which they are used.

Citation: Loredana Diacu, April 20, 2014, "Big Brother la purtător. Microcipurile RFID. N-aţi mai auzit de ele, dar nu înseamnă că au dispărut", Epoch Timeshttp://epochtimes-romania.com/news/big-brother-la-purtator-microcipurile-rfid-n-ati-mai-auzit-de-ele-dar-nu-inseamna-ca-au-disparut---216182

The Technological Trajectory: From Wearables to Implantables

Key Link

Katina MichaelUniversity of Wollongong
Katherine AlbrechtCASPIAN

Abstract

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We've seen waves of automatic identification innovation since the 1960s. First bar codes changed the face of the supermarket checkout, then magnetic-stripe cards changed banking, smart cards made a debut for telecommunications and much more in Europe especially, then biometrics for electronic benefits schemes and other government-to-citizen transactions, and the finally contactless cards and microchip implants for the identification of bovine, swine and fish. While the selection environment of these technologies continues to increase, integration and convergence of infrastructure and various auto-ID techniques is rapidly occurring. What does this mean for citizens in every day life? Will predictive analytics be used to manipulate our purchasing behaviours or decision making capacities? This discussion addresses matters to do with free will, autonomy, the right to be left alone, and human rights and dignity. It also maintains that the more time we give over to devices that we wear, the harder it will be to loose the shackles from the technology grip. Katina calls this high-tech lust. It is a type of addiction. How do we get back our work-life balance? In the busy world of instant communications how do we leave some time for the self to develop privately through meditation and other activities that bring us not closer to technology, but closer to each other as people.

Suggested Citation: Katina Michael and Katherine Albrecht. "The Technological Trajectory: From Wearables to Implantables" Katherine Albrecht: Talk Radio with a Freedom Twist Jul. 2013.

Big Brother an Inside Job

BY EMMA SHAW 25/02/2009 4:00:00 AM

Dr MG Michael wears a radio-frequency identification wristband, stick tag and button. Picture: GREG TOTMAN

Dr MG Michael wears a radio-frequency identification wristband, stick tag and button. Picture: GREG TOTMAN

Big Brother could soon be tracking our every thought and movement, according to a University of Wollongong academic who says microchips implanted in the human body could become commonplace within two or three generations.

Dr MG Michael, honorary senior fellow at the School of Information Systems and Technology, coined the term "uberveillance" to encompass the notion of surveillance systems as embedded networks within the human body.

"It is Big Brother not on the outside looking down, but on the inside looking out," Dr Michael said.

"We are presently witnessing the emergence of uberveillance in various forms.

"Today we have cars tagged with radio-frequency identification for use in electronic toll collection, animals that bear national livestock identification system tags, prisoners adorned with electronic bracelets and even people that have embedded chips for making transactions at VIP lounges at clubs."

Dr Michael, whose area of interest covers philosophy and theology, as well as the social implications of information communication technology, said the chips could be located just about anywhere in the human body.

He said the issue raised many concerns.

"There is currently a heightened tension between the trade-offs of national security versus personal security," Dr Michael said.

"There will always be the potential to use uberveillance in positive applications to save lives, but once instituted the risks, especially to human rights, are incalculable."

Citation: Emma Shaw, February 25, 2009, "Big Brother an inside job", Illawarra Mercury, https://works.bepress.com/mgmichael/36/

Humans 'will be implanted with microchips'

All Australians could be implanted with microchips for tracking and identification within the next two or three generations, a prominent academic says. 

This VeriChip microchip contains identity and health information and is embedded under the skin. (AAP)

This VeriChip microchip contains identity and health information and is embedded under the skin. (AAP)

Michael G Michael from the University of Wollongong's School of Information Systems and Technology, has coined the term "uberveillance" to describe the emerging trend of all- encompassing surveillance.

"Uberveillance is not on the outside looking down, but on the inside looking out through a microchip that is embedded in our bodies," Dr Michael told ninemsn. 

Microchips are commonly implanted into animals to reveal identification details when scanned and similar devices have been used with Alzheimers patients. US company VeriChip is already using implantable microchips, which store a 16-digit unique identification number, on humans for medical purposes. 

"Our focus is on high-risk patients, and our product's ability to identify them and their medical records in an emergency," spokesperson Allison Tomek said. "We do not know when or if someone will develop an implantable microchip with GPS technology, but it is not an application we are pursuing."

Another form of uberveillance is the use of bracelets worn by dangerous prisoners which use global positioning systems to pinpoint their movements. But Dr Michael said the technology behind uberveillance would eventually lead to a black box small enough to fit on a tiny microchip and implanted in our bodies. 

This could also allow someone to be located in an emergency or for the identification of corpses after a large scale disaster or terrorist attack. "This black box will then be a witness to our actual movements, words — perhaps even our thoughts —-and play a similar role to the black box placed in an aircraft," he said. 

He also predicted that microchip implants and their infrastructure could eliminate the need for e-passports, etags, and secure ID cards. "Microchipping I think will eventually become compulsory in the context of identification within the frame of national security," he said.
Although uberveillance was only in its early phases, Dr Michael's wife, Katina Michael — a senior lecturer from UOW's School of Information Systems and Technology — said the ability to track and identify any individual was already possible.

"Anyone with a mobile phone can be tracked to 15m now," she said, pointing out that most mobile phone handsets now contained GPS receivers and radio frequency identification (RFID) readers. "The worst scenario is the absolute loss of human rights," she said. 

Wisconsin, North Dakota and four other states in the US have already outlawed the use of enforced microchipping. "Australia hasn't got specific regulations addressing these applications," she said. "We need to address the potential for misuse by amending privacy laws to ensure personal data protection."

Uberveillance has been nominated for Macquarie Dictionary's Word of the Year 2008.

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Citation: Josephine Asher, "Humans 'will be implanted with microchips'", ninemsn.com, January 30, 2009.

Addendum: The following comment was provided but was not included in the final production of the article for reasons of space and readability. I provide here regardless.

  • "Technology is not foolproof. That’s one of the paradoxes of these surveillance systems," Katina Michael said. "Our ethical and legislative discourse lags far behind the diffusion and application of location based services. "There needs to be some public discourse and debate."

  • Dr Katina Michael recently received a grant from the Australian Research Council to research and propose new regulations to address these new technologies. "Implants is only one small component of the research - the main things we’re investigating relate to consumer mobile location records and data protection, socio-ethical dilemmas related to social networking applications based on the tracking of other human beings and privacy.

  • "Where do we stop and where do we begin? We have to be very careful at this early point as the new capabilities and their effects on society are relatively untested," Katina said.