Microchipping Employees and Potential Workplace Surveillance

fortune.jpg

British companies are planning to implant staff with microchips to improve security. Sputnik spoke about it to Katina Michael, professor of the Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences at the University of Wollongong.

Sputnik: Could companies sell employees' personal data to third parties?

Katina Michael: The first thing to know is that before an employer considers selling implant discrete data to a third party, they would likely use it to monitor their staff. For example, for physical access control, the way staff congregate to exchange ideas, how often they use the restroom, how fast they may be finishing and completing some tasks. It is not to say that that would occur, but quite possibly it would be used as a timestamp device. In comparison, today we commonly find facial recognition or fingerprint recognition allows employees to log their time at work.

But a company now can use this technology to introspectively look at what employees are doing. I mean, we can consider employers today gathering data on their employees by using smartphones: I know a lot of companies sign off an agreement when they do offer their employees a company-sponsored smartphone, identifying that they may well log their locations and time based on the company smartphone. Otherwise, I don't believe that a corporation would sell that information.

Sputnik: But if companies were to sell personal data to third parties, what could employees do to prevent that from happening?

Katina Michael: Employees would not be able to block the distribution of data gathered from their implantable devices, unless they've signed some legal agreement not allowing consent to occur or through local workplace surveillance laws. And so they can block the corporation from sharing that information with other companies, such as health insurance providers.

Sputnik: Could employers know if staff contacted a competitor about a job?

Katina Michael: You have to consider that the diffusion of the implants is only a couple hundred people, for example, in the UK, and many of them are not in the employment context. In one case there was an implant device granted to someone with a systematic technology need, an amputee; and when we look at these more widely in the world we could say that probably a few thousand people at most, who are hobbyists to get an implant because they are infused by technology and progress, and being able to automate certain aspects of their life.

I don't believe that, for the time being, information would be provided when one implantee meets another implantee, because of the limitations of the mutual communication and the radio frequency identification being used in that technology. These technologies don't act like smartphones; for the time being the devices are proximity devices that require you to be no more than ten centimeters away from a reader.

Citation: Katina Michael and Laurie Timmers, 2018, “Businesses to Microchip Employees 'to Monitor' Staff”, Sputnik International News, https://sputniknews.com/analysis/201811121069747561-business-microchip--monitor-staff/

Más cerca los chips implantados en humanos

Disclaimer: The author of this article did not contact me for a statement.

The article is all over the place. I include it here, as a representative article alone, of a whole genre of articles that deals with Obamacare, identity technologies over time, and much more.

 

In Spanish:

Más cerca los chips implantados en humanos

El nuevo DNI español con chip permite incorporar infinidad de datos personales, incluyendo radiografías, informes médicos y las veces que se sale o entra del territorio nacional.

”Un chip es un circuito integrado que puede ser utilizado en el tejido subcutáneo con diversos fines que van, desde el control policial o sanitario, hasta el ajuste de terapias para determinados pacientes. La tecnología se va abriendo camino en el campo de la biointegración tecnológica de elementos extraños, electrónicos u ópticos, que guardan u ofrecen información sobre nosotros. Pero, ¿dónde están las barreras legales o éticas? Los microchips son aproximadamente del tamaño de un grano de arroz y se basan en una tecnología pasiva, NWO, una gran revolución tecnológica que podrá suponer también muchos adelantos en el campo de la medicina, en el desarrollo del consumo pero sobre todo un control sobre los ciudadanos. En este reportaje de Lourdes S. Payán encontraremos todas las respuestas a tan apasionante tema de actualidad.

 

Los chips subcutáneos son del tamaño de un grano de arroz. Por otra parte, la empresa MC10 está trabajando en una amplia gama de "tatuajes inteligentes" que serán capaces de hacer cosas sorprendentes y que quieren integrar a smartphones.

ESTADOS UNIDOS-Ley sanitaria

Obama Aprueba una nueva ley HR 3590 y también la 4872 la cual entre otras cosas exige que todos los ciudadanos de los EE.UU tengan el RIFD implantado. RFID (siglas de Radio Frequency IDentification, en español identificación por radiofrecuencia) es un sistema de almacenamiento y recuperación de datos remoto que usa dispositivos denominados etiquetas, tarjetas, transpondedores o tags RFID. El propósito fundamental de la tecnología RFID es transmitir la identidad de un objeto (similar a un número de serie único) mediante ondas de radio. Las tecnologías RFID se agrupan dentro de las denominadas Auto ID (automatic identification, o identificación automática).

Esta medida ya se lleva poniendo en marcha desde hace algunos años en Estados Unidos y en otros países en secreto; a manera de experimento también ha sido implantado voluntariamente en todo el mundo para localizar a la extraviada mascota y se sigue usando aún después del descontento de muchos dueños, que han reportado cáncer en sus mascotas tras la implantación del chip. Algunos ciudadanos lo hacen voluntariamente y en algunos colegios de Sudamérica ya se lleva un chip implantado en el uniforme de los estudiantes para tener un mayor control de los mismos.

La nueva ley apoyada por Obama y el Congreso de tal país, indica entre otras obligaciones, que el ciudadano estadounidense use un chip como medida de precaución, según marca el gobierno, el que incluirá toda la información de la persona, es un banco de datos en el cual se podrá saber todo acerca de la persona como fecha de nacimiento, tipo de sangre, estado civil, domicilio, enfermedades que padece y por supuesto las cuentas de banco entre mucha más información, incluso se ha mencionado que el chip ha sido preparado de forma muy minuciosa y probado mucho antes en animales, incluso hay información sobre un experimento que se realizó con éxito en un toro salvaje el cual recibió mediante una inyección un prototipo del chip, el toro que mostraba gran salvajismo, quedo pasivo al recibir impulsos eléctricos a través de un control remoto.

Precisamente esta es la baza que se está jugando a la hora de implantar toda esta tecnología de control: la fácil aceptación por parte de las generaciones más jóvenes.

Un buen ejemplo de ello lo estamos viendo en los propios parques de atracciones norteamericanos, donde se están implementando todo tipo de mecanismos de control, como por ejemplo los escáneres biométricos mediante huella dactilar.

“Se proyecta que el FBI habrá compilado 52 millones de imágenes faciales para el año 2015″. Dicho en otras palabras: en pocos años, el FBI será capaz de identificar y monitorear a cualquier persona que camine por la calle solo grabándola con alguna de los miles de cámaras que ya copan las ciudades norteamericanas, según el Programa "Next Generation Identification"

SISTEMA DE SALUD EN EEUU

Para ser atendido en un hospital deberás llevar el chip implantado con el que se te identificará y verán tu seguro social y tu historial médico. (Lo más importante tu posicionamiento) y así a todo el pueblo norteamericano (en un comienzo, para luego promover esto mundialmente),de esta forma, Estados Unidos será la primera nación del planeta que requerirá que todos sus ciudadanos tengan el implante subcutáneo de un microchip de identificación por radiofrecuencia (RFID).

Requisitos de Implantación: Sec. 2521, Pág. 1000 – El gobierno establecerá un Registro Nacional de Dispositivos Médicos

¿Qué significa un Registro Nacional de Dispositivos Médicos? Registro Nacional de Dispositivos Médicos en H.R. 3200 [Cobertura de Salud], páginas 1001-1008:(g)(1) El Ministerio establecerá un registro nacional de dispositivos médicos (en esta subsección se lo menciona como “registro”) para facilitar el análisis de los datos resultantes y la seguridad de cada dispositivo que –“(A) sea o haya sido usado en un paciente; “(B) y sea –“(i) un dispositivo de clase III; o “(ii) un dispositivo de clase II que sea implantable, de soporte o sustento de vida.”

Luego en la página 1004 describe lo que significa el término “datos” usado en el párrafo 1, sección B:

‘‘(B) En este párrafo, el término “datos” se refiere a la información referente al dispositivo descrito en el párrafo 1, incluyendo datos de órdenes médicas, datos de consultas de los pacientes, archivos de análisis estandarizados que permitan la estadística y análisis de datos procedentes de diferentes entornos de datos, registros electrónicos de salud, y cualquier otra información considerada apropiada por el Ministerio”

¿Qué es exactamente un dispositivo de clase II implantable? Aprobado por la FDA, un dispositivo implantable de clase II es un “sistema transpondedor de radio frecuencia implantable para la identificación del paciente y la información de su salud”. El objetivo del dispositivo de clase II es recoger datos en los pacientes médicos, tales como “datos de las órdenes médicas, los datos de la consulta de los pacientes, los archivos de análisis estandarizados que permitan la estadística y análisis de los datos procedentes de diferentes entornos de datos, registros de salud electrónicos, y cualquier otra información que considerada apropiada por el Ministerio.

Esta nueva ley – al ser implementada – proveerá el marco para hacer de los Estados Unidos la primera nación en el mundo en requerir que cada uno de sus ciudadanos tengan implantados en ellos un microchip de identificación por radiofrecuencia (RFID) con el propósito de controlar quién es la persona y permitir el seguro de salud en su país. No lo cree? 


Cobertura de Salud H.R. 3200 (Healthcare Bill H.R.) 3200:

1001-1008 Sección “Registro Nacional de Dispositivos Médicos”.

Página 1006 “a ser implementada en los 36 meses de vigencia”.

Página 503 “… vigilancia del dispositivo médico” ¿Por qué el gobierno usaría la palabra “vigilancia” al referirse a ciudadanos? La definición de “vigilancia” es el monitoreo del comportamiento, actividades, u otras informaciones cambiantes, comúnmente de personas y siempre de manera secreta. En teoría, la intención de agilizar la asistencia de salud y de eliminar el fraude a través de “chips de cobertura de la salud” parece correcto. Pero, que la única superpotencia del mundo (América, por ahora) obligue al uso (página 1006) de un dispositivo implantable es terrorífico. 

¿Microchips incluidos en la ley de Cobertura Médica?

El ex Ministro de Salud y Servicios Humanos (HHS), Tommy Thompson, quien sirvió en el primer mandato del gobierno de Bush, se unió a la junta de directores de Applied Digital. Applied Digital como todos saben es el propietario de VeriChip.

El nuevo Sistema de Salud. (VeriChip, Implantes Humanos RFID)
 


Implante Humano de Detección de Virus Verichi


COMPUTACION PORTATIL



La empresa MC10 está trabajando en una amplia gama de "tatuajes inteligentes" que serán capaces de hacer cosas realmente salvajes, "El Investigador de Materiales John Rogers está realizando un trabajo increíble con la electrónica flexible que se pega a la piel como un tatuaje temporal. La llamada electrónica epidural puede hacer cualquier cosa, desde el seguimiento de tus constantes vitales hasta alertarte cuando empiezas a quemarte por el sol.

Rogers y su empresa MC10 están tratando de encontrar vías de comunicación entre estos dispositivos electrónicos con otros dispositivos inteligentes, como smartphones, para que puedan comenzar a crear aplicaciones". Y Motorola, de hecho, ya dispone de una patente para un tatuaje que recibirá órdenes procedentes de palabras no vocalizadas en tu garganta…
"El tatuaje que tienen en mente estará estampado sobre las cuerdas vocales para interceptar los comandos de voz sutil, o incluso los susurros totalmente internos que no hacen vibrar las cuerdas vocales cuando no reciben aprobación cerebral completa. Ellos lo llaman "computación portátil" y lo que estamos viendo sólo el grano de arena en la playa.

GTRES -CHIPS SIMILARES AL CEREBRO HUMANO

Un grupo de científicos ha creado un chip "similar al cerebro" que interpreta datos complejos, la silueta de un cerebro humano sobre un circuito de un ordenador. (GTRES). Se trata de un superordenador neurosináptico del tamaño de un sello pero que funciona con la energía equivalente a la de una batería de un audífono. El anuncio, publicado en 'Science', sienta las bases de la computación basada en el cerebro, y podría transformar la ciencia, la tecnología y los negocios. "Ahora estamos más cerca de crear un ordenador similar a nuestro cerebro", precisa el profesor Rajit Manohar, de Cornell Tech. Los científicos de IBM han creado algo que no existía hasta la fecha: un chip de segunda generación que se trata de un superordenador neurosináptico del tamaño de un sello postal pero que funciona únicamente con la energía equivalente a la de una batería de un audífono.

El anuncio, recién publicado en la revista Science en colaboración con Cornell Tech, sienta las bases de la computación basada en el cerebro, y podría transformar la ciencia, la tecnología, los negocios, las administraciones y la sociedad, con aplicaciones en el campo de la visión, audición y multisensoriales, según una nota de IBM. Se trata del primer chip de computación neurosináptica y alcanza la escala de un millón de neuronas programables y 256 millones de sinapsis programables. IMB recuerda que existe una enorme disparidad entre la capacidad cognitiva del cerebro humano y su bajísimo consumo de energía, en comparación con los ordenadores actuales. Para reducir esa brecha, los científicos han creado "una arquitectura de computación completamente nueva, escalable y eficiente, inspirada en la neurociencia y que abre un nuevo camino respecto a la arquitectura von Neumann utilizada casi universalmente desde 1946". "Es un supercomputador del tamaño de un sello, del peso de una pluma y que consume lo mismo que un audífono. Es una innovación genuinamente radical", indicó en Science el científico jefe del equipo de IBM que ha desarrollado el producto, Dharmendra Modha.

Según sus desarrolladores, otra gran ventaja del nuevo microchip es que consume menos energía que los diseños tradicionales, lo que lo hace mucho más eficiente. "Nos hemos basado en dos aspectos de la neurociencia: la neuroanatomía para la estructura y la neurofisiología para los sistemas", explicó Modha. Cómo trabaja este chip de segunda generación es la culminación de casi una década de investigación y desarrollo. Este chip de segunda generación, que podría ser la puerta hacia la era de las grandes redes neuronales, es la culminación de casi una década de investigación y desarrollo, e incluye un prototipo inicial de un chip con un solo núcleo y un ecosistema de software con un nuevo lenguaje de programación y un simulador de chip. Con 5.400 millones de transistores, este chip totalmente operativo, y "el primero en producción a escala, es actualmente uno de los mayores chips CMOS jamás construido", y tiene un consumo minúsculo de 70 milivatios (mW) en ejecución a tiempo real biológico, es decir, varios órdenes de magnitud de gasto de energía inferiores a los de un moderno microprocesador. El nuevo chip tiene una red bidimensional de 4.096 núcleos neurosinápticos digitales distribuidos, donde cada uno de ellos integra memoria, computación y comunicación.

La Agencia de Proyectos de Investigación Avanzada de Defensa (Darpa) financia el proyecto desde 2008 con casi 55 millones de dólares durante la fase 0,1, 2 y 3 del programa Synapse (Systems of Neuromorphic Adaptive Plastic Scalable Electronics); entre sus colaboradores actuales están Cornell Tech e IniLabs. El chip incorpora tecnología de fabricación de 28 nanómetros, de memoria en chip compacta y transistores de baja corriente de fuga. "Es un logro sorprendente utilizar el proceso tradicional del ámbito de los dispositivos móviles de bajo consumo para conseguir un chip que emule al cerebro humano, y sea capaz de procesar grandes cantidades de información sensorial con poco consumo", según Shawn Han, vicepresidente de Foundry Marketing, Samsung Electronics. "Ahora estamos ahora más cerca de crear un ordenador similar a nuestro cerebro", precisa el profesor Rajit Manohar, de Cornell Tech.

REINO UNIDO

Por ejemplo, la BBC publicó un artículo titulado "¿Por qué deseo que me implanten un Microchip? - Why I Want A Microchip Implant" en el que explican que estos implantes podrían resolver toda una serie de problemas sociales. El robo de identidad y fraude con tarjetas de crédito estarían casi eliminados, muchas otras formas de delincuencia se reducirían significativamente, los niños nunca desaparecerían y no tendríamos que recordar una tan amplia gama de contraseñas y números PIN como hacemos ahora. EL Dr. Mark Gasson, experto en cibernética de la Universidad de Reading, en el Reino Unido, se convirtió en el primer ser humano en ser infectado por un virus informático, después de que en 2009 se implantara a sí mismo un microchip para controlar los dispositivos electrónicos en su oficina.

El virus se replicó en las tarjetas identificativas del personal con acceso a su edificio e infectó la base de datos de la universidad. No obstante, Gasson de la Reading University y otros científicos dicen que un nuevo mundo con la población masivamente computarizada es inminente e inevitable.

Creo que los implantes de chips en humanos recorrerán un camino similar. Será tal la desventaja de no llevar el implante que esencialmente no será algo opcional". El año pasado, la línea entre el hombre y la máquina se hizo aún más borrosa, cuando la Universidad de Stanford anunció que sus científicos habían creado el primer transistor puramente biológico creado completamente a partir de material genético.

MEXICO

El fiscal general de México y altos funcionarios de su personal han recibido implantes de VeriChip que les da acceso a áreas seguras en su cuartel general y los siguientes de la lista en ser chipeados, según se informa, serán los militares y la policía del país.

El distribuidor de VeriChip, Solusat, también ha anunciado un acuerdo con la Fundación Nacional para la Investigación de Niños Secuestrados y Perdidos de México, para promover la implantación del microchip en los niños del país.

Ahora la empresa VeriChip ha cambiado su nombre, tras un aluvión de publicidad negativa y se ha convertido en un promotor de lo que llaman "sistemas de detección biológica", llamado PositiveID.

Otras compañías también están comercializando los implantes de microchips y sus investigadores están trabajando para integrarlos con tecnología GPS. Se pronostica que cuando lo consigan, los productos ganaran un gran mercado internacional.

ESPAÑA

En España todos tenemos las huellas dactilares registradas en nuestro DNI desde hace años, algo que para los ciudadanos de otros países representaría una intrusión inaceptable en su intimidad y sin embargo nos parece la cosa más normal del mundo.

Si a estas alturas alguien cree que estos sistemas de control no se extenderán a Europa y en una década al resto de países del mundo es que tiene un grave problema con su ingenuidad, solo hay que visitar otras ciudades del mundo. En todas ellas encontrarán computadoras, Internet, smartphones, tablets, Mcdonald’s, Coca-Cola, VISA y Mastercard, Starbucks, Zara, Ikea, Nike-.

AFRICA

Testigo del control biométrico: “Algunas de las soluciones biométricas están ayudando a resolver problemas de suministro de vacunas en África. Hoy en día, un registro de vacunación biométrica ayuda a garantizar que millones de niños de corta edad reciban la vacuna que necesitan para salvar sus vidas. Y al saber quién se ha vacunado, estos preciosos medicamentos que salvan vidas no se desperdician por un exceso de vacunación en unos y falta de vacunación en otros”.

QUENES LO DEFIENDEN A ULTRANZA


Kevin Warwick, profesor de cibernética en la Universidad de Reading, describió el descubrimiento como el componente final necesario para que una computadora biológica pueda operar dentro de las células vivas y reprograme los sistemas vivos. El mismo lleva incorporado un dispositivo electrónico en su cuerpo que se conecta con el sistema nervioso y su esposa lleva implantado en el brazo otro dispositivo más simple.

El empresario de Internet y activista del software libre Jonathan Oxer, se implantó a sí mismo un microchip en el año 2004, después de obtener el mismo kit que usan los veterinarios con las mascotas. Se le describe como "un ciborg en construcción . 

OPOSITORES DE ESTAS TECNOLOGIAS

Son muchos, los que se oponen a lo que esconde o enmascaran estos adelantos, ir en contra de la madre naturaleza nunca salió rentable para el ser humano ,según Katina Michael " profesora asociada de la Universidad de Wollongong, los microchips RFID son esencialmente un identificador único incrustado en tu cuerpo, y como sabemos, los números pueden ser robados y los datos pueden ser hackeados. Incorporar un problema informático externo en el cuerpo humano está lleno de peligros.

¿TERMINREMOS SIENDO TAN SOLO MAQUINAS CON BASE BIOLOGICA?

Quedan claros los subterfugios que se van a utilizar para justificar el avance de estas tecnologías de control masivo: los niños enfermos, la seguridad, la lucha contra la delincuencia, los pobres ancianitos incapacitados o los gatitos perdidos.

Y con ello, de paso, conseguirán que cualquiera que se niegue a aceptarlas o que exponga sus peligros, quede de cara a la opinión pública como una persona paranoica, retrógrada y fanatizada, y es que lo que estamos viviendo parece propio de una película o serie de Hollywood

Hay muchos ciudadanos que se oponen al uso del chip, incluso algunos grupos religiosos hablan de profecías Bíblicas donde se citan tales sistemas, pero no solo los religiosos son los que se oponen sino también algunos estudiosos, psicólogos, sociólogos e intelectuales en general, que están investigando de manera objetiva algunos de sus usos y también sus consecuencias, se ha publicado en diversos medios cuales son algunos otros objetivos del chip en la próxima década ya que muchos no se han dado a conocer de manera abierta.

Continuará haciéndose despacio pero sin pausa como hasta ahora, para que los individuos lo vayan viendo como algo indispensable y lógico, pero pensar tan solo por un instante que incluso se podrán interpretar por medio de impulsos los pensamientos y las emociones de los ciudadanos, de tal manera que si se encuentra algo sospechoso en algún ciudadano, se pueda desactivar el chip en cualquier momento haciendo que el ciudadano prácticamente dejara de existir, por lo menos en la sociedad, será como una especie de marginado o lacra social que incluso no podrá siquiera comprar me parece terrorífico y descabellado. La información lleva servida muchos años, y está en la dosis necesaria para poder sacar nuestras propias conclusiones, y que nada pase desapercibido, ya en la historia del cine, han sido muchas películas las que nos daban señales, "El Quinto Elemento " por ejemplo, no nos dejó sin huella y no dactilar precisamente. To be continued...

 

Translation into English

Closer to the chips implanted in humans

By Lourdes S. Payán

By Lourdes S. Payan

More articles by this author

Saturday, February 21, 2015 , 08: 53h

 

 

 

 

"A chip is an integrated circuit that can be used in subcutaneous tissue for various purposes ranging from police or health control to the adjustment of therapies for certain patients. Technology is making its way in the field of technological biointegration of strange elements, electronic or optical, that store or offer information about us. But where are the legal or ethical barriers? The microchips are about the size of a grain of rice and are based on a passive technology, NWO, a great technological revolution that can also mean many advances in the field of medicine, in the development of consumption but above all a control over the citizens. In this report by Lourdes S. Payán we will find all the answers to such an exciting topic.

 

The subcutaneous chips are the size of a grain of rice. On the other hand, the company MC10 is working on a wide range of "smart tattoos" that will be able to do amazing things and want to integrate smartphones.




UNITED STATES-Health Law

Obama Approves a new law HR 3590 and also the 4872 which among other things requires that all US citizens have the RIFD implanted. RFID (abbreviation for Radio Frequency IDentification) is a remote data storage and retrieval system that uses devices called tags, cards, transponders or RFID tags. The fundamental purpose of RFID technology is to transmit the identity of an object (similar to a unique serial number) by radio waves. RFID technologies are grouped within the so-called Auto ID (automatic identification).

This measure has been underway for some years in the United States and in other countries in secret; As an experiment, it has also been voluntarily implanted around the world to locate the lost pet and is still used even after the discontent of many owners, who have reported cancer in their pets after the implantation of the chip. Some citizens do it voluntarily and in some schools in South America a chip is already implanted in the students' uniform to have a greater control over them. 

The new law supported by Obamaand the Congress of such country, indicates among other obligations, that the US citizen use a chip as a precautionary measure, according to the government, which will include all the information of the person, is a data bank in which you can know everything about the person as date of birth, blood type, marital status, address, illnesses suffered and of course the bank accounts among much more information, it was even mentioned that the chip has been prepared in a very thorough and proven much earlier in animals, there is even information about an experiment that was carried out successfully in a wild bull which received by injection a prototype of the chip, the bull that showed great savagery, was passive when receiving electrical impulses through a remote control .

Precisely this is the trick that is being played when implementing all this control technology: the easy acceptance by the younger generations. 

A good example of this is seen in the North American amusement parks, where all kinds of control mechanisms are being implemented, such as biometric fingerprint scanners. 

"It is projected that the FBI will have compiled 52 million facial images for 2015." In other words: in a few years, the FBI will be able to identify and monitor anyone who walks down the street only by recording it with one of the thousands of cameras that American cities already have, according to the "Next Generation Identification" Program

HEALTH SYSTEM IN THE USA

To be treated in a hospital, you must carry the implanted chip with which you will be identified and you will see your social security and medical history. (Most importantly, your positioning) and so to all the American people (at first, to promote this worldwide), in this way, the United States will be the first nation on the planet that will require all its citizens to have the subcutaneous implant of a radio frequency identification microchip (RFID). 

Implementation Requirements: Sec. 2521, p. 1000 - The government will establish a National Registry of Medical Devices

What does a National Registry of Medical Devices mean? National Registry of Medical Devices in HR 3200 [Health Coverage], pages 1001-1008: (g) (1) The Ministry will establish a national registry of medical devices (in this subsection it is referred to as a "registry") to facilitate the analysis of the resulting data and the safety of each device that - "(A) is or has been used on a patient; "(B) and be -" (i) a class III device; or "(ii) a class II device that is implantable, supportive or life-sustaining." 

Then on page 1004 describes what the term "data" used in paragraph 1, section B, means:

'' (B) In this paragraph, the term "data" refers to information regarding the device described in paragraph 1, including medical order data, patient consultation data, standardized analysis files that allow statistics and analysis of data from different data environments, electronic health records, and any other information deemed appropriate by the Ministry "

What exactly is an implantable class II device? Approved by the FDA, a class II implantable device is an "implantable radio frequency transponder system for patient identification and health information." The objective of the class II device is to collect data in medical patients, such as "data from medical orders, patient consultation data, standardized analysis files that allow statistics and analysis of data from different data environments, electronic health records, and any other information deemed appropriate by the Ministry.

This new law - when implemented - will provide the framework to make the United States the first nation in the world to require that each of its citizens have a radio frequency identification (RFID) microchip implanted in them in order to control who is the person and allow health insurance in your country. Do not believe it?


Health Coverage HR 3200 (Healthcare Bill HR) 3200: 

1001-1008 Section "National Registry of Medical Devices." 

Page 1006 "to be implemented in the 36 months of validity". 

Page 503 "... surveillance of the medical device" Why would the government use the word "surveillance" when referring to citizens? The definition of "vigilance" is the monitoring of behavior, activities, or other changing information, commonly of people and always secretly. In theory, the intention to streamline health care and eliminate fraud through "health coverage chips" seems correct. But, that the only superpower in the world (America, for now) requires the use (page 1006) of an implantable device is terrifying.

Microchips included in the Medical Coverage law? 

Former Minister of Health and Human Services (HHS), Tommy Thompson , who served in the first term of the Bush administration, joined the board of directors of Applied Digital. Applied Digital as you all know is the owner of VeriChip. 

The new Health System. (VeriChip, Human RFID Implants)
 


Human Virus Detection Verichi


PORTABLE COMPUTATION



The MC10 company is working on a wide range of "smart tattoos" that will be able to do really wild things, "Material Researcher John Rogers is doing an amazing job with flexible electronics that stick to the skin like a tattoo The electronic epidural call can do anything from monitoring your vital signs to alerting you when you start to get burned by the sun.

Rogers and his company MC10 are trying to find ways of communicating between these electronic devices with other smart devices, such as smartphones, so they can start creating applications. "And Motorola, in fact, already has a patent for a tattoo that will receive orders coming from words not vocalized in your throat ... 
"The tattoo you have in mind will be stamped on the vocal cords to intercept the subtle voice commands, or even the totally internal whispers that do not vibrate the vocal cords when they do not receive full brain approval. They call it "portable computing" and what we're seeing is just the grain of sand on the beach. 

GTRES-SIMILAR CHIPS TO THE HUMAN BRAIN

A group of scientists has created a chip "similar to the brain" that interprets complex data, the silhouette of a human brain on a circuit of a computer. (GTRES). It is a neurosynaptic supercomputer the size of a seal but works with the equivalent energy of a battery in a hearing aid. The announcement, published in 'Science', lays the foundations of brain-based computing, and could transform science, technology and business. "We are now closer to creating a computer similar to our brain," says Professor Rajit Manohar of Cornell Tech . IBMscientiststhey have created something that did not exist to date: a second-generation chip that is a neurosynaptic supercomputer the size of a postage stamp but works only with the energy equivalent of a battery in a hearing aid.

The ad, just published in the journal Science in collaboration with Cornell Tech, lays the foundations of brain-based computing, and could transform science, technology, business, government and society, with applications in the field of vision, hearing and multisensory, according to an IBM note. It is the first neurosynaptic computer chip and reaches the scale of one million programmable neurons and 256 million programmable synapses. IMB remembers that there is a huge disparity between the cognitive capacity of the human brain and its very low energy consumption, compared to current computers. To reduce that gap, scientists have created "a completely new, scalable and efficient computing architecture, inspired by neuroscience and that opens a new path with respect to the von Neumann architecture used almost universally since 1946. "" It is a supercomputer the size of a stamp, the weight of a pen and consumes the same as a hearing aid. It is a genuinely radical innovation, "said the chief scientist of the IBM team that developed the product, Dharmendra Modha, in Science.

According to its developers, another great advantage of the new microchip is that it consumes less energy than traditional designs, which makes it much more efficient. "We have relied on two aspects of neuroscience: neuroanatomy for structure and neurophysiology for systems," explained Modha.. How this second generation chip works is the culmination of almost a decade of research and development. This second-generation chip, which could be the gateway to the era of large neural networks, is the culmination of almost a decade of research and development, and includes an initial prototype of a single-core chip and a software ecosystem with a new programming language and a chip simulator. With 5,400 million transistors, this fully operational chip, and "the first in scale production, is currently one of the largest CMOS chips ever built", and has a miniscule consumption of 70 milliwatts (mW) in real time biological execution, that is, several orders of magnitude of energy expenditure lower than those of a modern microprocessor. The new chip has a two-dimensional network of 4.

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) has financed the project since 2008 with almost 55 million dollars during phases 0,1, 2 and 3 of the Synapse program (Systems of Neuromorphic Adaptive Plastic Scalable Electronics) ; among his current collaborators are Cornell Tech and IniLabs. The chip incorporates 28 nanometer manufacturing technology, compact chip memory and low leakage current transistors. "It's a surprising achievement to use the traditional process of low-power mobile devices to get a chip that emulates the human brain, and is capable of processing large amounts of sensory information with little consumption," said Shawn Han, vice president of Foundry. Marketing, Samsung Electronics. "Now we are closer to creating a computer similar to our brain," says Professor Rajit Manohar of Cornell Tech. 

UNITED KINGDOM

For example, the BBC published an article entitled "Why do I want to implant a Microchip? - Why I Want A Microchip Implant" in which they explain that these implants could solve a whole series of social problems. Identity theft and credit card fraud would be almost eliminated, many other forms of crime would be significantly reduced, children would never disappear and we would not have to remember such a wide range of passwords and PINs as we do now. Dr. Mark Gasson, an expert in cybernetics at the University of Reading , in the United Kingdom, became the first human being to be infected by a computer virus, after in 2009 he implanted himself a microchip to control the electronic devices in your office.

The virus was replicated on identification cards of staff with access to their building and infected the university's database. However, Gasson of Reading University and other scientists say that a new world with a massively computerized population is imminent and inevitable. 

I believe that the implants of chips in humans will follow a similar path. The disadvantage of not wearing the implant will be such that it will not be something optional. "Last year, the line between man and machine became even more blurred, when Stanford University announced that its scientists had created the first purely transistor biological completely created from genetic material. 

MEXICO

The Attorney General of Mexico and senior officials of his staff have received VeriChip implants that give them access to safe areas in their headquarters and the following ones from the list to be chipped, reportedly, will be the military and the police of the country. 

The VeriChip distributor , Solusat, has also announced an agreement with the National Foundation for the Investigation of Kidnapped and Lost Children of Mexico, to promote the implementation of the microchip in the country's children. 

Now the company VeriChip has changed its name, after a flood of negative publicity and has become a promoter of what they call "biological detection systems", called PositiveID.

Other companies are also commercializing the microchip implants and their researchers are working to integrate them with GPS technology. It is predicted that when they succeed, the products will win a large international market. 

SPAIN

In Spain we all have the fingerprints registered in our ID for years, something that for citizens of other countries would represent an unacceptable intrusion into their privacy and yet it seems the most normal thing in the world.

If at this point someone believes that these control systems will not spread to Europe and in a decade to other countries in the world is that it has a serious problem with its naivety, you just have to visit other cities in the world. In all of them you will find computers, Internet, smartphones, tablets, Mcdonald's, Coca-Cola, VISA and Mastercard, Starbucks, Zara, Ikea, Nike-. 

AFRICA

Witness of biometric control: "Some of the biometric solutions are helping to solve vaccine supply problems in Africa. Today, a biometric vaccination record helps ensure that millions of young children receive the vaccine they need to save their lives. And knowing who has been vaccinated, these precious medicines that save lives are not wasted by an excess of vaccination in some and lack of vaccination in others. 

WHAT THEY DEFEND ULTIMATELY


Kevin Warwick, professor of cybernetics at the University of Reading, described the discovery as the final component necessary for a biological computer to operate within living cells and reprogram living systems. It has an electronic device in its body that connects with the nervous system and his wife has another simpler device implanted in his arm. 

Internet entrepreneur and free software activist Jonathan Oxer, implanted himself a microchip in 2004, after obtaining the same kit that veterinarians use with pets. It is described as "a cyborg under construction." 

OPPOSITORS OF THESE TECHNOLOGIES

There are many, those who oppose what hides or masks these advances, go against Mother Nature never came out profitable for the human being, according to Katina Michael "Associate Professor at the University of Wollongong, RFID microchips are essentially an identifier only embedded in your body, and as we know, numbers can be stolen and the data can be hacked. Incorporating an external computer problem in the human body is full of dangers. 

¿TERMINREMOS still only MACHINES wITH BASE BIOLOGICA?

clarity on the subterfuges that they will be used to justify the advancement of these mass control technologies: sick children, security, the fight against crime, the poor disabled old people or the lost kittens.

And with this, in the process, they will get anyone who refuses to accept them or exposes their dangers, to face the public opinion as a paranoid, retrograde and fanatical person, and that what we are living seems like a movie or Hollywood series

There are many citizens who oppose the use of the chip, even some religious groups speak of Biblical prophecies where such systems are cited, but not only the religious are those who oppose but also some scholars, psychologists, sociologists and intellectuals in general , which are objectively investigating some of their uses and also their consequences, has been published in various media which are some other objectives of the chip in the next decade since many have not been publicized in an open manner.

It will continue to be done slowly but without pause as it has been until now, so that individuals see it as something indispensable and logical, but only think for a moment that even the thoughts and emotions of citizens can be interpreted by means of impulses. so that if something suspicious is found in some citizen, the chip can be deactivated at any time, causing the citizen to practically cease to exist, at least in society, it will be like a kind of marginalized or social scourge that he will not even be able to buy It seems terrifying and crazy. The information has been used for many years, and is in the dose necessary to draw our own conclusions, and nothing goes unnoticed, and in the history of cinema, many movies have given us signals,"

Citation: Lourdes S. Payán, February 21, 2015 http://www.elmundofinanciero.com/noticia/39173/Tendencias/Mascercaloschipsimplantadosenhumanos.html

ANALYSIS: Human Microchipping Poses Dangers to Health, Privacy

WASHINGTON, April 30 (RIA Novosti), Lyudmila Chernova – Although hardly a
novel idea, microchipping humans arouses justified concerns about risks to health and
privacy, experts told RIA Novosti Wednesday.

“Along with the potential risks to health, there is a real risk to freedom and privacy, one
of the key purposes of RFID is the tracking technology. Besides, numbering people is
very dehumanizing. It turns you into a barcode on the package of meat that’s get
tracked like inventory,” said Dr. Katherine Albrecht, an RFID microchip and consumer
privacy expert.

Katina Michael, an associate professor at the University of Wollongong, echoed the
opinion, stating that implanting automatic identification technology for non-medical
purposes could entail the total loss of the right to privacy.

“There is a grave danger in it, as someone who gets an implant does not have control
over bodily privacy. They cannot remove the implant on their own accord. They do not
know when someone is attempting to hack into their device, no matter how proprietary
the code that is stored on the device, and no matter whether the implant has built-in
encryption,” Michael told RIA Novosti.

In 2007 Albrecht and Associated Press Reporter Todd Lewan revealed to the public
studies that showed microchips cause cancer when they are implanted into laboratory
animals. The finding led to the suspension the VeriChip company’s work.
“In our research we found that between one and ten percent of laboratory animals
implanted with radio frequency microchips developed cancer adjacent to and even
surrounding the microchips,” Albrecht said.

“Pacemakers can also cause cancer, but in a case of a pacemaker where the alternative
is literally dying, it is worth the risk. However, in a case of something like an
identification microchip or dosages of drugs being delivered to the body, that does not
make any sense. Most people would prefer to simply take those drugs themselves than
run the risk of an implant,” she added.

Dr. Michael also explained that implanting microchips is not new in the health industry,
as society has already adopted implantables for a variety of uses. However, implantables
for medical applications or for the identification of animals have a number of
documented health side effects in line with Dr. Albrecht’s opinion.

“People with microstimulators have described … varying levels of neurological response
that were not as prescribed, … or health implications such as infection, or even ongoing
stress,” said Michael, adding that there are a whole gambit of health issues that no one is
really studying properly.

The expert claimed that these kinds of technologies are being tested already, but have
not yet been approved by the FDA for use as medical devices.

However, Albrecht said that the FDA appears to have never looked at the studies
pointing to the dangers.

“One of the things I learned is that the FDA relies on the company that’s looking for the
approval to provide the evidence of the safety and of the danger of the product. They
don’t do independent research, and I think there is a very serious potential to having the
companies be the ones that determine the safety of their own product,” she said.

The VeriChip Corporation implanted identification microchips into diabetic and
Alzheimer's patients as a trial with Blue Cross Blue Shield in 2007. The trial was stopped
due to cancer risks.

In recent years, advocates of the technology have promised neural implants that could stimulate the brain to help people with depression, implants that would deliver certain
amounts of medication which may be remote controllable. The technologies involved
are not new, and neither is the argument on their appropriateness.

Tags: microchipping, privacy, technology

Lyudmila Chernova, April 30, 2014, "ANALYSIS: Human Microchipping Poses Dangers to Health, Privacy", Ria Novosti [РИА Новости], http://en.ria.ru/business/20140430/189481760/ANALYSIS-Human-Microchipping-Poses-Dangers-to-Health-Privacy.html

RFID Nieuws

This article is written in Dutch. I was not directly consulted before it was printed.

Professor waarschuwt voor RFID-implantaat bij mensen

by Redactie blognieuws 4 JAREN GELEDEN 

LESS THAN A MINUTE

READ

 

Hoewel sommige wetenschappers experimenteren met het injecteren van RFID-chips in hun eigen lichaam, kan dit serieuze gevolgen voor de mensheid hebben als het ooit gemeengoed wordt. Daarvoor waarschuwt Katina Michael, een professor aan de Universiteit van Wollongong.


Michael is gespecialiseerd in de sociaal-ethische gevolgen van opkomende technologieën. Ze stelt dat geïnjecteerde RFID-microchips eigenlijk een unieke identificatie in het lichaam zijn. "En zoals we weten kunnen cijfers worden gestolen en kan data worden gehackt. Externe computerproblemen binnen het menselijk lichaam brengen zit vol gevaren", zo waarschuwt ze. RFID-implantaten kunnen volgens de professor voor een surveillancesamenleving zorgen waarbij Big Brother in ons lichaam zit.

RFID News Dutch 17 April 2014.jpg

TEDxUWollongong: The Social Implications of Microchipping People

A/Professor Katina Michael from the University of Wollongong, speaks at the 2012 TEDxUWollongong on the moral and ethical dilemmas of emerging technologies. The 3 scenarios she performs raise very interesting social implications for our humanity. http://www.tedxuwollongong.com  

Speaker playlist here

Photostream available here

Cyborgs walk among us

Cyborgs walk among us

Higher education Conference

A university conference is tackling the big issues of technology and features speakers who have devices implanted under their skin, writes BENJAMIN LONG.

Program chair Associate Professor Katina Michael is expecting plenty of robust debate at the 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society this week at the University of Wollongong.

The multidisciplinary conference, which closes tomorrow (with a further workshop being held on Thursday), has attracted the world's leading experts in the area of new technology and its social impacts.

"What is fresh about this conference is that it is bringing people from different disciplines to discuss the same subject matter from different angles" says Dr Michael, a senior lecturer in the School of Information Technology and Computer Science at UOW.

"There should be a clash of sorts, because I don't think everyone will agree with what is being put forward.

The conference is looking at issues related to cyborg technology, microchip implants, nanotechnology and social networking

"We've got information and communication technology specialists. We've got applied ethics researchers. We've got political scientists. We've got lawyers talking about regulation and legislation of emerging technology such as nanotechnology.

"We've also got commercial entities that have invested heavily, for example, in GPS innovations. We've even got a theologian talking.

"It's not just engineering focussed or humanities focussed. It's going to create a lot of dialogue between those who conceive, those who implement and those who eventually critique the technology."

More than 100 speakers from 17 different countries will address the conference, and 70 academic papers will be presented.

It is the first time the symposium has been held in Australia, says Dr Michael, who has been working on it since UOW was awarded the hosting rights in 2007.

Speakers are looking at emerging technologies in four broad categories - location-based services, social networking, nanotechnology and automatic identification - and looking in particular at issues of security, privacy and human rights.

A number of the keynote speakers are addressing issues around implantable devices.

Professor Rafael Capurro of the Steinbeis-Transfer-Institute Information Ethics, Germany, is a leading ethicist in this area. He has been writing about these issues, says Dr Michael, since a time when "most other people were thinking this was the stuff of conspiracy theory".

Prof Capurro writes that while "ICT (information and communication technology) implants may be used to repair deficient bodily capabilities they can also be misused, particularly if these devices are accessible via digital networks. The idea of letting ICT devices get under our skin in order not just to repair but even to enhance human capabilities gives rise to science fiction visions".

Dr Mark Gasson, a senior research fellow in the Cybernetic Intelligence Research Group at the University of Reading, in the United Kingdom, has an engineering background and looks at implants from a different angle.

In particular he is interested in implantable RFID (radio-frequency identification) devices, which have evolved to the point where they can be considered simple computers.

Dr Gasson recently became "the world's first human infected with a computer virus" when he had a chip implanted in his hand and then infected with a computer virus.

Taking a more idiosyncratic approach is another keynote speaker, Amal Graafstra, who is not an academic but rather an RFID implant enthusiast from the United States.

The owner of several technology and mobile communications companies, Graafstra has two RFIDs implanted in his body which do things like allowing him keyless access to his home and car.

Another of the keynote speakers, Dr Roger Clarke, a consultant on eBusiness, information infrastructure, and dataveillance and privacy, and a Visiting Professor at the School of Computer Science at ANU, addresses the subject of cyborg rights.

"The first generation of cyborgs is alive, well, walking among us, and even running," Dr Clarke argues.

"Pacemakers, clumsy mechanical hands, and renal dialysis machines may not match the movie image of cyborgs, but they have been the leading wave."

He points to the case of South African athlete Oscar Pistorius, a double leg amputee whose prosthetic legs enable him to run faster than most able-bodied people. Pistorius doesn't want to be known as a Paralympian and would rather race against able-bodied athletes. Should he be allowed to run in the Olympics?

Dr Michael hopes that one of the outcomes of the conference is a greater awareness of how technology is affecting our lives.

"Technology can be used for positive means, but it can also be exploited," Dr Michael says.

"It is a great medium to communicate with other people on, but just be aware that even intelligent and street-savvy people can be fooled, and that harm can come from it.

"For example, one of the issues of location-based social networking is that Facebook now has a function that enables you to have a status update, which is automatic and which identifies your location based on where your mobile phone is.

"People can look at that without your knowing - if you've got 400 friends on your friends list - and see that you are in Figtree or you are in Wollongong.

"That might not mean much to people at the moment, but somebody might be able to use that to say, okay, well you're not at home right now so I can go around there and take everything you have. Or they could use it to stalk you.

"We are talking about technology that is not just in the virtual world, but which has repercussions in the physical world."

Citation: Benjamin Long, June 8, 2010, "Cyborgs walk among us", Illawarra Mercury, pp. 1, 23.

Robots of the flesh open door to future

Man with a chip-implanted hand at uni symposium

IMAGINE a world where a wave of a chip-implanted hand opens doors, turns on your computer, or starts the family car.

Or a world where your entire medical or personal history is carried inside your body to be accessed at the flick of a government controlled button.

Will there be a time when cyborg athletes running and jumping on artificial legs, arms, or even hearts, smash world records with ease?

Such Orwellian scenarios have now left the pages of science fiction to become a potentially frightening reality, with emergence of the latest generation of all-seeing, all-knowing technologies.

Just what the social implications of these emerging technologies might be will be explored during a three-day international symposium which starts at the University of Wollongong today.

Speakers from 17 countries will present more than 70 papers centred on automatic identification, location-based services, social networking, nanotechnology, and privacy and human rights.

Symposium chair, Associate Professor Katina Michael said some of the key topics to be explored will include ethical aspects of bar-code and microchip implants in the human body, the challenge of cyborg rights, tracking and monitoring living and non-living things, and internet filtering and regulation in Australia.

"We have seen an increase in the use of wearable and embedded technologies in everyday life, so I believe it's time for public debate on a range of associated issues," Prof Michael said.

"One recent example of an issue that has posed a number of social and ethical challenges regarding cyborg rights is South African runner Oscar Pistorius, who runs with the aid of carbon fibre transtibial artificial limbs," she said.

"Pistorius's artificial lower legs have allowed him to compete in open competitions, but this has generated claims that he has an unfair advantage over runners with prosthetic limbs," she said.

One of those presenting a paper at the symposium is Amal Graafstra, who has a radio-frequency identification chip implanted in the webbing between his thumb and forefinger.

One of about 300 implant "hobbyists" around the world, he can unlock his car and his front door and even turn on his computer.

Citation: Paul McInerney, June 7, 2010, "Robots of the flesh open door to future", Illawarra Mercury, p. 3.

Pastures New

Can RFID improve the entire dairy supply chain?

Dr Katina Michael, a senior lecturer at the School for Information Systems & Technology at the University of Wollongong in Australia, has conducted high-level research into RFID used in dairy farming. She says RFID doesn’t necessarily guarantee efficiency. ‘It depends on a company’s role in the supply chain, what region the produce comes from and how it is used in every day operations.’

She explains: ‘If a dairy farmer adopts RFID to meet a government mandate or industry-specific compliance directives then efficiency is likely to be pretty low to start with. Most Australian dairy farmers, for instance, have found the task of RFID tagging quite onerous in the main.’

RFID technology is still fairly young and initial use may be daunting for producers that have used traditional methods to distribute goods.

Michael says RFID will eventually benefit dairy farming in the end-to-end management of the dairy supply chain. ‘Other supply chain stakeholders besides the farmer, such as animal healthcare officials, veterinarians, livestock producers, sale yards, slaughterhouses and government agencies, can gain more knowledge as RFID can provide audit data and instant updates on the quality of the end product. Goods are now safer in transit and arrive fresh ready for consumption. For instance, milk volumes from each farmer can also be remotely monitored giving wholesalers and retailers a better idea on frequency volume of delivery.’

Citation: Maikie Curray, July 14, 2009, "Pastures New", Brand: Protection and Promotion World, InterTechPira,  Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 7-19.

Big Brother an Inside Job

BY EMMA SHAW 25/02/2009 4:00:00 AM

Dr MG Michael wears a radio-frequency identification wristband, stick tag and button. Picture: GREG TOTMAN

Dr MG Michael wears a radio-frequency identification wristband, stick tag and button. Picture: GREG TOTMAN

Big Brother could soon be tracking our every thought and movement, according to a University of Wollongong academic who says microchips implanted in the human body could become commonplace within two or three generations.

Dr MG Michael, honorary senior fellow at the School of Information Systems and Technology, coined the term "uberveillance" to encompass the notion of surveillance systems as embedded networks within the human body.

"It is Big Brother not on the outside looking down, but on the inside looking out," Dr Michael said.

"We are presently witnessing the emergence of uberveillance in various forms.

"Today we have cars tagged with radio-frequency identification for use in electronic toll collection, animals that bear national livestock identification system tags, prisoners adorned with electronic bracelets and even people that have embedded chips for making transactions at VIP lounges at clubs."

Dr Michael, whose area of interest covers philosophy and theology, as well as the social implications of information communication technology, said the chips could be located just about anywhere in the human body.

He said the issue raised many concerns.

"There is currently a heightened tension between the trade-offs of national security versus personal security," Dr Michael said.

"There will always be the potential to use uberveillance in positive applications to save lives, but once instituted the risks, especially to human rights, are incalculable."

Citation: Emma Shaw, February 25, 2009, "Big Brother an inside job", Illawarra Mercury, https://works.bepress.com/mgmichael/36/

Humans 'will be implanted with microchips'

All Australians could be implanted with microchips for tracking and identification within the next two or three generations, a prominent academic says. 

This VeriChip microchip contains identity and health information and is embedded under the skin. (AAP)

This VeriChip microchip contains identity and health information and is embedded under the skin. (AAP)

Michael G Michael from the University of Wollongong's School of Information Systems and Technology, has coined the term "uberveillance" to describe the emerging trend of all- encompassing surveillance.

"Uberveillance is not on the outside looking down, but on the inside looking out through a microchip that is embedded in our bodies," Dr Michael told ninemsn. 

Microchips are commonly implanted into animals to reveal identification details when scanned and similar devices have been used with Alzheimers patients. US company VeriChip is already using implantable microchips, which store a 16-digit unique identification number, on humans for medical purposes. 

"Our focus is on high-risk patients, and our product's ability to identify them and their medical records in an emergency," spokesperson Allison Tomek said. "We do not know when or if someone will develop an implantable microchip with GPS technology, but it is not an application we are pursuing."

Another form of uberveillance is the use of bracelets worn by dangerous prisoners which use global positioning systems to pinpoint their movements. But Dr Michael said the technology behind uberveillance would eventually lead to a black box small enough to fit on a tiny microchip and implanted in our bodies. 

This could also allow someone to be located in an emergency or for the identification of corpses after a large scale disaster or terrorist attack. "This black box will then be a witness to our actual movements, words — perhaps even our thoughts —-and play a similar role to the black box placed in an aircraft," he said. 

He also predicted that microchip implants and their infrastructure could eliminate the need for e-passports, etags, and secure ID cards. "Microchipping I think will eventually become compulsory in the context of identification within the frame of national security," he said.
Although uberveillance was only in its early phases, Dr Michael's wife, Katina Michael — a senior lecturer from UOW's School of Information Systems and Technology — said the ability to track and identify any individual was already possible.

"Anyone with a mobile phone can be tracked to 15m now," she said, pointing out that most mobile phone handsets now contained GPS receivers and radio frequency identification (RFID) readers. "The worst scenario is the absolute loss of human rights," she said. 

Wisconsin, North Dakota and four other states in the US have already outlawed the use of enforced microchipping. "Australia hasn't got specific regulations addressing these applications," she said. "We need to address the potential for misuse by amending privacy laws to ensure personal data protection."

Uberveillance has been nominated for Macquarie Dictionary's Word of the Year 2008.

flocking.png

Citation: Josephine Asher, "Humans 'will be implanted with microchips'", ninemsn.com, January 30, 2009.

Addendum: The following comment was provided but was not included in the final production of the article for reasons of space and readability. I provide here regardless.

  • "Technology is not foolproof. That’s one of the paradoxes of these surveillance systems," Katina Michael said. "Our ethical and legislative discourse lags far behind the diffusion and application of location based services. "There needs to be some public discourse and debate."

  • Dr Katina Michael recently received a grant from the Australian Research Council to research and propose new regulations to address these new technologies. "Implants is only one small component of the research - the main things we’re investigating relate to consumer mobile location records and data protection, socio-ethical dilemmas related to social networking applications based on the tracking of other human beings and privacy.

  • "Where do we stop and where do we begin? We have to be very careful at this early point as the new capabilities and their effects on society are relatively untested," Katina said.